ver. 2.0.14.09.17
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5368 - φιλέω

Transliteration:
philéō
Phonetics:
fil-eh'-o  
Word Origin:
from (5384)
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
9:114,1262
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to love
    1. to approve of
    2. to like
    3. sanction
    4. to treat affectionately or kindly, to welcome, befriend
  2. to show signs of love
    1. to kiss
  3. to be fond of doing
    1. be wont, use to do
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');   5401 ‑ נָשַׁק (naw‑shak');   7453 ‑ רֵיעַ (ray'‑ah, ray'‑ah);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῐλέω,

Aeol. φίλημμι Sapph. 79, cf. Ead. Oxy. 1787 Fr. 1 + 2.24; 2 sg. φίλησθα Ead.22; late 3 pl. φίλεισι Epigr.Gr. 990.12 (Balbill.): Boeot. φίλειμι Hdn.Gr. 2.930: inf. φιλήμεναι Il. 22.265: Ion. and impf. φιλέεσκε 3.388, al.: fut. φιλήσω, inf. φιλησέμεν Od. 4.171: aor. 1 ἐφίλησα Pi. P. 2.16, etc.: pf. πεφίληκα ib. 1.13: Med., Poet. 1 aor. ἐφῑλάμην; 3 sg. ἐφίλατο, φίλατο, Il. 5.61, 20.304, Call. Aet.Oxy. 2080.55; 3 pl. φίλαντο Lyc. 274; imper. φῖλαι Il. 5.117, 10.280; subj. φίλωνται h.Cer. 117, Hes. Th. 97; but φίλατο as Pass., A.R. 3.66; also part. φιλάμενος IG 14.1549 (Rome): Pass., fut. Med. φιλήσομαι in pass. sense, Od. 1.123, 15.281, Antipho 1.19: fut. 3 πεφιλήσομαι Call. Del. 270: aor. ἐφιλήθην E. Hec. 1000, Pl. Phdr. 253c: Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἐφίληθεν Il. 2.668: pf. πεφίλημαι Pi. N. 4.45, X. An. 1.9.28; Dor. part. πεφιλᾱμένος Theoc. 3.3. [ exceptin the forms ἐφίλατο, φῑλατο, etc.]: (φίλος):

love, regard with affection, opp. μισεῖν, Pl. R. 334c, Arist. Rh. 1380b34; φιλήσω τὸν δῆμον τὸν Ἀθηναίων IG 12.15.36; (on its relation to sexual love v. infr. 3); of the love of gods for men, φ. δέ ἑ μητίετα Ζεύς Il. 2.197; πέρι γάρ μ' ἐφίλει (of the love of the master for his swineherd) Od. 14.146; (also ὃν περὶ κῆρι φ. Ζεὺς.. παντοίην φιλότητα Od. 15.245, cf. Il. 9.117); μάλα τούς γε φ. ἑκάεργος Ἀπόλλων Il. 16.94; εἰ.. Ἕκτορά περ φιλέεις καὶ κήδεαι αὐτοῦ 7.204, etc.; of love for a child reared, Od. 15.370; αἰ δὲ μὴ φίλει, ταχέως φιλήσει κωὐκὶ θέλοισα Sapph. 1.23; λόγοις φιλοῦσαν οὐ στέργω φίλην S. Ant. 543; φιλέων φιλέοντα Pi. P. 10.66; ὃν δ' ἐχρῆν φιλεῖν στυγεῖς A. Ch. 907; μάλιστά σ'.. ἤχθηρα κἀφίλησ' ἐν ἡμέρᾳ μιᾷ S. El. 1363; ὃν οἱ θεοὶ φιλοῦσιν ἀποθνῄσκει νέος Men. 125; ὅσα θεοὶ ἀνθρώποις οὓς φιλοῦσιν [διδόασιν ] SIG 985.48 (Philadelphia, i B. C.); οἱ φιλοῦντές τινα his friends, freq. in messages and letters, OGI 184.10 (Philae, i B. C.), Titus 3:15, PSI 8.971.30 (iii/iv A. D.), etc.; φιλεῖν ἐμαυτήν, αὑτόν, E. Hel. 999, Med. 86, etc.: Pass., to be beloved by one, ἐκ Διός Il. 2.668; παρ' αὐτῇ 13.627, etc.; τινι E. Hec. 1000.

