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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5287 - ὑπόστασις

Word Origin:
from a compound of (5259) and (2476)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a setting or placing under
    1. thing put under, substructure, foundation
  2. that which has foundation, is firm
    1. that which has actual existence
      1. a substance, real being
    2. the substantial quality, nature, of a person or thing
    3. the steadfastness of mind, firmness, courage, resolution
      1. confidence, firm trust, assurance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2465 ‑ חֶלֶד (kheh'‑led);   3351 ‑ יְקוּם (yek‑oom');   3666 ‑ כִּנְעָה (kin‑aw');   4241 ‑ מִחְיָה (mikh‑yaw');   4613 ‑ מָעֳמָד (moh‑om‑awd');   4673 ‑ מַצָּב (mats‑tsawb');   4853 ‑ מַשָּׂא (mas‑saw');   5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');   5475 ‑ סוֹד (sode);   7551 ‑ רָקַם (raw‑kam');   8431 ‑ תּוֹחֶלֶת (to‑kheh'‑leth);   8499 ‑ תְּכוּנָה (tek‑oo‑naw');   8615 ‑ תִּקְוָה (tik‑vaw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπόστᾰσις, εως, ἡ,

(ὑφίστημι, ὑφίσταμαι): as an act, standing under, supporting, ἡ κεφαλὴ τοῦ μηροῦ καὶ ὁ αὐχὴν τοῦ ἄρθρου.. ὑπὸ συχνῷ μέρει τοῦ ἰσχίου τὴν ὑ. πεποίηται Hp. Art. 55; [ τοὺς προσθίους πόδας] ἔχουσιν.. οὐ μόνον ἕνεχ' ὑποστάσεως τοῦ βάρους Arist. PA 659a24; ἐνεπάγην εἰς ἰλὺν βυθοῦ, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ὑ. LXX Psalms 68:3(69).3.

2. resistance, τοῦ κύματος Arist. Mete. 368b12 (unless = settling down); so perh. in Hp. Off. 3, Ael. Fr. 59.

3. lying in ambush, S. Fr. 719. as a thing,

I in liquids, that which settles at the bottom, sediment, Hp. Steril. 242, Arist. HA 551b29, Mete. 382b14, Thphr. HP 9.8.3; esp. of sediment in the urine, Hp. Coac. 146, 389, Aph. 4.69, al., Gal. 6.252, al.; but the urine itself is called ἡ ὑ. ἡ εἰς τὴν κύστιν, Arist. Mete. 358a8; ἡ τῆς ὑγρᾶς τροφῆς ὑ. Id. PA 647b28; ἐκ τῶν νεφρῶν ἡ γιγνομένη ὑ. ib. 671b20; also of the dry excrement, ἡ τῆς ξηρᾶς τροφῆς ὑ. ib. 647b28, cf. 677a15, Mete. 358b9. an accumulation of pus, abscess, Hp. Art. 40.

2. νέφους ὑποστάσεις cloud- cumuli, D.S. 1.38.

3. a kind of jelly or thick soup, in pl., Men. 462.10 (cf. Poll. 6.60), Orib. 4.8.1.

4. metaph. of time, duration, ἡ στιγμιαία τῶν καιρῶν ὑ. Gal. 19.187; μνήσθητι τίς μου ἡ ὑ. remember how short my time is, LXX Psalms 89:48(88).48; ἡ ὑ. μου ὡσεὶ οὐθὲν ἐνώπιόν σου mine age is as nothing before thee, ib. 38(39).6; ἐφ' ὅσον αὐτοῦ (sc. Ἕκτορος) ἡ ὑ. τῶν χρόνων ὑπῆρχεν as long as his store of years lasted, Vett.Val. 347.14.

5. coming into existence, origin, ἡ ὑ. μου ἐν τοῖς κατωτάτω τῆς γῆς LXX Psalms 139:15(138).15; περὶ τοῦ γένους.. τῶν Ἰουδαίων.. ὅτι.. τὴν πρώτην ὑ. ἔσχεν ἰδίαν J. Revelation 1:1; ἀκμὴ οὐδὲ ἔχει γενέσεως ὑ. καθ' ἑαυτήν has no power of originating by itself, Hermog. Id. 1.10.

II foundation or substructure of a temple, etc., LXX Nahum 2:7, D.S. 1.66, 13.82; ὑποστάσεις ἐπάλξεων lower part of a crenellated wall, Ph. Bel. 84.9; ὑ. ξύλου is f.l. for ὑπότασις ξ. in Hp. Mochl. 25.

