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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #1354 - גַּב

Word Origin:
from an unused root
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) convex surface, back

1a) back (of man)

1b) mound (for illicit worship)

1c) boss (convex projection of shield)

1d) bulwarks, breastworks (of arguments — figuratively)

1e) brow, eyebrow

1f) rim (of wheel)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3577 ‑ νῶτος (no'‑tos);   3612 ‑ οἴκημα (oy'‑kay‑mah);   3790 ‑ ὀφρύς (of‑roos');  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (13)NAS (13)HCS (12)
1 Kings1
1 Kings1
1 Kings1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1048) bc (גב GB) AC: Lift CO: Back AB: ?: The high arched curve of the back when digging.

A) bc (גב GB) AC: ? CO: Arch AB: ?

Nm/f ) bc (גב GB) - I. Arch:The arch of the back when digging. Also any high arched or convex thing such as the eyebrow, rim of a wheel, locust, etc. [df: Pg]II. Pit:The work of the back of digging a pit or trench. KJV (18): back, eminent place, rings, bodies, bosses, eyebrows, naves, higher place, pit, beam, ditch, locust, den - Strongs: H1354 (גַּב), H1355 (גַּב), H1356 (גֵּב), H1357 (גֵּבָה), H1610 (גַּף)

E) abc (גבא GBA) AC: Dig CO: Cistern AB: ?: The work of the back of digging a pit for collecting water.

Nm) abc (גבא GBA) - Cistern: KJV (3): pit, marshes - Strongs: H1360 (גֶּבֶא)

H) ebc (גבה GBH) AC: Lift CO: High AB: ?: From the high arch of the back when digging. Something that is lifted up high. This can be something physical or mental such as pride as the lifting up of the heart.

V) ebc (גבה GBH) - Lift: To lift something up high. KJV (34): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) exalt, up, haughty, higher, high, above, height, proud, upward - Strongs: H1361 (גָּבַהּ)

Nm) ebc (גבה GBH) - High: KJV (4): high, proud - Strongs: H1362 (גָּבֵהַּ)

Nf3) tfebc (גבהות GBHWT) - Lofty: KJV (2): lofty, loftiness - Strongs: H1365 (גַּבְהוּת)

cm) efbc (גבוה GBWH) - High: KJV (37): high, higher, lofty, exceeding, haughty, height, highest, proud, proudly - Strongs: H1364 (גָּבוֹהַּ)

gm) ebfc (גובה GWBH) - High: KJV (17): height, excellency, haughty, loftiness - Strongs: H1363 (גֹּבַהּ)

J) bfc (גוב GWB) AC: Dig CO: Pit AB: ?

V) bfc (גוב GWB) - Dig: KJV (1): (vf: Paal, Participle) husbandman - Strongs: H1461 (גּוּב)

Nm) bfc (גוב GWB) - I. Pit:As dug out of the ground. [Aramaic only] II. Locust:A digging insect. KJV (12): grasshopper, den - Strongs: H1358 (גֹּב), H1462 (גּוֹב)

L) bci (יגב YGB) AC: Dig CO: Field AB: ?

V) bci (יגב YGB) - Dig: KJV (2): (vf: Paal) husbandman - Strongs: H3009 (יָגַב)

Nm) bci (יגב YGB) - Field: A place plowed/dug for planting crops. KJV (1): field - Strongs: H3010 (יָגֵב)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ גַּב back, etc., see below גבב

[גָּב], גָּבִים see גוב.

גַּב noun masculine:? compare Ezekiel 43:13 ( feminine Ezekiel 1:18) anything convex, curved, gibbous, e.g. back, chiefly late; — absolute גָּ֑ב Ezekiel 16:24; construct גַּב Ezekiel 43:13 (read גֹּבַהּᵐ5 Ew Sm Co); suffix גַּבִּי Psalm 129:3, גַּבֵךְ Ezekiel 16:31,39; plural construct גַּבֹּת Leviticus 14:9, גַּבֵּי Job 13:12; Job 15:26; suffix גַּבֵּיהֶם 1 Kings 7:33, גַּבֵּהֶם Ezekiel 10:12, גַּבֵּיהֶן Ezekiel 1:18, גַֹּבֹּתָם Ezekiel 1:18; —

1 back, of man (figurative of Israel) Psalm 129:3; apparently of cherubim Ezekiel 10:12, but Hi Sm emend v. so that ׳גּ refers to wheels, rim see 6 below

2 mound, for illicit worship Ezekiel 16:24,31,39 (all "" רמה); ᵐ5ᵑ9 lupanar, brothel, after analogy of fornix, but this without sufficient proof, & needless.

