ver. 2.0.15.07.28
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #622 - ἀπόλλυμι

Transliteration:
apóllymi
Phonetics:
ap-ol'-loo-mee  
Word Origin:
from (575) and the base of (3639)
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
1:394,67
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to destroy
    1. to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin
    2. render useless
    3. to kill
    4. to declare that one must be put to death
    5. metaph. to devote or give over to eternal misery in hell
    6. to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed
  2. to destroy
    1. to lose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);   622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');   1104 ‑ בָּלַע (baw‑lah');   1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');   1696 ‑ דָּבַר (daw‑bar');   1949 ‑ הוּם (hoom);   2026 ‑ הָרַג (haw‑rag');   2763 ‑ חָרַם (khaw‑ram');   3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');   3582 ‑ כָּחַד (kaw‑khad');   3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');   3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');   3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');   3807 ‑ כָּתַת (kaw‑thath');   3947 ‑ לָקַח (law‑kakh');   4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);   5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');   5080 ‑ נָדַח (naw‑dakh');   5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');   5595 ‑ סָפָה (saw‑faw');   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   5678 ‑ עֶבְרָה (eb‑raw');   5737 ‑ עָדַר (aw‑dar');   5916 ‑ עָכַר (aw‑kar');   6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');   6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');   6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats');   6937 ‑ קָדַר (kaw‑dar');   7665 ‑ שָׁבַר (shaw‑bar');   7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');   7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');   7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');   7923 ‑ שִׁכֻּלִים (shik‑koo‑leem');   8045 ‑ שָׁמַד (shaw‑mad');   8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');   8327 ‑ שָׁרַשׁ (shaw‑rash');   8552 ‑ תָּמַם (taw‑mam');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπόλλῡμι or ἀπολ-ύω

(Th. 4.25, Pl. R. 608e, Arist. Pol. 1297a12, but f.l. in Men. 580; the form is rejected by Phryn. PS p.10 B., Moer. 12), impf. ἀπώλλυν A. Pers. 652 (lyr.), S. El. 1360, ἀπώλλυον And. 1.58: fut. ἀπολέσω, ἀπολέσσω, Att. ἀπολῶ, Ion. ἀπολέω Hdt. 1.34, al.: aor. ἀπώλεσα, ἀπόλεσσα: pf. ἀπολώλεκα: — freq. in tmesi in; Pr postponed in Od. 9.534:

I

1. stronger form of ὄλλυμι, destroy utterly, kill, in Hom. mostly of death in battle, ἀπώλεσε λαὸν Ἀχαιῶν 11.5.758, al.; ἐκπάγλως ἀπόλεσσαν ib. 1.268; also of things, demolish, lay waste, ἀπώλεσεν Ἴλιον ἱρήν ib. 5.648, etc.; generally, βίοτον δ' ἀπὸ πάμπαν ὀλέσσει will waste my substance, Od. 2.49; οἵ μ' ἀπωλλύτην sought to destroy me (impf. sense), S. OT 1454; in pregnant sense, ἐπεί με γᾶς ἐκ πατρίας ἀπώλεσε drove me ruined from.., E. Hec. 946; τῆς παρ' ἡμέραν χάριτος τὰ μέγιστα τῆς πόλεως ἀ. for the sake of.., D. 8.70.

2. λόγοις or λέγων ἀ. τινά talk or bore one to death, S. El. 1360, Ar. Nu. 892 (lyr.): hence, alone, in fut. ἀπολεῖς με Id. Ach. 470; οἴμ' ὡς ἀπολεῖς με Pherecr. 108.20; ἀπολεῖ μ' οὑτοσί by his questions, Antiph. 222.8, etc.

3. ruin a woman, Lys. 1.8.