2. metaph. of a narrative, speech, or poem, ground-work, subject-matter, argument, Plb. 4.2.1, D.S. 1.3, etc.

3. plan, purpose, Id. 16.32; κατὰ τὴν ἰδίαν ὑ. Id. 1.28, 15.70; πρὸς τὴν ἰδίαν ὑ. Id. 1.3; οἱ Αἰγύπτιοι.. ἰδίᾳ τινὶ ὑ. κεχρημένοι εἰσί (sc. in their calendar) Gem. 8.16, cf. 25; κατὰ τὴν Καίσαρος ὑ. BMus.Inscr. 892.21 (Halic., i B. C. /i A. D.).

4. confidence, courage, resolution, steadiness, of soldiers, Plb. 4.50.10, 6.55.2; hope, ἔστι μοι ὑ. τοῦ γενηθῆναί με ἀνδρί LXX Ruth 1:12; ἀπώλετο ἡ ὑ. αὐτῆς ib. Ezekiel 19:5, cf. Hebrews 3:14; ἡ ὑ. τῆς καυχήσεως 2 Corinthians 11:17; cf. 2 Corinthians 9:4; ἔστιν δὲ πίστις ἐλπιζομένων ὑπόστασις confidence in things hoped for, Hebrews 11:1 (unless substance be the right sense here).

5. undertaking, promise, οἱ ὑπογεγραμμένοι γεωργοὶ ἐπέδωκαν ἡμῖν ὑπόστασιν PEleph. 15.3 (iii B. C.), cf. PTheb.Bank 1.8 (ii B. C.), PTeb. 61 (b). 194 (ii B. C.).

6. Astrol., τὰ τούτου (sc. κλήρου τύχης) τετράγωνα ὑπόστασις (fort. -στάσεις) [λέγεται ] Serapio in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).227.

III substantial nature, substance, δύσσχιστα, τῷ κολλώδη τὴν ὑ. ἔχειν woods hard to cleave, because of their resinous substance, Thphr. CP 5.16.4; ἡ τοῦ γεώδους ὑ. ib. 6.7.4.

2. substance, actual existence, reality (οἱ νεώτεροι τῶν φιλοσόφων ἀντὶ τῆς οὐσίας τῇ λέξει τῆς ὑ. ἐχρήσαντο Socr. Hebrews 3:7), opp. semblance, φαντασίαν μὲν ἔχειν πλούτου, ὑ. δὲ μή Artem. 3.14; τῶν ἐν ἀέρι φαντασμάτων τὰ μέν ἐστι κατ' ἔμφασιν, τὰ δὲ καθ' ὑπόστασιν (substantial, actual), Arist. Mu. 395a30, cf. Placit. 3.6, D.L. 7.135, 9.91; so ὑποστάσεις are the substances of which the reflections (αἱ κατοπτρικαὶ ἐμφάσεις) appear in the mirror, Placit. 4.14.2; ὑ. ἔχειν have substantial existence, Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1055.14, S.E. P. 2.94, 176, M.Ant. 9.42; ἰδίᾳ χρησάμενον ὑποστάσει (ὑποτάσει cod.), πρὸς ἰδίαν ὑ. φυτευθέντα,

a separate existence, Sor. 1.96, cf. 33; ὑπόστασιν μὴ ἔχειν Id. 2.57; ὑποστάσεις τε καὶ μεταβολαί M.Ant. 9.1, cf. 10.5; [ ἡ παρασιτικὴ] διαφέρει καὶ τῆς ῥητορικῆς καὶ τῆς φιλοσοφίας.. κατὰ τὴν ὑ. (in respect of reality) · ἡ μὲν γὰρ ὑφέστηκεν, αἱ δὲ οὔ Luc. Par. 27; κατ' ἰδίαν ὑ. καὶ οὐσίαν S.E. M. 9.338.

3. real nature, essence, χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑ. Hebrews 1:3. as a Rhet. figure, the full expression or expansion of an idea, Hermog. Id. 1.11, Aristid. Rh. 1p.479S., Syrian. in Hermog. 1.60 R. = ὑπόστημα 111, camp, LXX 1 Kings 13:23, LXX 1 Kings 14:4. wealth, substance, property, ib. De. 11.6, Jeremiah 10:17, POxy. 1274.15 (iii A. D.), BGU 1020.16 (vi A. D.), etc.

