ver. 2.0.15.08.28
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5463 - χαίρω

Transliteration:
chaírō
Phonetics:
khah'ee-ro  
Word Origin:
a primary verb
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
9:359,1298
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to rejoice, be glad
  2. to rejoice exceedingly
  3. to be well, thrive
  4. in salutations, hail!
  5. at the beginning of letters: to give one greeting, salute
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');   1523 ‑ גּוּל (gheel, gool);   3190 ‑ יָטַב (yaw‑tab');   5937 ‑ עָלַז (aw‑laz');   7442 ‑ רָנַן (raw‑nan');   7797 ‑ שִׂישׂ (soos, sece);   7965 ‑ שָׁלֹם (shaw‑lome', shaw‑lome');   8055 ‑ שָׂמַח (saw‑makh');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χαίρω, Il. 7.191, etc.; 3 pl. imper. χαιρόντων E. HF 575: impf., χαῖρον Il. 14.156, Ion. χαίρεσκον 18.259: fut. χαιρήσω 20.363, Hdt. 1.128, Ar. Pl. 64, And. 1.101, Arr. An. 5.20.6; redupl. inf. κεχᾰρησέμεν Il. 15.98; later χᾰρῶ v.l. in Revelation 11:10 : aor. ἐχαίρησα Plu. Luc. 25: pf. κεχάρηκα Ar. V. 764, part. -ηκώς Hdt. 3.42, etc., acc. κεχᾰρηότα, pl. -ότας, Il. 7.312, Hes. Fr. 77: Med. (in same sense), χαίρομαι, noted as a barbarism in Ar. Pax 291 (v. Sch.), but found in BCH 36.622 (Perinthus, written χέρ-), Alex.Aphr. Proverbs 1:20, al.: fut. χᾰρήσομαι Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 24, (συγ-) Plb. 30.18.1, D.S. 31.15; Dor. χαρησοῦμαι Pythag. Ephesians 3:7; χᾰροῦμαι LXXZa.4.10, (κατα-) ib. Proverbs 1:26; κεχᾰρήσομαι Od. 23.266: aor. 1 part. χαιρησάμενος BGU 742 ii 3 (ii A. D.): aor.1 χήρατο Il. 14.270; ἐχ- Opp. C. 1.509, etc.; part. χηράμενος AP 7.198 (Leon.): redupl. aor. 2, 3 pl. κεχάροντο Il. 16.600 (χάροντο Q.S. 6.315); opt. 3 sg. and pl. κεχάροιτο, -οίατο, Od. 2.249, Il. 1.256: Pass. (in same sense), aor. 2 ἐχάρην [] 7.54, etc., Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. χάρη 5.682, 13.609; subj. χᾰρῇς Pl. R. 606c; opt. χᾰρείη Il. 6.481; inf. χᾰρῆναι Simon. 164; part. χᾰρείς Il. 10.541, Sapph. 118, Pi. I. 6(5).10, Ar. Th. 981 (lyr.), etc.; pf. κεχάρημαι h.Bacch. 7.10, E. IA 200 (lyr.), Ar. V. 389 (anap.); part. κεχαρμένος E. Or. 1122, Tr. 529 (lyr.), Cyc. 367 (lyr.): plpf. 3 sg. and pl. κεχάρητο, -ηντο, Hes. Sc. 65, h.Cer. 458: rejoice, be glad, Il. 3.111, 21.347, etc.; γραῦς ἥδε οἰνοφόρος κεχαρημένη ὧδε κάθηται IG 12(8).679 (Scyros, ii B. C.): χ. θυμῷ Il. 7.191, al.; ἐν θυμῷ 24.491, Od. 22.411; φρεσὶν ᾗσι Il. 13.609; φρένα 6.481; χ. νόῳ to rejoice in wardly, Od. 8.78; χαίρει δέ μοι ἦτορ Il. 23.647; αὐτὰρ ἐμὸν κῆρ χ. Od. 4.260; χ. καὶ γελᾶν S. El. 1300; ἥδομαι καὶ χαίρομαι κεὐφραίνομαι Ar. Pax 291; opp. λυπεῖσθαι, A. Fr. 266.3, S. Aj. 555, etc.; opp. ἀλγεῖν, Id. Tr. 1119.

