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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5561 - χώρα

Word Origin:
from a derivative of the base of (5490) through the idea of empty expanse
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the space lying between two places or limits
  2. a region or country i.e. a tract of land
    1. the (rural) region surrounding a city or village, the country
    2. the region with towns and villages which surround a metropolis
  3. land which is ploughed or cultivated, ground
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 127 ‑ אֲדָמָה (ad‑aw‑maw');   217 ‑ אוּר (oor);   386 ‑ אֵתָן (ay‑thawn');   776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);   4082 ‑ מְדִינָה (med‑ee‑naw');   4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');   7704 ‑ שָׂדַי (saw‑deh', saw‑dah'ee);   8478 ‑ תַּחַת (takh'‑ath);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. χώρη, ἡ, = χῶρος,

space or room in which a thing is, defined as partly occupied space, distd. fr. κενόν and τόπος, Zeno Stoic. 1.26 (cf.2.163), S.E. P. 3.124; ποταγορεύοντι τὰν ὕλαν τόπον καὶ χώραν Ti.Locr. 94b (in ὁ τόπος τῆς χ. Pl. Lg. 705c χώρα = country (cf. 11.1); so χώρας ἐν τόποις Λιβυστικοῖς A. Eu. 292); οὐδέ τι πολλὴ χώρη μεσσηγύς Il. 23.521; νόμισμα.. χώρας μεγάλης δέοιτ' ἄν X. Lac. 7.5; χώραν τινὶ καταλιπεῖν leave room for it, Plu. 2.123f, etc.

2. generally, place, spot, στρέψεσθ' ἐκ χώρης ὅθι.. Il. 6.516, cf. Od. 16.352; ὀλίγῃ ἐνὶ χ. Il. 17.394; χώραν ἐκ χώρας μεταβάλλειν move from place to place, Pl. Tht. 181c; field in a ceiling, IG 42(1).103.193, 106ii139 (Epid., iv B. C.); ἡ πρώτη χ. the first field (on the chest of Cypselus), Paus. 5.17.6; socket or cavity of a joint, Hp. Art. 79, 80; of the eye, IG 42(1).121.76 (Epid., iv B. C.); as euphemism for the genital organs, Hippiatr. 33, 71.

3. the position, proper place of a person or thing, ἐνὶ χώρῃ ἕζεται Il. 23.349: esp. a soldier's post, Ἄρης οὐκ ἔνι χώρα is not at his post (or perh. in the land, cf. Ar. Lys. 524) A. Ag. 78 (anap.); χώραν λιπεῖν, προλείπειν, Th. 4.126, 2.87; μισθοφορεῖν κεναῖς χ. draw pay for unfilled vacancies, Aeschin. 3.146; ἐπιγράψαι αὐτῷ τὴν χ. UPZ 14.88 (ii B. C.): later τὴν χ. τινὸς ἀποπληρῶσαι, ποιῆσαι, fill a person's place, POxy. 136.15 (vi A. D.), PMasp. 32.11 (vi A. D.): χώραν λαβεῖν take a position, find one's place, ἕως ἂν χώραν λάβῃ [τὰ πράγματα ] till they are brought into position, into order, X. Cyr. 4.5.37; οὐ διδοὺς ἑτέρῳ τόπον οὐδὲ χώραν διακονίας Plu. 2.62d; οὐκ ἂν ἔχοι χώραν νοήσεως ἡντινοῦν τὸ ἀγαθόν the Good cannot have any possibility of thinking, Plot. 5.6.6; σοὶ ἀστρονομεῖν χ. your province is astronomy, Philostr. VA 5.15; ἐν τοῖς ἀτέχνοις χώραν ἔχει τὸ αὐτόματον Eun. Hist. p.225D.: freq. in the phrase ὥρα καὶ χ., time and place, ἐν ὁποία ἀξία φυτευθῆναι καὶ ὥρὰ καὶ χώρᾳ Pl. Hipparch. 225c; ἐν ἄλλῃ καὶ χώρῃ Hp. Hum. 14; πρὸς ὥρας καὶ χώρας καὶ διαίτας ib. 16, Aph. 3.3; ἥ τε τοῦ ἔτους ὥρα καὶ χ. καὶ φύσις τοῦ θεραπευομένου σώματος Gal. 18(2).399, cf. Alex. Trall. 1.10, Steph. in Hp. 1.161, 180 D. b. in metric, position of a foot in a verse, τὸ δακτυλικὸν δέχεται δακτύλους καὶ σπονδείους κατὰ πᾶσαν χ. Heph. 7.1, cf. 8.1; αἱ περιτταὶ χ. Id. 5.1, 6.1.

