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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5110 - τόκος

Word Origin:
from the base of (5088)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. birth
    1. the act of bringing forth
    2. that which has been brought forth, offspring
  2. interest of money, usury (because it multiplies money, and as it were "breeds")
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5386 ‑ נְשִׁי (nesh‑ee');   5392 ‑ נֶשֶׁךְ (neh'‑shek);   8432 ‑ תָּוֶךְ (taw'‑vek);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τόκος, ὁ,


childbirth, parturition, of women, Il. 19.119, h.Cer. 101, IG 42(1).121.15,17 (Epid., iv B. C.), Herophil. ap. Sor. 2.53; of animals, Il. 17.5; πλὴν ὅταν τ. παρῇ S. Fr. 477; ποιεῖσθαι τὸν τ. Arist. HA 542a25, etc.: pl., τόκοισί τε ἀγόνοις γυναικῶν S. OT 26, cf. 173 (lyr.), E. Med. 1031, etc. the time of parturition, ὁ τ. τῆς γυναικός Hdt. 1.111; period of gestation, ἐνιαύσιος ὁ τ. Arist. GA 777b13. ἡ φύσις τοῦ παιδίου τοῦ ἐν τόκῳ in the foetal stage, Hp. Nat.Puer. tit. (as cited in Mul. 1.1). II offspring, of men or animals, πάντων Ἀργείων ἐρέων γενεήν τε τόκον τε Il. 7.128, cf. 15.141; of an eagle, ἐλθὼν ἐξ ὄρεος, ὅθι οἱ γενεή τε τόκος τε Od. 15.175; μήλων τ. E. Cyc. 162; Οἰδίπον τ. his son, A. Th. 372, cf. 407, etc. (but also, daughter, θεὰ γεγῶσα καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς τ. E. Andr. [1254]); fry of fish, Arist. HA 543a4; litter of pigs, πασῶν τῶν συῶν ἀπὸ τόκου χοῖρον λαμβάνειν X. Lac. 15.5.

2. metaph., produce of money lent, hence interest (cf. S. Fr. 477 (punningly), Sophr. 35, Pl. R. 555e, Arist. Pol. 1258b5), Pi. O. 10(11).9, etc.; τ. ἐπίτριτος, v. h. v.; τ. πεντώβολος interest at 5 obols per month on the mina, IG 11(2).146 B 17 (Delos, iv B. C.); τ. πεντεκαιδέκατος, i. e. 100/15 = 6 2/3 %, SIG 672.23 (Delph., ii B. C.); sg. and pl., IG 12.324.5, Ar. Numbers 18:1-32; Numbers 20:1-29; Numbers 31:1-54, etc.; τόκους ἀποδοῦναι ib. 739, etc.; κομίζεσθαι Pl. l. c., PEnteux. 32.13 (iii B. C.); λαμβάνειν ἀπό τινος Isa 8.35; ἀπολαμβάνειν Lys. 17.3; δανείζειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Pl. Lg. 742c; ὀφείλειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Isoc. 17.7; τόκοι τόκων compound interest, Ar. Nu. 1156; τόκος τόκου Thphr. Char. 10.10; τῶν τόκων ἔχων τόκους Men. 870: Ar. plays on the double meaning of the word, Th. 843 sq.; so also Pl. R. 507a, Plu. 2.433e.

3. metaph., interest, [ γῄδιον] ὅτι λάβοι σπέρμα.. δικαίως ἀπεδίδου αὐτό τε καὶ τόκον X. Cyr. 8.3.38, cf. Philem. 231, 88.10; οἱ δ' εἰς τὸ γῆρας ἀναβολὰς ποιούμενοι, οὗτοι προσαποτίνουσι τοῦ χρόνου τόκους Men. 235.9; offspring, ἢ τίκτων λόγους ἢ τὸν ἑτέρων τόκον λαμβάνων Lib. Or. 12.94; bringing forth, ib. 17.38.

4. oppression, as translation of Hebr. τô κη, LXX Psalms 72:14 (71). 14, Jeremiah 9:6.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 τόκος, τόκου, (from τίκτω, perfect τέτοκα);

1. birth;

a. the act of bringing forth.

b. that which has been brought forth, offspring; (in both senses from Homer down).

2. interest of money, usury (because it multiplies money, and as it were 'breeds' (cf. e. g. Merchant of Venice 1:3)): Matthew 25:27; Luke 19:23 (so in Greek writings from Pindar and Aristophanes down; the Sept. for נֶשֶׁך).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τόκος , -ου ,

(< τίκτω ),

[in LXX for H5392, etc.;]

(a) a bringing forth, birth;

(b) offspring. Metaph., of the produce of money lent out, interest, usury (cf. Merch. of Venice, I, iii, "a breed of barren metal "): , (Soph., Plat., al.).





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
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List of Word Forms
τόκον τόκος τόκου τόκους τοκω τόκω τόκῳ τόκων τόλμη toko tokō tókoi tókōi

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