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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7503 - רָפָה

Transliteration
râphâh
Phonetics
raw-faw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2198
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to sink, relax, sink down, let drop, be disheartened

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to sink down

1a2) to sink, drop

1a3) to sink, relax, abate

1a4) to relax, withdraw

1b) (Niphal) idle (participle)

1c) (Piel) to let drop

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to let drop, abandon, relax, refrain, forsake

1d2) to let go

1d3) to refrain, let alone

1d4) to be quiet

1e) (Hithpael) to show oneself slack

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 565 ‑ ἀπέρχομαι (ap‑erkh'‑om‑ahee);  770 ‑ ἀσθενέω (as‑then‑eh'‑o);  2827 ‑ κλίνω (klee'‑no);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  863 ‑ ἀφίημι (af‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  1439 ‑ ἐάω (eh‑ah'‑o);  1459 ‑ ἐγκαταλείπω (eng‑kat‑al‑i'‑po);  3973 ‑ παύω (pow'‑o);  4980 ‑ σχολάζω (skhol‑ad'‑zo);  2664 ‑ καταπαύω (kat‑ap‑ow'‑o);  3935 ‑ παρίημι (par‑ee'‑ay‑mi);  447 ‑ ἀνίημι (an‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  1590 ‑ ἐκλύω (ek‑loo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (46) NAS (50) HCS (45)
Exodus 3
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 3
Judges 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 3
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 4
Zephaniah 1
Exodus 3
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 3
Judges 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 3
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 4
Zephaniah 1
Exodus 4
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 3
Judges 2
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 3
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 4
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-hvms 2
v-pi3fp 2
v-pp3ms 1
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-tPms 1
v-hvms 2
v-pp3ms 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-tPms 1
v-tp2ms 1
v-hvms 2
v-pp3ms 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-tPms 1
v-tp2ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1454) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: Sick: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "man open". Wounds, sickness and illnesses are cured with medicines made from plant materials which were pulverized into a medicinal power.

A) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Idol AB: ?

im ) prt (תרפ TRP) - Idol: A household idol of a god, possible believed to have a healing power. KJV (15): image, teraphim, idol, idolatry - Strongs: H8655 (תְּרָפִים)

E) apr (רפא RPA) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: ?

V) apr (רפא RPA) - Heal: [df: hpr] KJV (67): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) heal, physician, cure, repair - Strongs: H7495 (רָפָה)

Nm ) apr (רפא RPA) - Dead: KJV (8): dead, deceased - Strongs: H7496 (רְפָאִים)

am) aprm (מרפא MRPA) - Health: KJV (16): healing, cure, healing, sound, wholesome, yielding - Strongs: H4832 (מַרְפֵּא)

df1) eafpr (רפואה RPWAH) - Medicine: KJV (3): medicine - Strongs: H7499 (רְפוּאָה)

ef3) tfapir (ריפאות RYPAWT) - Health: KJV (1): health - Strongs: H7500 (רִפְאוּת)

H) epr (רפה RPH) AC: Weak CO: ? AB: ?: One weakened by illness or disease.

V) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: To be weak from sickness, laziness or work. KJV (46): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) feeble, fail, weaken, go, alone, idle, stay, slack, faint, forsake, abate, cease - Strongs: H7503 (רָפָה)

Nm) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: KJV (4): weak - Strongs: H7504 (רָפֶה)

J) pfr (רופ RWP) AC: Pulverize CO: Medicine AB: ?

V) pfr (רופ RWP) - Pulverize: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) tremble - Strongs: H7322 (רוּף)

if1) epfrt (תרופה TRWPH) - Medicine: KJV (1): medicine - Strongs: H8644 (תְּרוּפָה)

M) pir (ריפ RYP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sick

Nf1 ) epir (ריפה RYPH) - Wheat: A grain pulverized with a mortar and pestle for making a flour. KJV (2): wheat, corn - Strongs: H7383 (רִפָה)

fjm) nfipir (ריפיונ RYPYWN) - Feeble: KJV (1): feeblenss - Strongs: H7510 (רִפָּיוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 רָפה verb sink, relax (Late Hebrew id., so Aramaic רפא (derived species), Zinjirli רפה Aph`el, ; Arabic an easy life is perhaps akin); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular Judges 19:9 (yet see below); 3 feminine singular רָֽפִ֑תָה Judges 8:3; Jeremiah 49:24, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְמֶּה Isaiah 5:24, וַיִּרֶף Exodus 4:26 (see below), etc.; —

1 sink down, of hay in flame Isaiah 5:24; sink, decline, of day Judges 19:9 (si vera lectio; ᵐ5 L κέκλικεν, GFM נָטָה [but how explain the difficult רפה?]). Usu.

2 sink, drop (of wings, see

Pi`el), of hands, with מִן Nehemiah 6:9 their hands will drop from the work (in fear); elsewhere absolute figurative = lose heart, energy, 2 Samuel 4:1; Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 50:43; Ezekiel 7:17; Ezekiel 21:12; Zephaniah 3:16; יָרַיִם omitted Jeremiah 49:24.

3 sink, relax, abate, of temper Judges 8:3 (+ מֵעַל person).

4 relax, withdraw, subject ׳י, מִן person Exodus 4:26 (J), i.e. let one alone (but read perhaps וַיֶרֶף, see Hiph`il).