2. treat affectionately or kindly, esp. welcome, entertain a guest, Od. 4.29, 5.135, Il. 3.207, etc.; φίλος δ' ἦν ἀνθρώποισιν, πάντας γὰρ φιλέεσκεν ὁδῷ ἔπι οἰκία ναίων Il. 6.15; ξεῖνον ἐνὶ μεγάροισι φ. Od. 8.42; ξεῖνον ἄγων ἐν δώμασι.. φιλέειν καὶ τιέμεν 15.543, cf. 14.322; θεὸς (i. e. Calypso) ἥ με.. ἐφίλει τε καὶ ἔτρεφεν 7.256; τίς ἂν φιλέοντι μάχοιτο; who would quarrel with a kind host? 8.208; etc.: Pass., παρ' ἄμμι φιλήσεαι welcome shalt thou be in our house, Od. 1.123, cf. 15.281.

3. opp. ἐρᾶν, τούτους μάλιστά φασι φιλεῖν ὧν ἂν ἐρῶσι regard with affection those for whom they have a passion, Pl. Phdr. 231c; ὥστε οὐ μόνον φιλοῖο ἄν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐρῷο ὑπ' ἀνθρώπων X. Hier. 11.11, cf. Smp. 8.21; εἰκ[] τὸ φιλεῖν τοὺς ἐρωμένους Arist. APr. 70a6; but φ. is used of lovers, ἥ γ' Εὐρυμάχῳ μισγέσκετο καὶ φιλέεσκεν Od. 18.325; Λυσίθεος Μικίωνα φιλῖν φησι μάλισστα τῶν ἐν τῇ πόλει IG 12.924; οὐκ ἔστ' ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ E. Tr. 1051, cf. Hdt. 4.176 (Pass.), Ar. Lys. 905; of the love of man for wife, ὅς τις ἀνὴρ ἀγαθὸς.. τὴν αὐτοῦ φιλέει (cherishes her) καὶ κήδεται ὡς καὶ ἐγὼ τὴν ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον Il. 9.343, cf. 486; τὴν αὐτὸς φιλέεσκεν loved and cherished as his wife, ib. 450; but ἐμὲ.. ἀτιμάζει, φιλέει δ' ἀΐδηλον Ἄρηα (Hephaestus speaks of Aphrodite) Od. 8.309: Com., ὦ Δῆμ', ἐραστής εἰμι σὸς φιλῶ τέ σε καὶ κήδομαί σου Ar. Eq. 1341. of sexual intercourse, Hsch. s.v. βαίνειν.

4. show outward signs of love, esp. kiss (not in Hom.), φ. τοῖσι στόμασι kiss on the mouth, opp. τὰς παρειὰς φιλέονται, Hdt. 1.134, cf. X. Cyr. 1.4.27, Smp. 9.5; κατὰ τὸ στόμα AP 5.284 (Agath.); φιλήσω.. τὸ σὸν κάρα S. OC 1131; πατέρα.. περὶ χεῖρε βαλοῦσα φιλήσει A. Ag. 1559 (anap.), cf. Ar. Av. 671, 674, Pl. Phdr. 255e, Mark 14:44, etc.: c. dupl. acc., τὸ φίλαμα, τὸ.. τὸν Ἄδωνιν.. ἀποθνάσκοντα φίλασεν the kiss wherewith she kissed him, Mosch. 3.69: Med., τὰς παρειάς kiss each other's cheeks, Hdt.l.c.

5. of things as objects of love, like, approve, σχέτλια ἔργα Od. 14.83; ἀοιδάν Pi. N. 3.7; οὔθ' ἱστῶν ἐφίλησεν ὁδοὺς οὔτε δείπνων.. τέρψιας P. 9.18, etc.; αἰσχροκέρδειαν S. Ant. 1056, cf. 312; τὰς λευκοτάτας [μάζας ] Telecl. 1.6 (anap.); Πράμνιον οἶνον Ephipp. 28.

6. of things as the subject, ἡσυχία δὲ φιλεῖ συμπόσιον Pi. N. 9.48; [μίτρη] μαστοὺς ἐφίλησε Call. Epigr. 39.