Constr.,

1 c. dat. rei, rejoice at, take pleasure in a thing, νίκῃ Il. 7.312; φήμῃ Od. 2.35; δώρῳ Hes. Op. 358; μόλπᾳ Sapph. Supp. 25.5, cf. S. OT 1070, Pl. Mx. 238d, etc.: c. dat. pers., χαῖρε.. ἀνδρὶ δικαίῳ Od. 3.52; with a part. added, χάρη δ' ἄρα οἱ προσιόντι Il. 5.682, cf. 24.706, Od. 19.463: with Preps., χαίρειν ἐπί τινι S. Fr. 926, X. Mem. 2.6.35, Cyr. 8.4.12, Isoc. 2.30, Pl. Lg. 739d, etc.; πρὸς τοῖς παιδικοῖς Eup. 327; with a part. added, ἐπ' ἐξεργασμένοις κακοῖσι χ. E. Ba. 1040, cf. 1033: rarely ἔν τινι A. Eu. 996 (lyr.), S. Tr. 1119: also c. dat. modi, χ. γέλωτι express one's joy by laughter, X. Cyr. 8.1.33. of a plant, χαίρει ὑφάμμοις χωρίοις Thphr. HP 6.5.2; also ἡ κύστις χ. τῇ χολῇ Gal. 19.646.

2. rarely c. acc., with a part. added, χαίρω δέ σ' εὐτυχοῦντα E. Rh. 390; τοὺς γὰρ εὐσεβεῖς θεοὶ θνῄσκοντας οὐ χ. Id. Hipp. 1340; χαίρω σ' [ἐλθόντα ] Id. Fr. 673 (this usage is said to be Oropian, EM 808.4). with a neut. Adj., ταὐτὰ λυπεῖσθαι καὶ ταὐτὰ χαίρειν τοῖς πολλοῖς D. 18.292: c. acc. cogn., ἁπλῆν χαίρειν ἡδονήν Arist. EN 1154b26; χ. ἀνδραπόδων τινὰ χαράν Plu. 2.1091e.

3. c. part., χαίρω.. τὸν μῦθον ἀκούσας I rejoice at having heard, am glad to hear, Il. 19.185, cf. 7.54, 11.73; χαίρουσιν βίοτον νήποινον ἔδοντες Od. 14.377, cf. 12.380, Hes. Op. 55; χαίρω.. κόμπον ἱείς Pi. N. 8.49; χαίρεις ὁρῶν φῶς, πατέρα δ' οὐ χαίρειν δοκεῖς; E. Alc. 691; χαίρω φειδόμενος Ar. Pl. 247; θωπευόμενος χαίρεις Id. Eq. 1116 (lyr.), cf. Pl. Smp. 191e, etc. c. part. pres., delight in doing, to be wont to do, χρεώμενοι χαίρουσι Hdt. 7.236, cf. S. Ph. 449, Ar. V. 764, Pl. Prt. 318d, 346c, 358a.

4. χαίρειν ὅττι or ὅτι.., Od. 14.51, 526, Pi. N. 5.46; ἐχάρην καὶ ἐθρασυνάμην ὅτι ἔμαθον.. Metrod. Fr. 42; χ. οὕνεκα.. Od. 8.200.

