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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5247 - ὑπεροχή

Word Origin:
from (5242)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. elevation, pre-eminence, superiority
  2. metaph. excellence
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1364 ‑ גָּבוֹהַּ (gaw‑bo'‑ah, gaw‑bo'‑ah);   6967 ‑ קוֹמָה (ko‑maw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπεροχ-ή, ἡ,

(ὑπερέχω 11)

projection, prominence, οὐ κνῖσα κρούει πινὸς ὑπεροχὰς ἄκρας; Ephipp. 3, cf. Gp. 9.10.4; αἱ ὑ. τῶν βουνῶν, τῶν ὀρῶν, their prominent points, Plb. 10.10.10, Plu. 2.936a; top of an upright beam, Ath.Mech. 17.4; ὑ. λιθοειδεῖς, of the mastoid processes of the skull, Ruf. Onom. 139; τὰς ὑ. αὐτῶν (sc. τῶν μαστῶν) Sor. 1.55: abs., an eminence, Plb. 3.104.3.

2. rising of a star, ἀνατολὴν εἶναι.. ὑ. ἄστρου ὑπὲρ γῆς Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.200; raising, τῆς ἑαυτῶν κεφαλῆς Plot. 5.8.3.

II metaph., pre-eminence, superiority, ὑπεροχῆς ἐπιθυμεῖ ἡ νεότης, ἡ δὲ νίκη ὑ. τις Arist. Rh. 1389a13; ἡ ἰσχὺς καὶ ἡ ὑ. Id. Pol. 1297b18; τὴν ὑ. ἀπονέμειν τοῖς ἀρίστοις ib. 1293b41; τὴν ὑ. τῆς πολιτείας λαμβάνειν superiority in the government, ib. 1296a31; διὰ τὴν ὑ. τοῦ πλήθους because of superiority in multitude, ib. 1293a4; ἡ ἐν τῷ ἐπιτηδεύματι ὑ. IG 22.3800: pl., πρὸς τὰς ὑ. οὕτω διακεῖσθαι Isoc. 12.16; διαφέρεσθαι ἐν τῷ ποσῷ καὶ ταις ὑ. Arist. Pol. 1323a35.

2. like cross ὑπερβολή, excess, opp. ἔλλειψις (defect), in many senses, as in Arithm., one of the ἀριθμοῦ ᾗ ἀριθμὸς πάθη, Id. Metaph. 1004b12, cf. Archim. Spir. 11, Aequil. 1.2, Dioph. 1.6, al.; ἐν ἴσῃ ὑ., of an arithmetical progression, Papp. 76.21, al., cf. Archyt. 2, Porph. in Harm. p.266 W.; excess, of a sum of money, SIG 976.66 (Samos, ii B.C.); in Physics, Arist. Ph. 187a16, 189b10, HA 486b8, al.; διαφέρειν καθ' ὑπεροχήν Id. PA 644a17, al.; τάχος τὸ ὑ. [ἔχον] κινήσεως Id. Metaph. 1052b30; ἡ κατὰ τὴν ἀρετὴν ὑ. Id. EN 1098a11, cf. Rh. 1368a25; τῶν ἠθῶν (sc. τοῦ Επικούρου) IG 22.1099.27 (Epist. Plotinae), cf. 42(1).86.18 (Epid., prob.); φιλίας εἶδος τὸ καθ' ὑ., where one exceeds the other in rank, etc., Arist. EN 1158b12, cf. 1161a20: pl., κατὰ πλούτων ὑπεροχάς Pl. Lg. 711d; οἱ ἐν ὑπεροχαῖς εὐτυχημάτων ὄντες Arist. Pol. 1295b14.

3. alone, supremacy, authority, dignity, Plb. 1.64.1; τὴν Σελεύκου τοῦ βασιλέως ὑ. Antiph. 187.4; δαιμόνων ὑ. OGI 383.75 (Nemrud Dagh, i B.C.); οἱ ἐν ὑπεροχαῖς νεανίσκοι D.S. 4.41; οἱ ἐν ὑπεροχῇ ὄντες PTeb. 734.24 (ii B.C.), 1 Timothy 2:2; ἀνὴρ ἐν ὑ. κείμενος LXX 2 Maccabees 3:11.

4. of language, periphrasIsa prolixity, opp. ἔλλειψις, Pl. Plt. 283c.

5. as a title, Excellency, Just. Nov. 25.5; ἡ ὑμετέρα Ὑ. POxy. 130.20 (vi A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὑπεροχή, ὑπεροχῆς, (from ὑπέροχος, and this from ὑπερέχω, which see), properly, elevation, pre-eminence, superiority (properly, in Polybius, Plutarch, others); metaphorically, excellence ( Plato, Aristotle, Polybius, Josephus, Plutarch, others): τῶν ἐν ὑπεροχή, namely, ὄντες ( R. V. those that are in high place), of magistrates, 1 Timothy 2:2 (ἐν ὑπεροχή κεῖσθαι, to have great honor and authority, 2 Maccabees 3:11); καθ' ὑπεροχήν λόγου σοφίας ( A. V. with excellency of speech or of wisdom i. e.) with distinguished eloquence or Wisdom of Solomon , 1 Corinthians 2:1.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

the name of a certain ἔπαρχος εἴλης, in P Lond 904.33 (A.D. 104) (=3 III. p. 126). The document itself is interesting as a specimen of an official letter copy-book (cf. Deissmann LAE2 p. 235).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
υπεροχη υπεροχή ὑπεροχῇ υπεροχην υπεροχήν ὑπεροχὴν υπερόψει hyperoche hyperochē hyperochêi hyperochē̂i hyperochen hyperochēn hyperochḕn uperoche uperochē uperochen uperochēn
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