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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #684 - ἀπώλεια

Word Origin:
from a presumed derivative of (622)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. destroying, utter destruction
    1. of vessels
  2. a perishing, ruin, destruction
    1. of money
    2. the destruction which consists of eternal misery in hell
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);   657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);   1091 ‑ בַּלָּהָה (bal‑law‑haw');   1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');   1917 ‑ הַדָּם (had‑dawm');   2555 ‑ חָמָס (khaw‑mawce');   2764 ‑ חֶרֶם (khay'‑rem, kheh'‑rem);   4001 ‑ מְבוּסָה (meb‑oo‑saw');   4032 ‑ מָגוּר (maw‑gore', maw‑goor');   4046 ‑ מַגֵּפָה (mag‑gay‑faw');   4103 ‑ מְהוּמָה (meh‑hoo‑maw');   4646 ‑ מַפָּח (map‑pawkh');   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   7588 ‑ שָׁאוֹן (shaw‑one');   7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');   7722 ‑ שֹׁאָה (sho, sho‑aw', sho‑aw');   7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');   7998 ‑ שָׁלָל (shaw‑lawl');   8045 ‑ שָׁמַד (shaw‑mad');   8077 ‑ שִׁמָמָה (shem‑aw‑maw', shee‑mam‑aw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπώλεια, ἡ,

I destruction, Arist. EN 1120a2, etc.: pl., Id. Mete. 351b11.


1. loss, Id. Pr. 952b26; opp. τήρησις, Plb. 6.59.5 Schweigh., cf. BGU 1058.35, al. (i B. C.); τῶν χρόνων ἀ. Diog.Oen. 1.

2. perdition, Romans 9:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

3. thing lost, LXX Leviticus 6:3 (5.22).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀπώλεια, ἀπωλείας, (from ἀπόλλυμι, which see);

1. actively, a destroying, utter destruction: as, of vessels, Romans 9:22; τοῦ μύρου, waste, Mark 14:4 (in Matthew 26:8 without a genitive) (in Polybius 6,59, 5 consumption, opposed to τήρησις); the putting of a man to death, Acts 25:16 Rec.; by metonymy, a destructive thing or opinion: in plural 2 Peter 2:2 Rec.; but the correct reading ἀσελγείαις was long ago adopted here.

2. passively, a perishing, ruin, destruction;

a. in general: τό ἀργύριον σου σύν σοι εἴη εἰς ἀπώλειαν, let thy money perish with thee, Acts 8:20; βυρθίζειν τινα εἰς ὄλεθρον καί ἀπώλειαν, with the included idea of misery, 1 Timothy 6:9; αἱρέσεις ἀπωλείας destructive opinions, 2 Peter 2:1; ἐπάγειν ἑαυτοῖς ἀπώλειαν, ibid. cf. 2 Peter 2:3.

b. in particular, the destruction which consists in the loss of eternal life, eternal misery, perdition, the lot of those excluded from the kingdom of God: Revelation 17:8,11, cf. Revelation 19:20; Philippians 3:19; 2 Peter 3:16; opposed to περιποίησις τῆς ψυχῆς, Hebrews 10:39; to ζωή, Matthew 7:13; to σωτηρία, Philippians 1:28. υἱός τῆς ἀπωλείας, a man doomed to eternal misery (a Hebraism, see υἱός, 2): 2 Thessalonians 2:3 (of Antichrist); John 17:12 (of Judas, the traitor); ἡμέρα κρίσεως καί ἀπωλείας τῶν ἀσεβῶν, 2 Peter 3:7. (In secular authors from Polybius as above (but see Aristotle, probl. 17,3, 2, vol. ii., p. 916{a}, 26; 29,14, 10 ibid. 952^b, 26; Nicom. eth. 4,1ibid. 1120{a}, 2, etc.); often in the Sept. and O. T. Apocrypha.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπώλεια , -ας ,

(< ἀπόλλυμι ),

[in LXX (Cremer, 797) for H6, H343, etc.;]

destruction, waste, loss, perishing (in Papyri, of money, v. MM, s.v.): Matthew 26:8, Mark 14:4, Acts 8:20, Romans 9:22, 1 Timothy 6:9, 2 Peter 2:1; in special sense of the loss of eternal life, perdition, the antithesis of σωτηρία : Matthew 7:13, John 17:12, Philippians 1:28; Philippians 3:19, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Hebrews 10:39, 2 Peter 2:3; 2 Peter 3:7; 2 Peter 3:16, Revelation 17:8; Revelation 17:11 (DB, iii, 744).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The weaker sense of . is illustrated by P Tebt II. 276.34 (an astrological fragment—ii/iii A.D.), where one who has acquired certain possessions ἐξωδιασμὸν αὐτῶν [ποιήσ ]ε ̣ται καὶ ἀπώλειαν, ";will spend and lose them"; (Edd.). Similarly in a series of nursing-contracts of the time of Augustus in BGU IV. we find the phrase ἐκτίνειν τὴν ἑκάστον ἀξίαν πλὴν συμφανοῦς ἀπωλείας, e.g. 1058.35 (= Chrest. II. 170), 1106.33, al. For the stronger meaning which we associate with NT usage, cf. the close of an ancient Coptic spell from the iii/A.D. Paris magical papyrus .1245 ff (= Selections, p. 114) ἔξελθε δαῖμον, ἐπεί σε δεσμεύω δεσμοῖς ἀδαμαντίνοις ἀλύτοις, καὶ παραδίδωμί σε εἰς τὸ μέλαν χάος ἐν ταῖς ἀπωλίαις, ";give you over to black chaos in utter destruction.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (19)NAS (18)HCS (17)
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
2 Peter5
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
2 Peter4
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
2 Peter4
List of Word Forms
απωλεια απωλεία απώλεια ἀπώλεια απωλείαις απωλειαν απώλειαν απώλειάν ἀπώλειαν απωλειας απωλείας ἀπωλείας απώρυγας απωσμών apoleia apōleia apṓleia apoleian apōleian apṓleian apoleias apoleías apōleias apōleías

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