II lose, πατέρ' ἐσθλὸν ἀπώλεσα Od. 2.46, cf. Il. 18.82, Democr. 272; ἀπώλεσε νόστιμον ἦμαρ Od. 1.354; ἀπὸ θυμὸν ὀλέσσαι

I

1. lose one's life, 11.16.861, Od. 12.350; θυμὸν οὐκ ἀπώλεσεν loses not his spirit, S. El. 26; ἔλεον ἀπώλεσεν 11.24.44; freq. of things, ἡ τοῦ πλέονος ἐπιθυμίη τὸ παρεὸν ἀπόλλυσι Democr. 224; ἵππους ἑβδομήκοντα ἀπολλύασι Th. 7.51; ἀπώλεσαν τὴν ἀρχὴν ὑπὸ Περσῶν X. An. 3.4.11, cf. 7.2.22; μηδὲν ἀπολλὺς τοῦ ὄγκου Pl. Tht. 155c; ἀ. οὐσίαν, = ἀπόλλυσθαι, Id. Prm. 163d. Med., ἀπόλλῠμαι: fut. -ολοῦμαι, Ion. -ολέομαι Hdt. 7.218: aor. 2 -ωλόμην: pf. -όλωλα, whence the barbarous impf. ἀπόλωλο Ar. Th. 1212: plpf. in Att. Prose sts. written ἀπωλώλειν in codd., as Th. 4.133, 7.27: perish, die, 11.1.117, etc.; cease to exist, opp. γίγνεσθαι, Meliss. 8, Pl. Prm. 156b, etc.: sts. c. acc. cogn., ἀπόλωλε κακὸν μόρον Od. 1.166; ἀπωλόμεθ' αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον ib. 9.303: c. dat. modi, ἀπώλετο λυγρῷ ὀλέθρῳ (v.l. λυγρὸν ὄλεθρον) ib. 3.87; ἀ. ὑπό τινος Hdt. 5.126; simply, to be undone, αὐτῶν.. ἀπωλόμεθ' ἀφραδίῃσιν Od. 10.27; ἀπωλώλει τῷ φόβῳ μή.. X. Cyr. 6.1.2: freq. in Att., esp. in pf., ἀπόλωλας you are lost, Ar. Nu. 1077; ἀπωλόμεθ' ἂν εἰ μὴ ἀπολώλειμεν Plu. 2.185f; ἱκανὸν χρόνον ἀπολλύμεθα καὶ κατατετρίμμεθα Ar. Pax 355; βλέπειν ἀπολωλός Philostr.Jun. Im. 2: as an imprecation, κάκιστ' ἀπολοίμην εἰ.. Ar. Ach. 151, al.; κακὸς κακῶς ἀπόλοιθ' ὅστις.. Eub. 116; ἐξώλης ἀπόλοιθ' ὅστις.. Men. 154; ἀπολλύμενος, opp. σῳζόμενος, Isoc. 6.36, cf. Plu. 2.469d: freq. in part. fut., κάκιστ' ἀπολούμενε o destined to a miserable end! i.e. o thou villain, scoundrel, knave! Ar. Pl. 713, cf. 456, Ach. 865, Pax 2; ὁ κάκιστ' ἀνέμων ἀ. Luc. DDeor. 14.2.

2. in NT, perish, in theol. sense, John 3:16, al.; οἱ ἀπολλύμενοι, opp. οἱ σῳζόμενοι, 1 Corinthians 1:18.

II to be lost, ὕδωρ ἀπολέσκετ' (of the water eluding Tantalus) Od. 11.586; οὔποτε καρπὸς ἀπόλλυται never falls untimely, ib. 7.117; ἀπό τέ σφισιν ὕπνος ὄλωλεν Il. 10.186; γέλως ἐξ ἀνθρώπων ἀπόλωλεν X. Smp. 1.15; ἀπολόμενον ἀργύριον Antipho Soph. 54; ἀπώλοντο οἱ ὄνοι LXX 1 Samuel 9:3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀπόλλυμι and ἀπολλύω ((ἀπολλύει John 12:25 T Tr WH), imperative ἀπόλλυε Romans 14:15 (cf. Buttmann, 45 (39); WH's Appendix, p. 168f)); future ἀπολέσω and ( 1 Corinthians 1:19 ἀπολῶ from a passage in the O. T., where often) ἀπολῶ (cf. Winer s Grammar, 83 (80); (Buttmann, 64 (56))); 1aorist ἀπώλεσα; to destroy; middle, present ἀπόλλυμαι; (imperfect 3person plural ἀπώλλυντο 1 Corinthians 10:9 T Tr WH); future ἀπολοῦμαι; 2aorist ἀπωλόμην; (2perfect active participle ἀπολωλώς); (from Homer down); to perish.

