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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5255 - ὑπήκοος

Word Origin:
from (5219)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. giving ear, obedient
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4522 ‑ מִס (mas, mees);   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπήκοος, ον,


hearkening, ἀμφοτέροισι perh. answering with both gifts, AP 9.46 (Antip. Thess.); a hearer, scholar, Poll. 4.44, Iamb. VP 26.121.

II obeying, subject, c. gen., Πέρσας Μήδων ὑπηκόους ἐποίησε Hdt. 1.102, cf. 4.167, 7.111, 149, A. Pers. 234, 242 (both troch.), Th. 4.78, 6.20, etc.; ὑ. τῶν νόμων Arist. EN 1102a10.

2. c. dat., E. Heracl. 287, X. Cyr. 2.4.22; ἅπαντα τῷ πλουτεῖν ὑπήκοα Ar. Pl. 146; γλῶττα ὑ. τῷ λογισμῷ Plu. 2.90b; also ναυσὶ καὶ οὐ φόρῳ ὑ. liable to furnish.. (cf. ὑποτελής), Th. 7.57; τροφὴ ὑ. τῇ πέψει easy of digestion, Plu. 2.661b; ὕλη ὑ. phlegm easily brought up, Steph. in Hp. 1.181 D.

III abs. as Subst., ὑπήκοοι, οἱ, subjects, X. HG 4.1.36, etc.; ἡ ὑ. (sc. χώρα) D.C. 36.53; τὸ ὑ. = οἱ ὑ., τὸ ὑ. τῶν ξυμμάχων Th. 6.69, cf. D.C. 37.25, etc.; the subject allies of Athens were called ὑπήκοοι, opp. αὐτόνομοι, Th. 7.57, cf. 6.22, 8.2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὑπήκοος, ὑπηκον (ἀκοή; see ὑπακούω, 2), from Aeschylus and Herodotus down, giving ear, obedient: Philippians 2:8; with the dative of the person Acts 7:39; εἰς πάντα, 2 Corinthians 2:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";envy"; : cf. P Ryl II. 144.21 (A.D. 38) ἔτι δὲ καὶ ἐτόλμησεν πθόνους (l. φθόνου) μοι ἐπαγαγεῖν αἰτίας τοῦ μὴ ὄντος, ";moreover he had the audacity to bring baseless accusations of malice against me"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 237vi. 21 (A.D. 186) ἐπὶ φθ ̣όνῳ μο ̣ν ̣ο ̣ν ̣ [λο ]ιδορούμενος, ";but malice was the root of his abuse"; (Edd. : but see their note ad l.), ib. III. 533.14 (ii/iii A.D.) [ν ]α μὴ ἔχωμεν στομάχου [ς ] ηδὲ φθόνον, ";that we may not be caused vexation and annoyance"; (Edd.), P Thead 14.34 (iv/A.D.) οὐδὲν βεβάστακτα · ονιοι φθόνῳ περὶ κλ ̣η ̣ι ̣δ ̣ι ̣ο ̣υ ̣ κατα [γουεύουσι ̣ν, ";nothing has been taken. These accuse us from jealousy."; Hort (Jas. p. 93 f.) thinks that the difficult πρὸς φθόονον in Jas. 4:5 must be understood as = ";jealously"; or ";with jealousy"; (cf. the RV marginal renderings) : see also the elaborate note in the Revue Biblique xii. (1915), p. 35 ff., and for a suggestion to read φόνον for θόνον, see J. A. Findlay in Exp T xxxvii. (1926), p. 381 f. For Phil I.15 the commentators cite by way of illustration the comic poet Philemon. (Meineke iv. p. 55) πολλά με διδάσκεις ἀφθόνως διὰ φθόνον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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υπηκοοι υπήκοοι υπήκοοί ὑπήκοοι ὑπήκοοί υπηκοος υπήκοος ὑπήκοος υπηκόους υπηρεσία hypekooi hypēkooi hypḗkooi hypḗkooí hypekoos hypēkoos hypḗkoos upekooi upēkooi upekoos upēkoos
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