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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5196 - ὕβρις

Word Origin:
from (5228)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. insolence
    1. impudence, pride, haughtiness
  2. a wrong springing from insolence, an injury, affront, insult
  3. mental injury and wantonness of its infliction being prominent
  4. injury inflicted by the violence of a tempest
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1344 ‑ גֵּאָה (gay‑aw');   1347 ‑ גָּאוֹן (gaw‑ohn');   1466 ‑ גֵּוָה (gay‑vaw');   2087 ‑ זָדוֹן (zaw‑done');   3944 ‑ לָצוֹן (law‑tsone');   5947 ‑ עַלִּיז (al‑leez');   7312 ‑ רֻם (room, room);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὕβρις [ by nature, by position in etc.], , gen. εως Ar. Lys. 425, Th. 465 (lyr.), εος Id. Pl. 1044, Eub. 67.9, and Ion. ιος Hes. Op. 217, Hdt. 1.189:

wanton violence, arising from the pride of strength or from passion, insolence, freq. in Od., mostly of the suitors, μνηστήρων, τῶν ὕ. τε βίη τε σιδήρεον οὐρανὸν ἵκει 15.329, 17.565; μνηστῆρες ὑπέρβιον ὕ. ἔχοντες 1.368, 4.321; λίην γὰρ ἀτάσθαλον ὕ. ἔχουσι 16.86, cf. Alc. Supp. 27.10; ὕβρει εἴξαντες Od. 14.262, 17.431; θεοὶ.. ἀνθρώπων ὕβριν τε καὶ εὐνομίην ἐφορῶντες ib. 487; δίκη ὑπὲρ ὕβριος ἴσχει Hes. l.c., cf. Archil. 88, IG 12.394 (vi B. C.), 42(1).122.98 (Epid., iv B. C.); joined with ὀλιγωρίη, Hdt. 1.106; δυσσεβίας μὲν ὕβρις τέκος A. Eu. 533 (lyr.); ἐπιθυμίας.. ἀρξάσης ἐν ἡμῖν τῇ ἀρχῇ ὕ. ἐπωνομάσθη Pl. Phdr. 238a; in Poets freq. joined with κόρος (v. κόρος (A) 2): predicated of actions, ἆρ' οὐχ ὕβρις τάδ'; S. OC 883; ταῦτ' οὐχ ὕβρις δῆτ' ἐστίν; Ar. Nu. 1299, cf. Ra. 21, Pl. 886; ὕβρις τάδ' ἐστί, κρείσσω δαιμόνων εἶναι θέλειν E. Hipp. 474; ὕβρει in wantonness or insolence, S. El. 881, Pl. Ap. 26e; ἐφ' ὕβρει E. Or. 1581, D. 21.38, PCair.Zen. 462.9 (iii B. C.), etc.; δι' ὕβριν D. 21.42; διὰ τὴν ὕ. X. HG 2.2.10; πρὸς ὕβριν Plu. Alc. 37, etc.

2. lust, lewdness, opp. σωφροσύνη, Thgn. 379, X. Cyr. 8.4.14.

3. of animals, violence, Hdt. 1.189; ὕβρις ὀρθία κνωδάλων Pi. P. 10.36, cf. N. 1.50 (v. ὑβρίζω 1.2); ἡ ἐκ τοῦ χαλινοῦ ὕ. D.Chr. 63.5.

II = cross ὕβρισμα, an outrage (though it is freq. difficult to separate this concrete sense from the abstract), Il. 1.203, 214; ὕβριν τεῖσαι Od. 24.352; ὑπὸ γυναικὸς ἄρχεσθαι ὕ. ἐσχάτη Democr. 111, cf. Xenoph. 1.17: sts., like cross ὑβρίζω, folld. by a Pr, Ἥρας μητέρ' εἰς ἐμὴν ὕβρις her outrage towards.., E. Ba. 9; ἡ κατ' Ἀργείων (-ους codd. Priscian.) . S. Fr. 368; ἡ πρὸς τοὺς δημότας ὕ. Hdn. 2.4.1: c. gen. objecti, ὕ. τινός towards him, Id. 1.8.4, etc.: pl., wanton acts, outrages, Hes. Op. 146, E. Ba. 247, HF 741, Pl. Lg. 884a, etc.: for ὕβριν ὑβρίζειν, cf. ὑβρίζω 11.2.

