ver. 2.0.14.09.23
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4434 - πτωχός

Transliteration:
ptōchós
Phonetics:
pto-khos'  
Word Origin:
from ptosso {to crouch, akin to (4422) and the alternate of (4098))
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
6:885,969
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms
  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour
    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches
    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end
    3. poor, needy
  3. lacking in anything
    1. as respects their spirit
      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');   779 ‑ אָרַר (aw‑rar');   1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);   2489 ‑ חֵלְכָא (khay‑lek‑aw', khay‑lek‑aw');   6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');   6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');   7326 ‑ רוּשׁ (roosh);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτωχός, ή, όν, also ός, όν A. Ag. 1274, S. OC 444, 751: beggar, Od. 14.400, 18.1, Hdt. 3.14, etc.; πρὸς γὰρ Διός εἰσιν ἅπαντες ξεῖνοί τε πτωχοί τε Od. 6.208, cf. 17.475; πτωχὸς πτωχῷ φθονέει Hes. Op. 26; π. ἀνὴρ ἀλαλήμενος ἐλθών Od. 21.327; π. καὶ ἀλήμονες ἄνδρες 19.74; πτωχοὺς ἀλᾶσθαι E. Med. 515; πτωχοῦ βίος ζῆν ἐστιν μηδὲν ἔχοντα, τοῦ δὲ πένητος ζῆν φειδόμενον Ar. Pl. 552: prov., πτωχοῦ πήρη οὐ πίμπλαται Call. Fr. 360: πτωχή beggar-woman, Ath. 10.453a (so πτωχός (fem.), S. OC 444 ); χήρα πτωχή Mark 12:42 .

2. metaph., οἱ π. τῷ πνεύματι Ev.Matthew 5:3, cf. Ev.Luke 6:20 .

II as Adj., beggarly, πτωχῷ διαίτῃ S. OC 751; π. στοιχεῖα Ep.Galatians 4:9 : c. gen., beggared of, poor in, [ πηγὴ] π. νυμφῶν AP 9.258 ( Antiphan. ).

2. Comp. πτωχότερος Timocl. 6.10; prov., π. κίγκλου 'as poor as a church mouse', Men. 221; irreg. πτωχίστερος Ar. Ach. 425: Sup. πτωχότατος AP 10.50 ( Pall. ).

3. Adv. -χῶς poorly, scantily, ἠροτρία π. μέν, ἀλλ' ἀναγκαίως Babr. 55.2 .

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (34)NAS (35)HCS (34)
Matthew5
Mark5
Luke10
John4
Romans1
2 Corinthians1
Galatians2
James4
Revelation2
Matthew5
Mark5
Luke10
John4
Romans1
2 Corinthians2
Galatians2
James4
Revelation2
Matthew5
Mark5
Luke10
John4
Romans1
2 Corinthians1
Galatians2
James4
Revelation2
List of Word Forms
πτωχα πτωχά πτωχὰ πτωχη πτωχή πτωχὴ πτωχοι πτωχοί πτωχοὶ πτωχοις πτωχοίς πτωχοῖς πτωχον πτωχόν πτωχὸν πτωχος πτωχός πτωχὸς πτωχού πτωχους πτωχούς πτωχοὺς πτωχω πτωχώ πτωχῷ πτωχων πτωχών πτωχῶν πύγαργον ptocha ptochà ptōcha ptōchà ptoche ptochḕ ptōchē ptōchḕ ptocho ptōchō ptochoi ptochoí ptochoì ptochôi ptōchoi ptōchoí ptōchoì ptōchō̂i ptochois ptochoîs ptōchois ptōchoîs ptochon ptochón ptochòn ptochôn ptōchon ptōchón ptōchòn ptōchōn ptōchō̂n ptochos ptochòs ptōchos ptōchòs ptochous ptochoús ptochoùs ptōchous ptōchoús ptōchoùs
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