1. to destroy i. e. to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to, ruin: Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34; Luke 17:27,29; Jude 1:5; τήν σοφίαν render useless, cause its emptiness to be perceived, 1 Corinthians 1:19 (from the Sept. of Isaiah 29:14); to kill: Matthew 2:13; Matthew 12:14; Mark 9:22; Mark 11:18; John 10:10, etc.; contextually, to declare that one must be put to death: Matthew 27:20; metaphorically, to devote or give over to eternal misery: Matthew 10:28; James 4:12; contextually, by one's conduct to cause another to lose eternal salvation: Romans 14:15. Middle to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed;

a. of persons; (a). properly: Matthew 8:25; Luke 13:3,5, 33; John 11:50; 2 Peter 3:6; Jude 1:11, etc.; ἀπόλλυμαι λιμῷ, Luke 15:17; ἐν μαχαρια, Matthew 26:52; καταβαλλόμενοι, ἀλλ' οὐκ ἀπολλύμενοι, 2 Corinthians 4:9. (b). tropically, to incur the loss of true or eternal life; to be delivered up to eternal misery: John 3:15 ( R Lbr.), John 3:16>; John 10:28; 17:12> (it must be borne in mind, that according to John's conception eternal life begins on earth, just as soon as one becomes united to Christ by faith); Romans 2:12; 1 Corinthians 8:11; 1 Corinthians 15:18; 2 Peter 3:9. Hence, οἱ σῳζόμενοι they to whom it belongs to partake of salvation, and οἱ ἀπολλύμενοι those to whom it belongs to perish or to be consigned to eternal misery, are contrasted by Paul: 1 Corinthians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 2:15; 2 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:10 (on these present participles, cf. Winer s Grammar, 342 (321); Buttmann, 206 (178)).

b. of things; to be blotted out, to vanish away: εὐπρέπεια, James 1:11; the heavens, Hebrews 1:11 (from Psalm 101:27 (Psalm 102:27>); to perish — "of things which on being thrown away are decomposed, as μέλος τοῦ σώματος, Matthew 5:29f; remnants of bread, John 6:12; — or which perish in some other way, as βρῶσις, John 6:27; χρυσίον, 1 Peter 1:7; — or which are mined so that they can no longer subserve the use for which they were designed, as οἱ ἀσκοί: Matthew 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37.

2. to destroy i. e. to lose;

a. properly: Matthew 10:42; Mark 9:41 (τόν μισθόν αὐτοῦ); Luke 15:4,8, 9; Luke 9:25; Luke 17:33; John 12:25; 2 John 1:8, etc.