2. an outrage on the person, esp. violation, rape, Pi. P. 2.28, Lys. 1.2, etc.; παίδων ὕβρεις καὶ γυναικῶν αἰσχύνας Isoc. 4.114, cf. Plb. 6.8.5; τὴν ὕ. τὴν εἰς τὸ ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα Aeschin. 1.116; τὴν τοῦ σώματος ὕβριν πεπρακώς ib.188; so τὸ σῶμα ἐφ' ὕβρει πεπρακώς ib.29; γυναῖκας ἤγαγε δεῦρ' ἐφ' ὕβρει D. 19.309; γυναικῶν ὕβρεις ἢ εἰς αὑτοὺς ἢ εἰς υἱεῖς Arist. Rh. 1373a35.

3. in Law, a term covering all the more serious injuries done to the person, Isoc. 20.2, Aeschin. 1.15, D. 37.33, 45.4; see esp. D. 21 (against Meidias); ὁ τῆς ὕβρεως νόμος ib.35 (the text is given ib.47); δίκη ὕβρεως ἢ πληγῶν PHal. 1.115 (iii B. C.), cf. PHib. 1.32.8 (iii B. C.), etc.

III used of a loss by sea, Pi. (v. ναυσίστονος), Acts 27:21. as masc., = cross ὑβριστής, a violent, overbearing man, κακῶν ῥεκτῆρα καὶ ὕβριν ἀνέρα Hes. Op. 191.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὕβρις, ὑβρισεως, (from ὑπέρ ((see Curtius, p. 540); cf. Latin superbus, English 'uppishness')), from Homer down, the Sept. for גָּאון, גַּאֲוָה, זָדון, etc.;

a. insolence; impudence, pride, haughtiness.

b. a wrong springing from insolence, an injury, affront, insult (in Greek usage the mental injury and the wantonness of its infliction being prominent; cf. Cope on Aristotle, rhet. 1,12, 26; 2,2, 5; see ὑβριστής): properly, plural 2 Corinthians 12:10 ( Hesychius ὕβρεις. τραύματα, ὀνείδη); tropically, injury inflicted by the violence of a tempest: Acts 27:10,21 (τήν ἀπό τῶν ὀμβρων ὕβριν, Josephus, Antiquities 3,6, 4; δείσασα θαλαττης ὕβριν, Anthol. 7,291, 3; (cf. Pindar Pythagoras 1,140)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ὑποτύπωσις is found in the NT only in 1 Timothy 1:16, 2 Timothy 1:13, where it denotes not ";pattern,"; but ";sketch in outline,"; ";the outline without the substance,"; ";summary account"; : cf. Galen 19, II ὑποτυπώσεσί τε καὶ ὑπογραφαῖς (cf. 1 Peter 2:21) χρῶνται · καλοῦσι δὲ οὕτως αὐτοὶ τοὺς λόγους ὅσοι διὰ βραχέων ἑρμηνεύουσι τὴν ἔννοιαν τοῦ πράγματος (cited by Parry ad 2 Tim l.c.). For the verb see PSI IV. 429.10 (iii/B.C.) τὴν πρὸς Ἀπολλόδωρον συγγραφὴν ὑποτυπώσασθαι καὶ γράψαι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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ύβρει υβρεσιν ύβρεσιν ὕβρεσιν υβρεως υβρεώς ύβρεως ὕβρεως υβριν ύβριν ὕβριν ύβρις hybreos hybreōs hýbreos hýbreōs hybresin hýbresin hybrin hýbrin ubreos ubreōs ubresin ubrin
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