4. metaph., station, place, position, ἐν χώρᾳ τινὸς εἶναι to be in his position, be counted the same as he is, ἐν ἀνδραπόδων or μισθοφόρου χώρᾳ εἶναι to be in the position of slaves or mercenaries, to pass or rank as such, X. An. 5.6.13, Cyr. 2.1.18; ἐν οὐδεμιᾷ χ. εἶναι to have no place or rank, be in no esteem, Id. An. 5.7.28; οὗ μέλλει χώρην μηδεμίαν θέμεναι Thgn. 152; τούτων τοι χώρη.. ὀλίγη τελέθει Id. 822; τὰς μεγίστας χ. ἔχειν Plb. 1.43.1.

5. in senses 3 and 4 freq. with a Pr, ἐκ χώρας ὁρμᾶν, opp. πορευόμενος μάχεσθαι, X. An. 3.4.33; εἰς τὰς ἑαυτῶν χ. πάρεισι are at their posts, Id. Cyr. 1.2.4, cf. Theoc. 15.57; εἰς τὰς τῶν λοχαγῶν χ. καταστήσεσθαι X. Cyr. 2.1.23; ἐν χώρᾳ in one's place, at one's post, ἐν ταῖς χ. γενέσθαι Id. An. 4.8.15; ἐν χώρᾳ πίπτειν, ἀποθνῄσκειν, die at one's post, Id. HG 4.2.20, 8.39; ἐπὶ χώρας ἕσσαι set it in its place, Pi. P. 4.273; also μένειν ἐπὶ χώρας, = μένειν κατὰ χώραν, remain in force, OGI 90.16 (Rosetta, ii B. C.), BGU 183.9 (i A. D.); κατὰ χώρην εἶναι be in one's place, Hdt. 4.135; [ φόροι] κατὰ χώρην διατελέουσι ἔχοντες Id. 6.42, cf. Ar. Pl. 367, Ra. 793; κατὰ χ. μένειν Hdt. 7.95, 8.108, Ar. Eq. 1354, Th. 4.26; ἤλπιζον.. οὐ μενεῖν κατὰ χ. τὰ πράγματα ib. 76; μένει τὸ ὅρκιον κατὰ χ. as it was, undisturbed, Hdt. 4.201; ἐᾶν κατὰ χ. τὴν πόλιν leave in its place, leave as it was, X. HG 6.5.6, cf. Hdt. 1.17; κατὰ χώραν μένειν τοὺς ἄλλους [νόμους] ἐᾶν D. 24.5; κατὰ χ. ἀπιέναι retire in their old order, X. An. 6.4.11.

II land, viz.,

1 a land, country, ἅς τινας ἵκεο χώρας ἀνθρώπων Od. 8.573; ἡ χ. ἡ Ἀττική Hdt. 9.13; ἐμπορεύεσθαι εἰς τὴν χ. IG 12.57.21, cf. 63.22, al.: freq. in Trag., Ἑλλάδα χώραν A. Pers. 271 (lyr.); Εὐβοῖδα χ. S. Tr. 74, etc.; territory, ὁ τύραννος ἢ πόλεων ἢ χ. πολλῆς [ἐπιθυμεῖ ] X. Hier. 4.7: pl., OGI 54.11 (Adule, iii B. C.), etc.

