corner graphic   Hi,    
Facebook image
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #1571 - גַּם

Word Origin:
by contraction from an unused root
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) also, even, indeed, moreover, yea

1a) also, moreover (giving emphasis)

1b) neither, neither...nor (with negative)

1c) even (for stress)

1d) indeed, yea (introducing climax)

1e) also (of correspondence or retribution)

1f) but, yet, though (adversative)

1g) even, yea, yea though (with ‘when’ in hypothetical case)

2) (TWOT) again, alike

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 230 ‑ ἀληθῶς (al‑ay‑thoce');  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (34)NAS (639)HCS (619)
1 Samuel2
2 Samuel2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
1 Samuel44
2 Samuel36
1 Kings24
2 Kings16
1 Chronicles11
2 Chronicles32
Song of Solomon1
1 Samuel45
2 Samuel33
1 Kings27
2 Kings13
1 Chronicles12
2 Chronicles29
Song of Solomon2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1059) mc (גמ GM) AC: Gather CO: Foot AB: ?: The pictograph c is a picture of the foot and means to walk. The m is water. Combined these mean "walking to water". The watering well or other place of water is a gathering place for men, animals and plants for drinking. Men and animals may walk great distances for these watering holes while plants grow in abundance in them. (eng: game - from the Latin word game meaning leg)

A) mc (גמ GM) AC: Gather CO: ? AB: ?: Any gathering of people, things or ideas.

Nm) mc (גמ GM) - Also: Through the idea of a gathering of objects or ideas. KJV (34): also, as, again, and - Strongs: H1571 (גַּם)

kf1) emcm (מגמה MGMH) - Gather: A horde or troop gathered. KJV (1): sup up - Strongs: H4041 (מְגַמָּה)

C) mca (אגמ AGM) AC: ? CO: Pool AB: ?: The place of gathering of reeds. Ropes are made from the fibers of the reeds.

Nm) mca (אגמ AGM) - I. Pool:A collection of water. II. Reed:KJV (10): pools, standing, reeds - Strongs: H98 (אֲגַם), H99 (אָגֵם)

jm) nfmca (אגמונ AGMWN) - Reed: As a large gathering in a pond. Also a rope that is made from reeds from reeds. KJV (5): rush, bulrushes, caldron, hook - Strongs: H100 (אַגְמוֹן)

E) amc (גמא GMA) AC: Drink CO: Reed AB: ?: A plant that grows near the water.

V) amc (גמא GMA) - Drink: A drinking of water as from a pond. KJV (2): (vf: Hiphil, Piel) swallow, drink - Strongs: H1572 (גָּמָא)

Nm) amc (גמא GMA) - Reed: As a large gathering in a pond. KJV (4): rush, bulrush - Strongs: H1573 (גֹּמֶא)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ גַּם768 adverb denoting addition, also, moreover, yea (Moabite id., also Zinjirli (Lzb250 Cooke166); probably akin to √ ; compare (accusative) in a mass, altogether) —

1 also, moreover, emphasizing sometimes the thought of an entire sentence, but more usually the word immediately following, as Genesis 3:6 וַתִּתֵּן גַּם לְאִישָׁהּ and gave also to her husband, Genesis 3:27 and take also of the tree of life, Genesis 7:3; Genesis 19:21; Genesis 24:19; Genesis 26:21; Genesis 29:27; Genesis 30:15; Genesis 32:21 (גַּם הִגֵּה ֗֗֗ : so Esther 7:9) Genesis 48:11; Exodus 8:28; Exodus 12:32 b Deuteronomy 1:37; 1 Samuel 28:20; 2 Samuel 11:12; 2 Kings 9:27; Isaiah 7:13 +. Often before pronouns, Genesis 4:4 וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם הוּא and Abel, he also brought, Genesis 20:5 וְהִיאגַֿםהִֿוא (so only here) and she herself also, Genesis 20:6; Genesis 27:31 וַיַּעַשׂ גַּם הוּא, Genesis 30:8; Deuteronomy 3:20; Judges 3:31; Judges 6:35; Judges 9:19; 1 Samuel 19:20-24Jeremiah 12:6; Jeremiah 48:26 etc. (compare MI6 ויאמר גם הא): especially in Genealogies of J (Bu Urg. 220) Genesis 4:22,26; Genesis 10:21; Genesis 19:38; Genesis 22:20,24compare Judges 8:31. גַּם followed by pronoun also begins a sentence with emphasis in an elevated style, thou (they) also, Isaiah 14:10; Jeremiah 12:6 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 48:7; Ezekiel 16:52; Nahum 3:11 (twice in verse). After a pronoun in an oblique case (Ges§ 135, 2) Genesis 27:34; 1 Samuel 19:23; 2 Samuel 17:5; Jeremiah 25:14; Jeremiah 27:7 +. וְגַם and also (more often than גַּם alone attaching a sentence) Genesis 6:4; Genesis 14:16; Genesis 15:14; Genesis 17:16; Genesis 20:12; Genesis 24:14,46; Genesis 30:6; Genesis 37:7; Genesis 38:24; Genesis 42:28; Exodus 2:19; Exodus 3:9; Exodus 4:14; Joshua 7:11 (5t.) 1 Samuel 4:17; 1 Kings 21:19 + often; with a negative = neither Exodus 5:2; Exodus 34:3 and elsewhere — גַּם ֗֗֗ גַּם (like et ... et) both ... and Genesis 44:16; Genesis 47:3,19; Numbers 18:3; Jeremiah 51:12; Psalm 49:3 +: גַּם ֗֗֗ גַּם֗֗֗ גַּם Genesis 24:25; Judges 8:22; Ecclesiastes 9:6: with a negative neither ... nor Numbers 23:25; 1 Samuel 20:27; 1 Kings 3:26, and (3t.) Genesis 43:8; Exodus 4:10; 1 Samuel 28:6. So (but seldom) גַּםוְ֗֗֗גַם Genesis 24:44; Exodus 10:25f.; 1 Samuel 2:26; 1 Samuel 12:14; 1 Samuel 26:25: with negative 1 Samuel 21:9. — N.B. In poetry independence and emphasis is sometimes given by גַּם to a new idea, where in English we should be satisfied with and: Psalm 107:5; Psalm 137:1; Job 24:19; Song of Solomon 7:14; Lamentations 4:15.