b. metaphorically, Christ is said to lose anyone of his followers (whom the Father has drawn to discipleship) if such a one becomes wicked and fails of salvation: John 6:39, cf. John 18:9. Middle to be lost: θρίξ ἐκ τῆς κεφαλῆς, Luke 21:18; θρίξ ἀπό τῆς κεφαλῆς, Acts 27:34 ( Rec. πεσεῖται); τά λαμπρά ἀπώλετο ἀπό σου, Revelation 18:14 ( Rec. ἀπῆλθε). Used of sheep, straying from the flock: properly, Luke 15:4 (τό ἀπολωλός, in Matthew 18:12 τό πλανώμενον). Metaphorically, in accordance with the O. T. comparison of the people of Israel to a flock ( Jeremiah 27:6 (Jeremiah 50:6>); Ezekiel 34:4,16), the Jews, neglected by their religious teachers, left to themselves and thereby in danger of losing eternal salvation, wandering about as it were without guidance, are called τά πρόβατα τά ἀπολωλότα τοῦ οἴκου Ἰσραήλ: Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24 ( Isaiah 53:6; 1 Peter 2:25); and Christ, reclaiming them from wickedness, is likened to a shepherd and is said ζητεῖν καί σῴζειν τό ἀπολωλός: Luke 19:10; Matthew 18:11 Rec. (Compare: συναπόλλυμι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (92)NAS (93)HCS (90)
Matthew18
Mark9
Luke25
John12
Acts1
Romans2
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians3
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude2
Matthew17
Mark9
Luke25
John10
Acts2
Romans2
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians3
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude2
Revelation1
Matthew19
Mark10
Luke27
John10
Acts2
Romans2
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians3
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude2
Revelation1
List of Word Forms
απολεί απολείς απολεισθε απολείσθε ἀπολεῖσθε απολειται απολείται ἀπολεῖται απολείτε απολεσαι απολέσαι ἀπολέσαι απολεσας απολέσας ἀπολέσας απολεσει απολέσει ἀπολέσει απολέσετε απολεση απολέση ἀπολέσῃ απολέσης απολεσητε απολέσητε ἀπολέσητε απολεσθαι απολέσθαι ἀπολέσθαι απολέσθωσαν απολεσω απολέσω ἀπολέσω απολέσωσί απολεσωσιν απολέσωσιν ἀπολέσωσιν απόλησθε αποληται απολήται απόληται ἀπόληται απολλυε απόλλυε ἀπόλλυε απολλυει απολλύει ἀπολλύει απολλύειν απολλυμαι απόλλυμαι ἀπόλλυμαι απολλυμεθα απολλύμεθα ἀπολλύμεθα απόλλυμεν απολλυμενην απολλυμένην ἀπολλυμένην απολλυμενοι απολλύμενοι ἀπολλύμενοι απολλυμενοις απολλυμένοις ἀπολλυμένοις απολλύμενον απολλύμενος απολλυμενου απολλυμένου ἀπολλυμένου απολλυμένω απολλυνται ἀπόλλυνται απολλύοντες απόλλυσι απολλυται ἀπόλλυται απολλύων απόλοιντο απόλοιο απόλοιτο απολόμενοι απολομενου απολομένου ἀπολομένου απολομένους απολουνται απολούνται ἀπολοῦνται απολούσι Απολω απολώ Ἀπολῶ απολώλαμεν απόλωλε απολώλεκας απολωλεκός απολωλεκότες απόλωλεν απολωλος απολωλός ἀπολωλός ἀπολωλὸς απολωλοτα απολωλότα ἀπολωλότα απολωλότας απολωλότων απολωλυιών απολωλως απολωλώς ἀπολωλὼς απολώμεθα απολωνται απόλωνται ἀπόλωνται απωλεσα απώλεσα ἀπώλεσα απώλεσαν απώλεσας απώλεσε απωλεσεν απώλεσεν ἀπώλεσεν απωλετο απώλετο ἀπώλετο απωλλυντο ἀπώλλυντο απωλόμην απωλοντο απώλοντο ἀπώλοντο απώλου apoleisthe apoleîsthe apoleitai apoleîtai apolesa apōlesa apṓlesa apolesai apolésai apolesas apolésas apolese apolesē apolesei apolései apolésēi apolesen apōlesen apṓlesen apolesete apolesēte apolésete apolésēte apoleso apolesō apoléso apolésō apolesosin apolesōsin apolésosin apolésōsin apolesthai apolésthai apoletai apolētai apóletai apólētai apoleto apōleto apṓleto apollue apolluei apollumai apollumenen apollumenēn apollumenoi apollumenois apollumenou apollumetha apolluntai apollunto apōllunto apollutai apollye apóllye apollyei apollýei apollymai apóllymai apollymenen apollymenēn apollyménen apollyménēn apollymenoi apollýmenoi apollymenois apollyménois apollymenou apollyménou apollymetha apollýmetha apollyntai apóllyntai apollynto apōllynto apṓllynto apollytai apóllytai Apolo Apolô Apolō Apolō̂ apololos apololós apololòs apololṑs apolōlos apolōlós apolōlòs apolōlōs apolōlṑs apololota apololóta apolōlota apolōlóta apolomenou apoloménou apolontai apolōntai apólontai apólōntai apolonto apōlonto apṓlonto apolountai apoloûntai
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