II with negat., esp. with fut., οὐ χαιρήσεις thou wilt or shalt not rejoice, i.e. thou shalt not go unpunished, shalt repent it, Ar. Pl. 64; οὐ χαιρήσετον Id. Eq. 235; so οὐδέ τιν' οἴω Τρώων χαιρήσειν Il. 20.363, cf. 15.98, Od. 2.249, Ar. V. 186; ἀλλ' οὐδ' ὣς Κῦρός γε χαιρήσει Hdt. 1.128; with an interrog., σὺ.. χαιρήσειν νομίζεις; Plu. Alex. 51: rarely with other tenses, ὅπως ἂν μὴ χαίρωσιν. D. 19.299; οὐκ ἐχαίρησεν Plu. Luc. 25: for a similar use of the part., v. infr. IV. 2. III freq. in imper. χαῖρε, dual χαίρετον, pl. χαίρετε, as a form of greeting, 1 at meeting, hail, welcome (esp. in the morning, acc. to D.C. 69.18, cf. Luc. Laps.), Il. 9.197, Od. 13.229, etc.; χαῖρε, ξεῖνε, παρ' ἄμμι φιλήσεαι 1.123; strengthd., οὖλέ τε, καὶ μάλα χαῖρε, θεοὶ δέ τοι ὄλβια δοῖεν 24.402; χαῖρέ μοι Il. 23.19, cf. S. OC 1137; repeated, A. Eu. 996, 1014 (both lyr.), S. Aj. 91, etc.; χαῖρ' ὡς μέγιστα, χαῖρε Id. Ph. 462; in greeting one's native land, the sun, etc., A. Ag. 508, 22, S. Ph. 1453 (anap.). sts. implied in the use of χαίρω, κῆρυξ Ἀχαιῶν, χαῖρε.. Answ. χαίρω I accept the greeting, A. Ag. 538; νῦν πᾶσι χαίρω, νῦν με πᾶς ἀσπάζεται I hear the word χαῖρε from all, S. OT 596: so in inf., τὸ χαίρειν dub. l. in Pl. Chrm. 164e; χαίρειν δὲ τὸν κήρυκα προὐννέπω I bid him welcome, S. Tr. 227; προσειπών τινα χ. οὐκ ἀντιπροσερρήθη X. Mem. 3.13.1; but χαίρειν τἄλλ' ἐγώ σ' ἐφίεμαι I bid thee have thy pleasure, S. Aj. 112. inf. alone at the beginning of letters, Κῦρος Κυαζάρῃ χαίρειν (sc. λέγει) X. Cyr. 4.5.27, cf. Theoc. 14.1; used by Alexander the Great to Phocion as a mark of respect, Duris 51J.

2. at leavetaking, fare-thee-well, Od. 5.205, 13.59, 15.151; χαῖρε πόλλ' ὦδελφέ Ar. Ra. 164; pl., χαίρετε πολλάκι Theoc. 1.144; freq. put into the mouth of the dying, S. Aj. 863, Tr. 921, Pl. Phd. 116d, etc.: hence in sepulchral inscriptions, IG 7.203, etc. hence, imper. χαιρέτω, χαιρόντων, have done with.., away with.., εἴτ' ἐγένετο ἄνθρωπος εἴτ' ἐστὶ δαίμων, χαιρέτω Hdt. 4.96; χαιρέτω βουλεύματα τὰ πρόσθεν E. Med. 1044, χαιρόντων πόνοι Id. HF 575; cf. Pl. Smp. 199a, Lg. 636d, 886d. ἐᾶν χαίρειν τινά or τι dismiss from one's mind, put away, renounce, Hdt. 6.23, 9.41, Ar. Pl. 1187, Pl. Phd. 63e, Prt. 348a, X. An. 7.3.23, etc.; συχνὰ χ. ἐᾶν τινα Pl. Phlb. 59b; ἐλευθερίαν μακρὰ χ. ἐᾶν Luc. Apol. 3; μακρὰ χ. εἰποῦσα Ael. VH 12.1; πόλλα μοι τὰν Πωλυανάκτιδα παῖδα χαίρην Sapph. 86; τὴν Κύπριν πόλλ' ἐγὼ χαίρειν λέγω E. Hipp. 113, cf. 1059, Pl. Tht. 188a; χ. κελεύων πολλὰ τοὺς Ἀχαρνέας Ar. Ach. 200; εἰπεῖν χαίρειν τινά Ath.Mitt. 56.131 (Milet., Hellenistic), cf. Luc. Dem.Enc. 50; χαίρειν προσαγορεύειν Ar. Pl. 322 (metaph. in Pl. Lg. 771a); χαίρειν προσειπεῖν Eup. 308: less freq. c. dat. pers. (never with ἐᾶν χ.), πολλὰ χαίρειν ξυμφοραῖς καταξιῶ A. Ag. 572 (nisi leg. ξυμφοράς) ; φράσαι.. χαίρειν Ἀθηναίοισι Ar. Nu. 609 (troch.); πολλὰ εἰπόντα χ. τῷ ἀληθεῖ Pl. Phdr. 272e, cf. Phd. 64c, R. 406d, X. HG 4.1.31 (codd., fort. ἀλλήλους), Jul. ad Them. 255a.

3. on other occasions, as in comforting, be of good cheer, Od. 8.408;

at meals, 4.60, 18.122; χαῖρε, γύναι, φιλότητι good luck be on our union, 11.248; εὐχωλῇς χαίρετε 13.358: χαῖρε ἀοιδῇ h.Hom. 9.7. part. χαίρων glad, joyful, Il. 1.446, etc.; χαίροντα φίλην ἐς πατρίδ' ἔπεμπον εἰς Ἰθάκην Od. 19.461; χαίροντι φέρειν.. χαίρων 17.83; λυπούμενοι καὶ χαίροντες in sorrow and in joy, Arist. Rh. 1356a16: also pf. part. κεχαρηκώς Hdt. 3.27, 42, etc.

