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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5409 - φορέω

Word Origin:
from (5411)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to bear constantly, wear
    1. of clothing, garments, armour
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3254 ‑ יָסַף (yaw‑saf');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


subj. 3 sg. φορέῃσι Od. 5.328, 9.10; inf. φορῆναι (as if from Φόρημι) Il. 2.107, 7.149, Od. 17.224; φορήμεναι Il. 15.310: impf. ἐφόρεο[]ν Od. 22.456, 3 sg. ἐφόρει Il. 4.137; Ion. φορέεσκον 2.770, 13.372: fut. φορήσω Scol. 9 (cf. Ar. Lys. 632), X. Vect. 4.32; later φορέσω LXX Proverbs 16:23 : aor. ἐφόρησα IG 42(1).121.95 (Epid., iv B. C.), Call. Dian. 213, φόρησα Il. 19.11, (δια-, ἐκ-) Isa 6.43, 42; later ἐφόρεσα LXX Si. 11.5, f.l. in Isa 4.7, Aristid. Or. 48(24).80, Sammelb. 7247.33 (iii/iv A. D.): Med., fut. φορήσομαι Hsch.; in pass. sense, Plu. 2.398d: aor. ἐφορησάμην (ἐξ-) Isa 6.39: Pass., Aeol. pres. φορήμεθα Alc. 18.4: aor. ἐφορήθην (ἐν-) Plu. 2.703b: pf. πεφόρημαι Pl. Ti. 52a; plpf. πεφόρητο Orph. A. 816: Frequentat. of φέρω, implying repeated or habitual action, ἵπποι οἳ φορέεσκον ἀμύμονα Πηλεΐωνα Il. 2.770, cf. 10.323; τά τε νῆες φορέουσι Od. 2.390; of a slave, ὕδωρ ἐφόρει 10.358, cf. Il. 6.457; μέθυ οἰνοχόος φ. Od. 9.10; θαλλὸν ἐρίφοισι φ. 17.224; of the wind, bear to and fro, bear along, ἄνεμος ἄχνας φορέει Il. 5.499, cf. 21.337, Od. 5.328; σώματα.. κύμαθ' ἁλὸς.. φορέουσι 12.68; τόφρα δέ μ' αἰεὶ κῦμα φ. 6.171; so ἀγγελίας ἐφόρεε conveyed messages habitually, served as a messenger. Hdt. 3.34 (nisi leg. ἐσεφόρεε) ; φ. θρεπτήρια, of Oedipus carrying about food in a wallet, like a beggar, S. OC 1262; λόγχαν ἔτη ἐφόρησε ἓξ ἐν τᾷ γνάθῳ IG 42(1).121.95 (Epid.. iv B. C.): abs., ἐγ γαστρὶ ἐφόρει τρία ἔτη was pregnant, ib. 14: Pass., v. infr.11.

2. most commonly of clothes, armour, and the like, bear constantly, wear, [ σκῆπτρον] ἐν παλάμῃς φ. δικασπόλοι Il. 1.238; μίτρης ἣν ἐφόρει 4.137; θώρηξ χάλκεος, ὃν φορέεσκε 13.372, cf. Od. 15.127, Hdt. 1.71, etc.; φ. ἐσθήματα S. El. 269; στολάς Id. OC 1357; ζεῦγος ἐμβάδων Ar. Eq. 872; ἱμάτιον Id. Pl. 991, Pl. Tht. 197b; δακτύλιον Ar. Pl. 883.

3. of features, qualities, etc., of mind or body, possess, hold, bear, ἀγλαΐας φ. to be pompous or splendid, Od. 17.245; φ. ὄνομα S. Fr. 658; ἦθος Id. Ant. 705; δόξαν Arch.Pap. 1.220 (ii B. C.); ἕνα γομφίον μόνον φ. Ar. Pl. 1059; γλῶτταν Pl.Com. 51; ἀπόνοιαν φορεῖς you are mad, PGrenf. 1.53.15 (iv A. D.); with gen. or adj. added, σκέλεα φ. γεράνου Hdt. 2.76; ἰσχυρὰς φ. τὰς κεφαλάς Id. 3.12, cf. 101; ποδώκη τὸν τρόπον φ. Trag.Adesp. 519; γένειον διηλιφὲς φ. S. Fr. 564; ὑπόπτερον δέμας φ. E. Hel. 619; λῆμα θούριον φ. Ar. Eq. 757; ῥύγχος φ. ὕειον Anaxil. 11; καλάμινα σκέλη φ. Pl. Com.184; ὥσπερ σέλινον οὖλα τὰ σκέλη φ. Com.Adesp. 208; τὸ στόμ' ὡς κομψὸν φ. Alex. 98.21 (troch.).

4. bear, suffer, Phld. Lib. pp.59,62 O. (dub. l. in both), Plu. 2.692d, Opp. C. 1.298.

5. of Time, extend, last, ἃ φορεῖ ἐπὶ ἡμέρας δεκαπέντε dub. sens. in PFlor. 384.54 (v A. D.).