2 with stress on a particular word, even, Exodus 4:9; Numbers 22:33 גַּם אוֺתְךָ even thee I had slain, and kept her alive, 2 Samuel 17:10; Jeremiah 2:33; Psalm 132:12; Proverbs 14:13 even in laughter the heart is sorrowful, Proverbs 14:20; Proverbs 17:28; Proverbs 20:11; Ruth 2:15; Nehemiah 3:35; and so often after כִּי, Deuteronomy 12:31 for even their sons they burn in the fire to their gods, 1 Samuel 22:17; Isaiah 26:12; Jeremiah 6:11; Jeremiah 12:6; Jeremiah 14:5; Hosea 9:12 כִּיגַֿםאֿוֺי לָהֶם for even woe is it to them when I depart from them; הֲגַם Genesis 16:13; 1 Samuel 10:11,12 = 1 Samuel 19:24; 1 Kings 17:20; Psalm 78:20; Job 41:1; Esther 7:8. Other cases: — 1 Samuel 24:12 רְאֵה גַּם רְאֵה see, yea see ! (but Hup Qu. Job vi. גַּם רָאֹה: compare below) Psalm 118:11; Job 2:10 גַּם אֶתהַֿטּוֺב נְקַבֵּל shall we receive good (emphatic) from God and not evil ? Job 21:7; interposed once between a substantive and adjective Genesis 20:4 Gentemne etiam justam interficies? emphasizing כֹּל, Deuteronomy 28:61; Judges 9:49b 1 Samuel 22:7 גַּםֿלְכֻלְּכֶם to all (emphatic) of you will he give ...? 2 Samuel 19:31 גַּם אֶתהַֿכֹּל יִקָּ֑ח yea, the whole let him take! Isaiah 26:12; אֶחָד 2 Samuel 17:12 b and we will not leave גַּם אֶחָד ֗֗֗ even one (similarly 2 Samuel 17:13 b), Psalm 14:3 (= Psalm 53:4) אֵין גַּם אֶחָד; an infinitive or cognate accusative attached to a verb, Genesis 31:15; Genesis 46:4; Numbers 11:15; Numbers 16:13; 1 Samuel 1:6. גַּם שְׁנֵיהֶם literally even both i.e. the one as well as the other (German alle beide) is said idiomatically, Genesis 27:45 (שְׁנֵיכֶם), Deuteronomy 22:22; Deuteronomy 23:19; 1 Samuel 25:43 (שְׁתֵּיהֶן), Proverbs 17:15; Proverbs 20:10,12; Ruth 1:5.

3 introducing a climax, yea, especially in a rhetorical style, Genesis 27:33; Deuteronomy 23:3; Deuteronomy 23:4; Judges 5:4 (twice in verse); Isaiah 13:3; Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 43:13 yea, from to-day I am the same, Isaiah 44:12 גַּם רָעֵב yea, he is hungry, and has no strength, Isaiah 47:3; Isaiah 48:8 (3t. in verse); Isaiah 57:7; Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 48:2; Jeremiah 51:44; Hosea 7:9; Psalm 41:10; Psalm 84:7; Psalm 139:12; Isaiah 66:8 כִּיחָֿ֫לָה גַּםיָָֽֿלְדָה, צִיּוֺן אֶתבָּֿנֶיהָ, Jeremiah 5:28; Jeremiah 12:2; Ezekiel 24:5; Job 21:7; Song of Solomon 8:1: emphasizing an extreme, or aggravated, case, yea, even, Isaiah 49:15 yea, these may forgot, Jeremiah 8:17 yea, the stork knoweth, etc., Isaiah 23:12 גַּם שָׁם even there no rest shall be for thee (so Psalm 139:10), Isaiah 49:25; Isaiah 57:6; Jeremiah 23:11 b; Malachi 3:15; Psalm 84:4.