2. joined with another Verb, safe and sound, with impunity, χαίροντα ἀπαλλάσσειν ib. 69, cf. 9.106, D. 24.153; more freq. with a neg., οὐ χαίρων to one's cost, οὐ χαίροντες γέλωτα ἐμὲ θήσεσθε Hdt. 3.29; οὔ τι χαίρων.. ἐρεῖς S. OT 363, cf. Ant. 759, Ph. 1299, E. Med. 398, Ar. Ach. 563, Pl. Grg. 510d; οὐ γὰπ.. χαίρων τις.. τοὐμὸν ἀλγυνεῖ κέαρ Eup. 90; οὔτε χαίροντες ἂν ἀπαλλάζαιτε X. An. 5.6.32; also οὔτι χαιρήσων γε σύ Ar. V. 186; cf. supr. 11.

3. in the same sense as imper. (supr. 111), σὺ δέ μοι χαίρων ἀφίκοιο fare -thee- well, and may'st thou arrive, Od. 15.128, cf. Theoc. 2.163; χαίροισ' ἔρχεο go thy way rejoicing, Sapph. Supp. 23.7; ἀλλ' ἑρπέτω χαίρουσα let her go with a benison, S. Tr. 819; χαίρων ἴθι fare -thee- well, E. Alc. 813, Ph. 921; χαίρουσα.. στεῖχε Id. Hipp. 1440.

4. τὸ χαῖρον τῆς ψυχῆς Plu. 2.136c, 1089e. Astrol., of a planet, occupy the position appropriate to another of its own αἵρεσις, Serapio in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).230, Ptol. Tetr. 51, Vett.Val. 63.6, Man. 2.348. (Cf. Skt. háryati 'take pleasure in', Umbr. heriest 'will wish', Lat. horior.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 χαίρω; imperfect ἔχαιρον; future χαρήσομαι ( Luke 1:14; John 16:20,22; Philippians 1:18, for the earlier form καιρήσω, cf. ( Winer s Grammar, 90 (86); Buttmann, 68 (60)); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii. 322 f; Matthiae, § 255, under the word; Kühner, § 343under the word; Krüger, § 40, under the word; ( Veitch, under the word)), once χάρω ( Revelation 11:10 Rec., a form occurring nowhere else); 2aorist (passive as active) ἐχάρην (cf. συγχαίρω, at the beginning); from Homer down; the Sept. for שָׂמַח, גִּיל, שׂוּשׂ; to rejoice, be glad;

a. in the properly, and strict sense: ( Mark 14:11); Luke 15:5,(32); Luke 19:6,37; 22:5; 23:8>; John 4:36; John 8:56; John 20:20; Acts 5:41; Acts 8:39; Acts 11:23; Acts 13:48; 2Cor. (2 Corinthians 4:10>); 2 Corinthians 7:7; 13:9,11> (some refer this to b. in the sense of farewell); Philippians 2:17,28; Colossians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; 1 Peter 4:13; 3 John 1:3; opposed to κλαίειν, Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 7:30; opposed to κλαίειν καί θρηνεῖν, John 16:20; opposed to λύπην ἔχειν, ibid. John 16:22>; joined with ἀγαλλίασθαι, Matthew 5:12; Revelation 19:7; with σκιρταν, Luke 6:23; χαίρειν ἐν κυρίῳ (see ἐν, L 6b, p. 211 b middle (cf. Buttmann, 185 (161))), Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:4,10; χαίρειν χαράν μεγάλην (cf. χαρά, a.), to rejoice exceedingly, Matthew 2:10; also χαρά χαίρειν ( Winer s Grammar, § 54,3; Buttmann, § 133,22), John 3:29: χαρά χαίρομεν, 1 Thessalonians 3:9; χαίρειν ἐπί with a dative of the object, Matthew 18:13; Luke 1:14; Luke 13:17; Acts 15:31 Romans 16:19 L T Tr WH; 1 Corinthians 13:6; 1 Corinthians 16:17; 2 Corinthians 7:13; Revelation 11:10 ( Xenophon, mem. 2,6, 35; Cyril 8,4, 12; Plato, legg. 5, p. 739d.; cf. Kühner, § 425 Anm. 6; ( Winer s Grammar, § 33a.; Buttmann, § 133,23); in the Greek writings generally with a simple dative of the object as Proverbs 17:19); διά τί, John 3:29; διά τινα, John 11:15; 1 Thessalonians 3:9; ἐν τούτῳ, Philippians 1:18; (ἐν ταῖς παθήμασι μου, Colossians 1:24); with an accusative of the object, τό αὐτό, Philippians 2:18 (ταῦτα, Demosthenes, p. 323,6; cf. Matthiae, § 414, p. 923; Krüger, § 46,5, 9); τό ἐφ' ὑμῖν (see , II:8, p. 436a), Romans 16:19 R G; ἀπό τίνος, equivalent to χαράν ἔχειν, to derive joy from one, 2 Corinthians 2:3; ἐχάρητε followed by ὅτι, John 14:28; 2 Corinthians 7:9,16; 2 John 1:4; ἐν τούτῳ, Luke 10:20; with a dative of the cause: τῇ ἐλπίδι χαίροντες, let the hope of future blessedness give you joy, Romans 12:12 (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, § 31,1k., 7d.).

