ver. 2.0.15.05.26
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #740 - ἄρτος

Transliteration:
ártos
Phonetics:
ar'-tos  
Word Origin:
from (142)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
TDNT:
1:477,80
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. food composed of flour mixed with water and baked
    1. the Israelites made it in the form of an oblong or round cake, as thick as one's thumb, and as large as a plate or platter hence it was not to be cut but broken
    2. loaves were consecrated to the Lord
    3. of the bread used at the love-feasts and at the Lord's Table
  2. food of any kind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1715 ‑ דָּגָן (daw‑gawn');   2471 ‑ חַלָּה (khal‑law');   3899 ‑ לֶחֶם (lekh'‑em);   4682 ‑ מַצָּה (mats‑tsaw');   6595 ‑ פְּתוֹת (path);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄρτος, ὁ,

I cake or loaf of wheat-bread, mostly in pl., Od. 18.120, al.; ἄρτος οὖλος a whole loaf, 17.343; collectively, bread, δούλιον ἄρτον ἔδων Archil. Supp. 2.6; ἄ. τρισκοπάνιστος Batr. 35; opp. μᾶζα (porridge), Hp. Acut. 37. Freq. in all writers.

II ἄρτος· βόλος τις, καὶ ὁ Ἀθηναίων ξένος, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἄρτος, ἄρτου, (from ἈΡΩ to fit, put together (cf. Etym. Magn. 150,36 — but doubtful)), bread; Hebrew לֶחֶם;

1. food composed of flour mixed with water and baked; the Israelites made it in the form of an oblong or round cake, as thick as one's thumb, and as large as a plate or platter (cf. Winer s RWB under the word Backen; (BB. DD.)); hence, it was not cut, but broken (see κλάσις and κλάω) Matthew 4:3; Matthew 7:9; Matthew 14:17,19; Mark 6:36 ( T Tr WH omit; L brackets), Mark 6:37; Luke 4:3; Luke 24:30; John 6:5 ff; Acts 27:35, and often; ἄρτοι τῆς προθέσεως, loaves consecrated to Jehovah, see πρόθεσις; on the bread used at the love-feasts and the sacred supper ( Winer's Grammar, 35), cf. Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19; Acts 2:42,46; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:26-28.

2. As in Greek writings, and like the Hebrew לֶחֶם, food of any kind: Matthew 6:11; Mark 6:8; Luke 11:3; 2 Corinthians 9:10; ἄρτος τῶν τέκνων the food served to the children, Mark 7:27; ἄρτον φαγεῖν or ἐσθίειν to take food, to eat (לֶחֶם אֲכֹל) ( Winer's Grammar, 33 (32)): Mark 3:20; Luke 14:1,15; Matthew 15:2; ἄρτον φαγεῖν παρά τίνος to take food supplied by one, 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τόν ἑαυτόν ἄρτον ἐσθίειν, to eat the food which one has procured for himself by his own labor, 2 Thessalonians 3:12; μήτε ἄρτον ἐσθίον, μήτε οἶνον πίνων, abstaining from the usual sustenance, or using it sparingly, Luke 7:33; τρώγειν τόν ἄρτον μετά τίνος to be one's table-companion, his familiar friend, John 13:18 ( Psalm 40:10 (Psalm 41:10>)). In John 6:32-35 Jesus calls himself, τόν ἄρτον τοῦ Θεοῦ, τόν ἄρτον ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, ἄρτος τῆς ζωῆς, as the Divine λόγος, come from heaven, who containing in himself the source of heavenly life supplies celestial nutriment to souls that they may attain to life eternal.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (99)NAS (97)HCS (94)
Matthew20
Mark20
Luke16
John20
Acts5
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians1
2 Thessalonians2
Hebrews1
Matthew20
Mark19
Luke15
John20
Acts5
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians1
2 Thessalonians2
Hebrews1
Matthew20
Mark20
Luke14
John24
Acts5
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians1
2 Thessalonians2
Hebrews1
List of Word Forms
αρτοι άρτοι ἄρτοι αρτοις άρτοις ἄρτοις αρτον άρτον ἄρτον αρτος άρτος ἄρτος αρτου άρτου ἄρτου αρτους αρτούς άρτους ἄρτους αρτω άρτω ἄρτῳ αρτων άρτων άρτών ἄρτων arto artō artoi ártoi ártōi artois ártois arton artōn árton ártōn artos ártos artou ártou artous ártous
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