2. pl., title deeds, documents recording ownership of property, POxy. 237 viii 26 (ii A. D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὑπόστασις, ὑποστάσεως, (ὑφίστημι), a word very common in Greek authors, especially from Aristotle onward, in widely different senses, of which only those will be noticed which serve to illustrate N. T. usage;

1. a setting or placing under; thing put under, substructure, foundation: Psalm 68:3 (Psalm 69:3>); τοῦ οἴκου, Ezekiel 43:11; τοῦ τάφου, Diodorus 1,66.

2. that which has foundation, is firm; hence,

a. that which has actual existence; a substance, real being: τῶν ἐν ἀερι φαντασμάτων τά μέν ἐστι κατ' ἐμφασιν, τά δέ καθ' ὑπόστασιν, Aristotle, de mundo, 4,19, p. 395{a}, 30; φαντασίαν μέν ἔχειν πλούτου, ὑπόστασιν δέ μή, Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 3,14; ( αὐγή) ὑπόστασιν ἰδίαν οὐκ ἔχει, γεννᾶται δέ ἐκ φλογός, Philo de incorruptibil. mundi § 18; similarly in other writings (cf. Sophocles Lexicon, under the word, 5; Liddell and Scott, under the word, III:2).

b. the substantial quality, nature, of any person or thing: τοῦ Θεοῦ ( R. V. substance), Hebrews 1:3 ( Wisdom of Solomon 16:21; ἴδε ... τίνος ὑποστάσεως τίνος εἴδους τυγχάνουσιν οὕς ἐρεῖτε καί νομιζετε Θεούς, Epist. ad' Diogn. 2,1 [ET]; (cf. Suicer, Thesaurus, under the word)).

c. steadiness of mind, firmness, courage resolution (οἱ δέ Ῥόδιοι θεωροῦντες τήν τόν Βυζαντινων ὑπόστασιν, Polybius 4,50, 10; οὐχ οὕτω τήν δύναμιν, ὡς τήν ὑπόστασιν αὐτοῦ καί τολμᾶν καταπεπληγμενων τῶν ἐναντίων, id. 6,55, 2; add, Diodorus 16,32 f; Josephus, Antiquities 18,1, 6); confidence, firm trust, assurance: 2 Corinthians 9:4; 2 Corinthians 11:17; Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 11:1 (for תִּקְוָה, Ruth 1:12; Ezekiel 19:5; for תּוחֶלֶת, Psalm 38:8 (Psalm 39:8>)). Cf. Bleek, Br. an d. Hebrew ii. 1, pp. 60ff, 462ff; Schlatter, Glaube im N. T., p. 581.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";loving warmly"; (Rom. 12:10) : cf. Vett. Val. p. 76.27 τοὺς μὲν γὰρ εὐνουστέρους καὶ φιλοστοργοτέρους θανάτῳ χωρί ζουσι. The subst. φιλοστοργία is common in Wills, where bequests are made κατὰ φιλοστοργίαν, see e.g. P Oxy III.490.4 (A.D. 124), 492.6 (A.D. 130). Other exx. of the subst. are P Tebt II. 408.7 (A.D. 3) τῆι φιλοστοργίᾳ τῶν περί Σωτήριχον, ";out of their regard for Soterichus and his people"; (Edd.), P Oxy III. 495.12 (A.D. 181–9) μητρικῇ φιλοστοργίᾳ, P Flor III. 338.11 (iii/A.D.) καὶ νῦν τάχα ἡ σὴ σπυδὴ καὶ φιλοστοργεία κατανεικήσῃ τὴν ἐμὴν ̣ . ἀκαιρείαν, and Chrest. II. 361.16 (A.D. 360) ἐνέδειξών (l. ἐνέδειξάν) μοι εὔνοιαν καὶ φιλοστοργείαν.

For the adverb cf. OGIS 257.4 (B.C. 109) σοῦ ἐμνμονεύο μεν [φιλοστ ]όργως and Preisigke 5294.9 (A.D. 235) ε [ ]νοίως καὶ φιλοστόργ [ως. A good ex. of the verb occurs in Syll.3 1267.23 (ij/iii A.D.) (=Deissmann. LAE2, p. 140) ἐγὼ ὑπὸ τέκνων γονεῖς φιλοστοργεῖσθαι ἐνομοθέτησα —an Isis inscr. from Ios.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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υποστασει υποστάσει ὑποστάσει υποστασεως υποστάσεως ὑποστάσεως υπόστασιν υποστασις υπόστασις υπόστασίς ὑπόστασις hypostasei hypostásei hypostaseos hypostaseōs hypostáseos hypostáseōs hypostasis hypóstasis upostasei upostaseos upostaseōs upostasis
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