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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2237 - ἡδονή

Word Origin:
from handano (to please)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. pleasure
  2. desires for pleasure
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2940 ‑ טַעַם (tah'‑am);   7879 ‑ שִׂיחַ (see'‑akh);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. ἁδονά (or in Trag. chorus ἡδονά S. OT 1339), , (ἥδομαι)


1. enjoyment, pleasure, first in Simon. 71, S.l.c., Hdt. 1.24, al.; prop. of sensual pleasures, αἱ τοῦ σώματος or περὶ τὸ σῶμα ἡ., X. HG 4.8.22, 6.1.4; αἱ κατὰ τὸ σῶμα ἡ. Pl. R. 328d; σωματικαὶ ἡ. Arist. EN 1151a13; αἱ περὶ πότους καὶ περὶ ἐδωδὰς ἡ. Pl. R. 389e; but also ἀκοῆς ἡ. Th. 3.38; ἡ ἀπὸ τοῦ εἰδέναι ἡ. Pl. R. 582b; of malicious pleasure, ἡ ἐπὶ τοῖς τῶν φίλων κακοῖς, ἐπὶ ταῖς λοιδορίαις ἡ., Id. Phlb. 50a, D. 18.138; ἡδονῇ ἡσσᾶσθαι, ἡδοναῖς χαρίζεσθαι, to give way to pleasure, Th. l.c., Pl. Lg. 727c; κότερα ἀληθείη χρήσομαι ἢ ἡδονῆ; shall I speak truly or so as to humour you? Hdt. 7.101; εἰ ὑμῖν ἡδονὴ τοῦ ἡγεμονεύειν ib. 160; ἡ. εἰσέρχεταί τιϝι εἰ.. one feels pleasure at the thought that.., Id. 1.24; ἡδονὴν ἔχειν τινός to be satisfied with.., S. OC 1604; ἡδονὴν ἔχει, φέρει, Pherecr. 145.2, Alex. 263.6; ἡδονὴ ἰδέσθαι (like θαῦμα ἰδέσθαι), of a temple, Hdt. 2.137: with Preps. in Adv. sense, δαίμοσιν πρὸς ἡδονήν A. Pr. 494; ὃ μέν ἐστι πρὸς ἡ. D. 18.4; πρὸς ἡ. λέγειν to speak so as to please another, S. El. 921, Th. 2.65; δημηγορεῖν D. 4.38; οὐ πρὸς ἡ. οἱ ἦν τὰ ἀγγελλόμενα Hdt. 3.126; πάντα πρὸς ἡ. ἀκούοντας D. 8.34; later πρὸς ἡδονῆς εἶναί τινι Parth. 8.8, Lib. Or. 12.1; καθ' ἡδονὴν κλύειν S. Tr. 197; καθ' ἡδονήν [ἐστί] μοι c. inf., A. Pr. 263; καθ' ἡ. τι δρᾶν, ποιεῖν, Th. 2.37, 53; καθ' ἡδονὰς τῷ δήμῳ τὰ πράγματα ἐνδιδόναι ib. 65; ἐν ἡδονῇ ἐστί τινι it is a pleasure or delight to another, Hdt. 4.139; folld. by inf., E. IT 494; by acc. et inf., Hdt. 7.15; ἐν ἡδονῇ ἔχειν τινάς to take pleasure in them, Th. 3.9; ἐν ἡδονῇ ἄρχοντες, opp. οἱ λυπηροί, Id. 1.99; μεθ' ἡδονῆς Id. 4.19; ὑφ' ἡδονῆς S. Ant. 648, etc.; ὑπὸ τῆς ἡ. Alex. 24, 110.23: as dat. modi, ἡδονᾷ with pleasure, S. OT 1339 (lyr.), cf. Hdt. 2.137 (f.l.).

2. concrete, a pleasure, S. El. 873 (pl.), Ar. Nu. 1072 (pl.); ἡδοναὶ τραγημάτων sweetmeats, Sopat. 17.

3. Pl., desires after pleasure, pleasant lusts, X. Mem. 1.2.23, Titus 3:3, al.

II in Ion. Philosophers, taste, flavour, usu. joined with χροιή, Diog.Apoll. 5, Anaxag. 4 (pl.), cf. Arist. PA 660b9, Thphr. HP 4.4.7, LXX Numbers 11:8, Eudem. ap. Ath. 9.369f, Mnesith. ap. eund. 8.357f.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἡδονή, ἡδονῆς, (ἥδομαι) ( Simonides 117, Herodotus down), pleasure: 2 Peter 2:13; plural, Luke 8:14 (αἱ ἡδοναι τοῦ βίου); Titus 3:3; James 4:3; by metonymy, desires for pleasure (Grotius, cupiditates rerum voluptariarum), James 4:1.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἡδονή , -ῆς ,

(<ἥδομαι , to be glad),

[in LXX: Numbers 11:8 (H2940), Proverbs 17:1, Wisdom of Solomon 7:2; Wisdom of Solomon 16:20, and freq. in 4Mac;]

pleasure: 2 Peter 2:13; pl., Luke 8:14, Titus 3:3, James 4:1, †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See the quotation from Priene 105.20 s.v. ἤδιστα sub fine, and cf. Cagnat IV. 566.12 (rescript of Sept. Severus) τὴν ἡδονὴν ἣν ἐπὶ τοῖς κατωρθωμένοις ἔχετε. The baser signification which is found in the five occurrences of the word in the NT may be illustrated from Vett. Val. p. 76.1 πάθεσιν ἀκαθάρτοις καὶ παρὰ φύσιν ἡδοναῖς χρήσονται, and Musonius P. 89.16 f. as cited s.v. βιόω sub fine. The word survives in MGr.

For the verb see P Petr III. 144iv. 16 (B.C. 246) οὕτως ἡδόμεθα, P Cairo Preis 48.4 (ii/A.D.) ἐπιγνοὺς. . . ὅτι ἔρρωσαι, ἥσθην, ἄδελφε, P Giss I. 72.10 (ii/A.D.) ]να γε κατὰ τοῦτο ἐν Χάκοις ὄντες ἡσθῶμεν ἐπὶ σοί. The compound ἡδονοκρασία = ";self-indulgence"; occurs in Aristeas 278 : cf. P Tor II. 8.67 (ii/B.C.) αὐτοκρασίαι τινι ἐκφερόμ (ενος).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5)NAS (5)HCS (5)
2 Peter1
2 Peter1
2 Peter1
List of Word Forms
ηδοναις ηδοναίς ἡδοναῖς ηδονή ηδονην ηδονήν ἡδονὴν ηδονής ηδονων ηδονών ἡδονῶν ήδυναν ήδυνάν ηδυνθείη ηδύνθη ηδύνθης ηδύνθησαν ηδύνουσι edonais ēdonais edonen ēdonēn edonon ēdonōn hedonais hedonaîs hēdonais hēdonaîs hedonen hedonḕn hēdonēn hēdonḕn hedonon hedonôn hēdonōn hēdonō̂n

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