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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5110 - τόκος

Word Origin:
from the base of (5088)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. birth
    1. the act of bringing forth
    2. that which has been brought forth, offspring
  2. interest of money, usury (because it multiplies money, and as it were "breeds")
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5386 ‑ נְשִׁי (nesh‑ee');   5392 ‑ נֶשֶׁךְ (neh'‑shek);   8432 ‑ תָּוֶךְ (taw'‑vek);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τόκος, ὁ,


childbirth, parturition, of women, Il. 19.119, h.Cer. 101, IG 42(1).121.15,17 (Epid., iv B. C.), Herophil. ap. Sor. 2.53; of animals, Il. 17.5; πλὴν ὅταν τ. παρῇ S. Fr. 477; ποιεῖσθαι τὸν τ. Arist. HA 542a25, etc.: pl., τόκοισί τε ἀγόνοις γυναικῶν S. OT 26, cf. 173 (lyr.), E. Med. 1031, etc. the time of parturition, ὁ τ. τῆς γυναικός Hdt. 1.111; period of gestation, ἐνιαύσιος ὁ τ. Arist. GA 777b13. ἡ φύσις τοῦ παιδίου τοῦ ἐν τόκῳ in the foetal stage, Hp. Nat.Puer. tit. (as cited in Mul. 1.1). II offspring, of men or animals, πάντων Ἀργείων ἐρέων γενεήν τε τόκον τε Il. 7.128, cf. 15.141; of an eagle, ἐλθὼν ἐξ ὄρεος, ὅθι οἱ γενεή τε τόκος τε Od. 15.175; μήλων τ. E. Cyc. 162; Οἰδίπον τ. his son, A. Th. 372, cf. 407, etc. (but also, daughter, θεὰ γεγῶσα καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς τ. E. Andr. [1254]); fry of fish, Arist. HA 543a4; litter of pigs, πασῶν τῶν συῶν ἀπὸ τόκου χοῖρον λαμβάνειν X. Lac. 15.5.

2. metaph., produce of money lent, hence interest (cf. S. Fr. 477 (punningly), Sophr. 35, Pl. R. 555e, Arist. Pol. 1258b5), Pi. O. 10(11).9, etc.; τ. ἐπίτριτος, v. h. v.; τ. πεντώβολος interest at 5 obols per month on the mina, IG 11(2).146 B 17 (Delos, iv B. C.); τ. πεντεκαιδέκατος, i. e. 100/15 = 6 2/3 %, SIG 672.23 (Delph., ii B. C.); sg. and pl., IG 12.324.5, Ar. Numbers 18:1-32; Numbers 20:1-29; Numbers 31:1-54, etc.; τόκους ἀποδοῦναι ib. 739, etc.; κομίζεσθαι Pl. l. c., PEnteux. 32.13 (iii B. C.); λαμβάνειν ἀπό τινος Isa 8.35; ἀπολαμβάνειν Lys. 17.3; δανείζειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Pl. Lg. 742c; ὀφείλειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Isoc. 17.7; τόκοι τόκων compound interest, Ar. Nu. 1156; τόκος τόκου Thphr. Char. 10.10; τῶν τόκων ἔχων τόκους Men. 870: Ar. plays on the double meaning of the word, Th. 843 sq.; so also Pl. R. 507a, Plu. 2.433e.

3. metaph., interest, [ γῄδιον] ὅτι λάβοι σπέρμα.. δικαίως ἀπεδίδου αὐτό τε καὶ τόκον X. Cyr. 8.3.38, cf. Philem. 231, 88.10; οἱ δ' εἰς τὸ γῆρας ἀναβολὰς ποιούμενοι, οὗτοι προσαποτίνουσι τοῦ χρόνου τόκους Men. 235.9; offspring, ἢ τίκτων λόγους ἢ τὸν ἑτέρων τόκον λαμβάνων Lib. Or. 12.94; bringing forth, ib. 17.38.

4. oppression, as translation of Hebr. τô κη, LXX Psalms 72:14 (71). 14, Jeremiah 9:6.

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τόκον τόκος τόκου τόκους τοκω τόκω τόκῳ τόκων τόλμη toko tokō tókoi tókōi
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