2. landed estate, X. Cyr. 8.4.28, 8.6.4. b. country town, τοὺς κήρυκας διαπέμψαντες ἐς τὰς χ. Schwyzer 688 B 8 (Chios, v B. C.).

3. the country, opp. to the town, ἡ πόλις καὶ ἡ χ. Lycurg. 1; τὰ ἐκ τῆς χώρας Th. 2.5, X. Mem. 3.6.11; ὁ ἐκ τῆς χ. γιγνόμενος σῖτος ib. 13; οἱ ἐν τῇ χ. ἐργάται Id. Hier. 10.5; ἐν τῇ χώρᾳ κοιταῖον γίγνεσθαι, opp. ἐν ἄστει, Decr. ap. D. 18.37; ἁ κοινὰ χ. (of two cities) IG 42(1).77.2 (Epid., ii B. C.): esp. of Egypt as opp. Alexandria, OGI 56.5 (Canopus, iii B. C.), PHib. 1.27.167 (iii B. C.), etc. (but in PTeb. 5.98 (ii B. C.) ἐν τῇ Ἀλεξα(νδρέων) χ. means 'in Alexandria'); ἡ ἄνω χ. καὶ ἡ κάτω, Upper and Lower Egypt, OGI 90.46 (Rosetta, ii B. C.), cf. Wilcken Chr. 109.9 (iii B. C.). — χῶρος is another form: in signf. 11 χώρα alone is used in Att.; whereas in signf. 1 χῶρος is common, exc. in the special sense of one's proper place or post (χῶρος and χώρα perh. cogn. with χῆρος, χῆτος).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 χώρα, χώρας, (ΧΑΩ (cf. Curtius, § 179), to lie open, be ready to receive), from Homer down, the Sept. for אֶרֶץ, מְדִינָה 'a province';

1. properly, the space lying between two places or limits.

2. a region or country; i. e. a tract of land: χώρα ἐγγύς τῆς ἐρήμου, John 11:54; (in an elliptical phrase, ἀστραπή () ἀστράπτουσα ἐκ τῆς ὑπό τόν οὐρανόν εἰς τήν ὑπ' οὐρανόν λάμπει, A. V. part ... part, Luke 17:24 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 64,5); on the ellipsis of χώρα in other phrases (ἐξ ἀναντιας, ἐν δεξιά, etc.), see Winer s Grammar, the passage cited; Buttmann, 82 (72)); land as opposed to the sea, Acts 27:27; land as inhabited, a province or country, Mark 5:10; (Mark 6:55> L marginal reading T Tr WH); Luke 15:13-15; Luke 19:12; Acts 13:49; with a genitive of the name of the region added: Τραχωνίτιδος, Luke 3:1; τῆς Ἰουδαίας, Acts 26:20; ((or an equivalent adjective)) Γαλατικη, Acts 16:6; Acts 18:23; τῶν Ἰουδαίων, Acts 10:39; plural τῆς Ἰουδαίας καί Σαμαρείας ( A. V. regions), Acts 8:1; ἐν χώρα καί σκιά θανάτου, in a region of densest darkness (see σκιά, a), Matthew 4:16; τίνος, the country of one, Matthew 2:12; χώρα for its inhabitants, Mark 1:5; Acts 12:20; the (rural) region environing a city or village, the country, Luke 2:8; Γεργεσηνῶν, Γερασηνῶν, Γαδαρηνῶν, Matthew 8:28; Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26; the region with towns and villages which surrounds the metropolis, John 11:55.

3. land which is plowed or cultivated, ground: Luke 12:16; plural, Luke 21:21 ( R. V. country); John 4:35 ( A. V. fields); James 5:4 ( A. V. fields). (Synonym: see τόπος, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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χωρα χώρα χώρᾳ χώραι χώραί χωραις χώραις χωραν χώραν χωρας χώρας χωρών chora chōra chṓra chṓrāi chorais chōrais chṓrais choran chōran chṓran choras chōras chṓras
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