Niph`al Participle plural נִרְמִּים idle Exodus 5:8,17 (J).

Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular רִמָּה Job 12:21; Imperfect 3 feminine plural תְּרַמֶּינָה Ezekiel 1:24,25; Participle מְרַמֵּא (Ges§ 75rr) Jeremiah 38:4; plural מְמִַּים Ezra 4:4; — causative: let wings drop Ezekiel 1:24,25 (read

Qal, כנפיהם subject, ᵐ5 Co Toy Krae and others, who strike out in Ezekiel 1:25); loosen and let drop, girdle of mighty, figurative for weaken them Job 12:21; with accusative hands, figurative for enfeeble, dishearten Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.

Hiph`il Imperfect, 3 masculine singular suffix יַרְמְּךָ Deuteronomy 4:31 +; jussive 2 masculine singular תֶּ֫רֶף Joshua 10:6 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַרְמֵּה Judges 11:37; 2 Kings 4:27; הֶֶ֫רֶךָ Deuteronomy 9:14 +; masculine plural הַרְמּוּ Psalm 46:11; — causative,

1 let drop, the hand 2 Samuel 24:16 = 1 Chronicles 21:15; figurative, + מִן person, = abandon, Joshua 10:6 (JE); perhaps also (יָד omitted) = relax, refrain Exodus 4:26 (reading וַיֶרֶף, see

Qal); accusative of thing, = abandon, forsake, Nehemiah 6:3, so (subject ׳י) Psalm 138:8; subject ׳י, with accusative of person, Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 31:6,8; Joshua 1:5 (D), 1 Chronicles 28:20.

2 let go, suffix person, Song of Solomon 3:4 (opposed to אחז); figurative, accusative (omitted) מוּסָר, Proverbs 4:13 (opposed to החזיק), צְדָקָה Job 27:6 (opposed to id.).

3 refrain, with מִן person, = let one alone Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14, מִן of anger Psalm 37:8; with ל person 1 Samuel 11:3; 2 Kings 4:27; accusative of person Job 7:19; absolute let alone, i.e. do nothing, be quiet, 1 Samuel 15:16; Psalm 46:11 (compare Weir in Dr 1 Samuel 15:16). — Jeremiah 3:22; Job 5:18; Psalm 60:4 see רָפָא.

Hithpa`el Perfect 2 masculine singular הִתְרַמִּיתָ Proverbs 24:10 hast shewn thyself slack; Participle מִתְרַמֶּה Proverbs 18:9 one shewing himself slack, plural מִתְרַמִּים Joshua 18:3. — See also רָפָא heal.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
אַרְפְּךָ֖ אַרְפֶּ֑הָ אַרְפֶּ֔הָ אַרְפֶּ֔נּוּ ארפה ארפך ארפנו הִ֭תְרַפִּיתָ הֶ֚רֶף הֶ֣רֶף הֶ֤רֶף הַרְפֵּ֨ה הַרְפֵּֽה־ הַרְפּ֣וּ הרף הרפה הרפה־ הרפו התרפית וְרָפ֣וּ וְרָפ֨וּ וַיִּ֖רֶף וַיִּרְפּ֖וּ וירף וירפו ורפו יִרְפֶּ֔ה יִרְפּ֖וּ יִרְפּ֥וּ יִרְפּ֧וּ יַרְפְּךָ֖ יַרְפְּךָ֙ ירפה ירפו ירפך מְרַפִּ֖ים מְרַפֵּ֡א מִתְרַפִּ֔ים מִתְרַפֶּ֣ה מרפא מרפים מתרפה מתרפים נִרְפִּ֑ים נִרְפִּ֣ים נִרְפִּ֥ים נרפים רִפָּֽה׃ רָפ֣וּ רָפְתָ֤ה רָפְתָ֥ה רָפָ֨ה רפה רפה׃ רפו רפתה תְּרַפֶּ֥ינָה תִּרְפֶּ֑ינָה תֶּ֑רֶף תֶּ֥רֶף תֶּֽרֶף׃ תַ֝רְפֵּ֗נִי תרף תרף׃ תרפינה תרפני ’ar·pe·hā ’ar·pə·ḵā ’ar·pen·nū ’arpehā ’arpəḵā ’arpennū arpeCha arPeha arPennu har·pêh har·pêh- har·pū harPeh harpêh harpêh- harPu harpū he·rep̄ Heref herep̄ hiṯ·rap·pî·ṯā Hitrappita hiṯrappîṯā mə·rap·pê mə·rap·pîm merapPe mərappê merapPim mərappîm miṯ·rap·peh miṯ·rap·pîm mitrapPeh miṯrappeh mitrapPim miṯrappîm nir·pîm nirPim nirpîm rā·p̄āh rā·p̄ə·ṯāh rā·p̄ū raFah rafeTah raFu rāp̄āh rāp̄əṯāh rāp̄ū rip·pāh ripPah rippāh ṯar·pê·nî tarPeni ṯarpênî tə·rap·pe·nāh te·rep̄ terapPeinah tərappenāh Teref terep̄ tir·pe·nāh tirPeinah tirpenāh vaiYiref vaiyirPu veraFu way·yi·rep̄ way·yir·pū wayyirep̄ wayyirpū wə·rā·p̄ū wərāp̄ū yar·pə·ḵā yarpeCha yarpəḵā yir·peh yir·pū yirpeh yirPu yirpū

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