b. in a broader sense, to be well, to thrive; in salutations, the imperative χαῖρε, "Hail!" Latin salve (so from Homer down): Matthew 26:49; Matthew 27:29; Mark 15:18; Luke 1:28; John 19:3; plural χαίρετε ( A. V. all hail), Matthew 28:9; at the beginning of letters the infinitive χαίρειν (namely, λέγει or κελευει): Acts 15:23; Acts 23:26; James 1:1 (often in the books of Maccabees; cf. Grimm on 1 Maccabees 10:18; Otto in the Jahrbb. f. deutsch. Theol. for 1867, p. 678ff; cf. Hilgenfeld, Galaterbrief, p. 99ff; Xenophon, Cyril 4,5, 27; Aelian v. h. 1,25); fully, χαίρειν λέγω, to give one greeting, salute, 2 John 1:10 (11). (Compare: συνχαίρω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (74)NAS (75)HCS (73)
Matthew6
Mark2
Luke11
John9
Acts7
Romans3
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians8
Philippians7
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians2
James1
1 Peter1
2 John3
3 John1
Revelation2
Matthew6
Mark2
Luke11
John9
Acts7
Romans3
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians8
Philippians7
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians2
James1
1 Peter1
2 John3
3 John1
Revelation2
Matthew6
Mark2
Luke12
John9
Acts7
Romans4
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians8
Philippians9
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
James1
1 Peter2
2 John3
3 John1
Revelation2
List of Word Forms
έχαιρε εχαιρεν έχαιρεν ἔχαιρεν εχαιρον ἔχαιρον εχαρη εχάρη ἐχάρη εχαρημεν εχάρημεν ἐχάρημεν Εχαρην εχάρην Ἐχάρην εχαρησαν εχάρησαν ἐχάρησαν εχαρητε εχάρητε ἐχάρητε Χαιρε χαίρε Χαῖρε χαιρει χαίρει χαιρειν χαίρειν χαιρετε χαίρετε χαιρέτω χαιρη χαίρη χαίρῃ χαιρομεν χαίρομεν χαιροντες χαίροντες χαιροντων χαιρόντων χαιρουσιν χαίρουσιν χαιρω χαίρω χαιρωμεν χαίρωμεν χαιρων χαίρων χαρείται χαρηναι χαρήναι χαρῆναι χαρησεται χαρήσεται χαρησομαι χαρήσομαι χαρησονται χαρήσονται χαρητε χαρήτε χαρῆτε χάρητε Chaire chairē Chaîre chairei chaírei chaírēi chairein chaírein chairete chaírete chairo chairō chaíro chaírō chairomen chairōmen chaíromen chaírōmen chairon chairōn chaíron chaírōn chairontes chaírontes chaironton chairontōn chairónton chairóntōn chairousin chaírousin charenai charênai charēnai charē̂nai charesetai charēsetai charḗsetai charesomai charēsomai charḗsomai charesontai charēsontai charḗsontai charete charête charēte charē̂te chárete chárēte echairen échairen echairon échairon echare echarē echáre echárē echaremen echarēmen echáremen echárēmen Echaren Echarēn Echáren Echárēn echaresan echarēsan echáresan echárēsan echarete echarēte echárete echárēte
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