3 boss, or convex projection, of shield Job 15:26 (figurative) he runneth against him... with the stout bosses of his shields (i.e. wicked against ׳י); so in Arabic in similar phrase; compare also Arabic , shield; also French bouclier from boucle.

4 bulwarks, breastworks, figurative for arguments לְגַבֵּיחֹֿמֶר גַּבֵּיכֶם Job 13:12 breastworks of clay are your breastworks.

5 brow, only גַּבֹּת עֵינָיו Leviticus 14:9 his eyebrows.

6 rim of wheel, felloe 1 Kings 7:33; Ezekiel 1:18 (twice in verse); so perhaps Ezekiel 10:12 see 1 above — Ezekiel 43:13; elevation, i.e. basement of altar, Da after Matthew , but see גֹּבַהּ, compare above


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

גַּב with suffix גַּבִּי, pl. גַּבִּים and גַּבּוֹת (see No. 5, 6) from the root גָּבַב No. 1, pr. something gibbous, something curved like an arch or a bow.

(1) the back of animals, Ezekiel 10:12 and of men, Psalms 129:3, עַל גַּבִּי חָֽרְשׁוּ חֹרְשִׁים “the plowers plowed upon my back,” i.e. they cut my back with stripes as the ground is cut with a plough.(2) back, boss of a shield (comp. Arab. جَوْبُ shield, and French bouclier from boucle). Job 15:26, it is said proverbially, יָרוּץ אֵלָיובַּעֲבִי גַּבֵּי מָגִנָּיו “he rushes upon him … with thick bosses of shields,” a metaphor taken from soldiers, who join their shields closely together like a testudo, and so make an onset. Comp. Schult. ad loc. cit.; Har. Cons. xxiii, p. 231; xl. 454, ed. de Sacy. Hence

(3) bulwark, fortress, Job 13:12, גַּבֵּי חֹמֶר גַּבֵּיכֶם “fortresses of clay (are) your fortresses.” This is to be understood of the weak and feeble arguments with which the adversaries are defending themselves (comp. Isaiah 41:21). So Arab. ظهر back for bulwark.

(4) a vaulted house, a vault, specially used of a brothel or chamber, where harlots prostituted themselves (like the Lat. fornix, Juven. iii. 156), Ezekiel 16:24, 31 Ezekiel 16:31, 39 Ezekiel 16:39. LXX. οἴκημα πορνικόν, πορνεῖον.

(5) rim, circumference of wheels. Plur. גַּבִּים 1 Kings 7:33 גַּבּוֹת Ezekiel 1:18.

(6) the eyebrow, as if the bow of the eye. Pl. גַּבּוֹת Leviticus 14:9. Arab. جُبَّةُ the bone above which the eyebrow grows.

(7) back, i.e. surface of the altar. Ezekiel 43:13. LXX. τὸ ὕψος τοῦ θυσιαοτηρίου. So the Gr. νῶτος used of the surface of the sea, land, &c. Equivalent to this is גַּג הַמִּזְבֵּחַ Exodus 30:3, 37:26 so that it may be doubted whether it should not be so read.

גַּב Ch. i.q. Heb. back, pl. backs, for sing. like the Gr. τὰ νῶτα. Daniel 7:6 כתיב, “and that beast had four wings עַל גַּבַּיהּ on its back.” גַּבַּהּ קרי. LXX. ἐπάνω αὐτῆς. Theod. ὑπεράνω αὐτῆς. Vulg. super se.

List of Word Forms
גֶּ֑ב גַּ֥ב גַּ֭בִּי גַּבֵּ֥י גַּבֵּיכֶֽם׃ גַּבֵּךְ֙ גַּבֹּ֣ת גַבֵּךְ֙ גב גבי גביכם׃ גבך גבת וְגַ֨בֵּיהֶ֔ן וְגַבֵּהֶ֔ם וְגַבֵּיהֶ֗ם וְגַבֹּתָ֗ם וגבהם וגביהם וגביהן וגבתם לְגַבֵּי־ לגבי־ gaḇ gab·bê gab·bê·ḵem gab·bêḵ ḡab·bêḵ gab·bî gab·bōṯ gabbê gabbeCh gabBei gabbeiChem gabbêḵ ḡabbêḵ gabbêḵem Gabbi gabbî gabBot gabbōṯ gav geḇ Gev lə·ḡab·bê- ləḡabbê- legabbei vegabbeHem vegabbeiHem veGabbeiHen vegabboTam wə·ḡab·bê·hem wə·ḡab·bê·hen wə·ḡab·bō·ṯām wəḡabbêhem wəḡabbêhen wəḡabbōṯām

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