7. in making a request, οἶσθ' ὁτιὴ φιλῶ σ' ἐγώ, κἀμοὶ πιθόμενος ὑπαποκίνει τῆς ὁδοῦ Ar. Av. 1010; so τί πράσσει Φηλικίων ὁ ἀγαθός; φιλῶ σε pray, how goes it with the worthy Felicio? Arr. Epict. 1.19.20; so perh. in Herod. 1.66, πείσθητί μευ, φιλέω σε (but rather 'I speak as a true friend').

II after Hom., c. inf., love to do, be fond of doing, and so to be wont or used to do, φιλέει ὁ θεὸς τὰ ὑπερέχοντα κολούειν Hdt. 7.10. έ; ἢν ἁμάρτωσι τοῦ πατρικοῦ τύπου.. φιλέουσι διαφθείρεσθαι Democr. 228; Μοῖσα μεμνᾶσθαι φ. Pi. N. 1.12, cf. P. 3.18; φιλεῖ δὲ τίκτειν ὕβρις.. ὕβριν A. Ag. 763 (lyr.); τοῖς θανοῦσί τοι φιλοῦσι πάντες κειμένοις ἐπεγγελᾶν S. Aj. 989, etc.; rarely with part. for inf., φιλεῖς δὲ δρῶσ' αὐτὸ σφόδρα Ar. Pl. 645.

2. of things, events, etc., αὔρη ἀπὸ ψυχροῦ τινος φιλέει πνέειν Hdt. 2.27; φιλεῖ ὠδῖνα τίκτειν νύξ A. Supp. 769; ἐμπόρων ἔπη φ. πλανᾶσθαι S. OC 304; φιλεῖ γάρ πως τὰ τοιαῦθ' ἑτέρᾳ τρέπεσθαι Ar. Nu. 813 (lyr.); φιλεῖ μεγάλα στρατόπεδα ἐκπλήγνυσθαι Th. 4.125; ὃ δὴ φ. ὁ ἔρως ἐμποιεῖν Pl. Smp. 182c: esp. with γίγνεσθαι of what usually happens, ἀπὸ πείρης πάντα ἀνθρώποισι φιλέει γίνεσθαι everything comes to man by experience, Hdt. 7.9. γ, cf. 7.10. ζ, 7.50, Th. 3.42, Isoc. 6.104, Pl. R. 494c, al.; οἷα φ. γίγνεσθαι Th. 7.79, cf. Hdt. 8.128; without γίγνεσθαι, οἷα δὴ φιλεῖ as is wont, Pl. R. 467b; ὁποῖα φ. Luc. Amos 9:1-15.

3. impers., φιλέει δέ κως προσημαίνειν (sc. ὁ θεός), εὖτ' ἂν.. Hdt. 6.27; ὡς δὴ φιλεῖ.. λόγον ἔχειν ἀνθρώπους as it is usual for.., Plu. Pomp. 73.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (25)NAS (25)HCS (25)
Matthew4
Mark1
Luke2
John10
1 Corinthians1
Titus1
Revelation2
Matthew4
Mark1
Luke2
John10
1 Corinthians1
Titus1
Revelation2
Matthew5
Mark1
Luke2
John13
1 Corinthians1
Titus1
Revelation2
List of Word Forms
εφιλει εφίλει ἐφίλει εφίλησα εφίλησε εφίλησεν πεφιληκατε πεφιλήκατε φιλει φιλεί φιλεῖ φιλεις φιλείς φιλεῖς φιλησαι φιλήσαι φιλῆσαι φιλησάτω φίλησόν φιλήσουσιν φιλησω φιλήσω φιλούμενος φιλουντας φιλούντας φιλοῦντας φιλούντες φιλούντος φιλουντων φιλούντων φιλούσι φιλούσί φιλουσιν φιλούσιν φιλοῦσιν φιλω φιλώ φιλῶ φιλων φιλών φιλῶν ephilei ephílei pephilekate pephilēkate pephilḗkate philei phileî phileis phileîs philesai philêsai philēsai philē̂sai phileso philēsō philḗso philḗsō philo philô philō philō̂ philon philôn philōn philō̂n philountas philoûntas philounton philountōn philoúnton philoúntōn philousin philoûsin
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