II Pass., to be borne along, ἐν ῥοθίοις A. Th. 362 (lyr.); φορούμενος πρὸς οὖδας S. El. 752; κόνις δ' ἄνω φορεῖθ' ib. 715; ἄνω τε καὶ κάτω φ. E. Supp. 689; πολλοῖς διαύλοις κυμάτων φ. Id. Hec. 29, cf. Plu. 2.398d; πεφορημένον ἀεί always in motion, Pl. Ti. 52a: hence, to be storm-tossed, νᾶϊ φορήμεθα σὺν μελαίνᾳ Alc. 18.4, cf. Ar. Pax 144; ποσσὶ φ. Theoc. 1.83, cf. Bion 1.23: metaph., δόξαις φορεῖται τοπαζόμενα Pl. Epin. 976a.

2. to be carried away, Th. 2.76; simply, to be shifted, Dam. Pr. 293.

III Med., fetch for oneself, fetch regularly, E. El. 309; λευκανίηνδε φορεύμενος putting food into one's mouth, A.R. 2.192.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 φορέω, φορῶ; future φορέσω ( 1 Corinthians 15:49 R G WH marginal reading); 1aorist ἐφορεσα (later forms for the earlier φορήσω and ἐφόρησα, cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii. 315; Kühner (and especially Veitch) under the word; Winer s Grammar, § 13,3{c}; (Buttmann, 37 (32))); (frequent. of φέρω, and differing from it by denoting not the simple and transient act of bearing, but a continuous or habitual bearing; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 585f; Hermann on Sophocles Electr. 715; ( Trench, § lviii.; Schmidt, chapter 105,6); accordingly, ἀγγελιην φέρειν means 'to carry a (single) message', Herodotus 3,53,122; ἀγγελιην φορηιν, 'to serve as (fill the office of) a messenger', Herodotus 3,34; hence, we are said φόρειν those things which we carry about with us or wear, as e. g. our clothing); from Homer down; to bear constantly, wear: of clothing, garments, armor, etc., Matthew 11:8; John 19:5; Romans 13:4 (on this last passage, see μάχαιρα, 2); 1 Corinthians 15:49 (see above, and WH. Introductory § 404); James 2:3 ( Sirach 11:5 Sirach 40:4).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φορέω , - ,

[in LXX: (H3254 hi.), , al.;]

frequent. of φέρω , denoting repeated or habitual action (cf. Tr., Syn., § lviii), most commonly used of clothing, weapons, etc., to bear constantly, wear: , , , , .





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

χιτών, ";a tunic,"; ";an undergarment,"; as distinguished from ἱμάτιον (q.v.) : cf. Preisigke 6717.9 (B.C. 258 or 257) χιτῶνα καὶ ἱμάτιον, PSI I. 64.10 (i/B.C.?) ἱμάτιον ταλάντων πέντε χιτῶνα [δὲ or τε ? δραχμῶν ] τετρακισχιλίων ἑξακοσίων, and Musonius p. 107.7.

The form χιτών, which occurs throughout in the NT, may be seen further in Preisigke 6783.4 (B.C. 257) χιτὼν βύ [σσινος, and P Oxy I. 114.6 (ii/iii A.D.) χιτὼν καὶ μαφόρτιν λευκόν, ";a tunic and a white veil."; For other forms, which are frequent in the Κοινή, we may note the Ionic κιτών, as in Mar. 14:63 B* (cf. Proleg. p. 38), in BGU I. 22.16 (A.D. 114) (= Selections, p. 75) περιέσχισέ μοι τὸν κιτῶνα καὶ τὸ πάλλιον, ";she stripped off my tunic and mantle,"; P Oxy I. 113.8 (ii/A.D.) ὁ κιτὼν ὑφανθῆναι μέλλει, ";the tunic is to be woven immediately,"; ib. X. 1269.30 (early ii/A.D.), cited s.v. ὑποτίθημι, and P Fay 108.17, .21 (c. A.D. 171) : κίθων in P Oxy II. 298.11 (i/A.D.) ἰς κιθῶ (να), P Giss I. 77.6 (ii/A.D.) ἔπεμ [ψ ]ας μοι τὸν κιθῶναν, and P Ryl II. 440.9 (iii/A.D.) πέμψον μοι τὸν τριβακὸν κιθῶνα : the dim. κιτώνιον in P Tebt II, 421.5 (iii/A.D.) τὸ κιτώνιον αὐτῆς τὸ λευκὸν παρὰ σοὶ ἔνιγκο ̣ν ̣ (l. ἔνεγκον), ";bring the white tunic of hers that you have"; : and the dim. κιθώνιον in P Oxy X. 1310 (iii/A.D.) κιθώνιον ἀργέντιον καὶ μαφόρτιον, and ib. XII. 1489.2, .8 (late iii/A.D.).

The word was formerly regarded as of Semitic origin, but is now traced to Asia Minor : see Wilcken UPZ i. p. 390, n.1.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6)NAS (6)HCS (6)
1 Corinthians1
1 Corinthians1
1 Corinthians2
List of Word Forms
εφορεσαμεν εφορέσαμεν ἐφορέσαμεν φορει φορεί φορεῖ φορέσει φορεσόμεν φορέσομεν φορεσωμεν φορέσωμεν φορθομμιν φορολογητοί φορολόγος φορολόγου φορολόγω φορουντα φορούντα φοροῦντα φορουντες φορούντες φοροῦντες φορων φορών φορῶν ephoresamen ephorésamen phorei phoreî phoresomen phorésomen phoron phorôn phorōn phorō̂n phorounta phoroûnta phorountes phoroûntes

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