4 expressing correspondence, especially in the matter of retribution (the גַּם correlativum), so frequently גַּם אֲנִי, גַּם אָנֹכִי I also (on my part): — Genesis 20:6 I also [as well as thyself] know that thou hast done this innocently, Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:21; 1 Samuel 1:28 (compare Dr) 1 Samuel 28:22 גַּם אַתָּה thou also (as I have done 1 Samuel 28:21), 2 Samuel 12:13 ׳י also [responding to thy confession] hath removed thy sin, 2 Kings 2:3,5; Isaiah 31:2; Isaiah 66:3-4 (גם ֗֗֗ גם, emphasizing the action of both parties), Jeremiah 2:36; Jeremiah 4:12 now will I also [in correspondence with their deeds] speak judgments with them, Jeremiah 7:11; Jeremiah 51:49 (גם ֗֗֗ גם), Ezekiel 5:8,11; Ezekiel 16:43 (וְגַם = therefore also), Ezekiel 23:35; Hosea 4:6 because thou hast forgotten the direction of thy God, I also (on my part) will forget thy children, Psalm 52:7 (thou lovest evil, etc.) גַּםאֵל יִתָּצְךָ God also (on his part) will pluck thee up, Psalm 71:22; Psalm 133:1; Proverbs 1:26; Job 7:11; Job 12:3; Job 16:4; so וְגַם Judges 2:3; Amos 4:6,7; Micah 6:13; Malachi 2:9. In the apodosis (uncommon): Genesis 13:16 if a man could number the dust of the earth, גַּם זַרְעֲךָ יִמָּנֶה thy seed also should be numbered, Jeremiah 31:36,37; Jeremiah 33:21,26; Zechariah 8:6. The correspondence is sometimes of the nature of a climax: Genesis 27:33; Genesis 30:8 I have wrestled, גַּם יָכֹלְתִּי (compare 1 Kings 22:22 וְגַם תּוּכָ֔ל, Jeremiah 50:24), Isaiah 66:8.

5 connecting two ideas which express (or imply) a contradiction, גַּם acquires sometimes an adversative force (compare אַף 1 end), yet, but, though: Psalm 95:9 they tried me, but also (Che) saw my work (namely of judgment), Psalm 129:2; Jeremiah 6:15 = Jeremiah 8:12; Ezekiel 20:23; Ecclesiastes 4:8,16; Ecclesiastes 5:18; Nehemiah 6:1. So וְגַם Ezekiel 16:28; Ezekiel 20:15; Ecclesiastes 3:13; Ecclesiastes 6:7; Nehemiah 5:8.

6גַּם כִּי (with imperfect) yea, when Lamentations 3:8, even when Proverbs 22:6; yea though (stating an imagined case) Isaiah 1:15; Hosea 8:10; Hosea 9:16; Psalm 23:4 (so גַּם אִם Ecclesiastes 8:17); also (is it) that Ruth 2:21 (see כִּי 1 d). כִּי גַם = for even (see above 2); = though even, although (conceding a fact) Ecclesiastes 4:14 (see De) Ecclesiastes 8:12.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

גַּם prop. subst. addition, accumulation; hence part. indicating accession, like אַף (which see).

(1)  also, Genesis 3:6, 22 7:3 19:21, 35 Genesis 19:35, 30:15 35:17, etc. It is prefixed to the words to which it refers, like the Lat. etiam; but when words are repeated for the sake of emphasis, it is put between them; as with pronouns, הִיא גַּם הִיא she herself also, Genesis 20:5 בְּפִיו גַּם הוּא in his mouth also, 2 Samuel 17:5; Proverbs 23:15; Genesis 27:34 (comp. Gram. § 92, 1; [119, 4]; Lehrg. § 191); used with verbs, Genesis 46:4, וְאָנֹכִי אַעַלְךָ גַם עָלֹה “and I will also come up with thee.” Genesis 31:15; 1 Samuel 1:6. It is sometimes put at the beginning of a sentence, referring not to the nearest word, but to one more remote. Genesis 16:13, הֲגַם הֲלֹם רָאִיתִי אַחֲרֵי רֹאִי “do I here see (i.e. live) also after the vision (of God)?” Proverbs 19:2, 20:11 Isaiah 30:33. (Observe the same thing of the part. אַךְ Isaiah 34:14 רַק Isaiah 28:19.) Poet. used sometimes for the simple וְ (compare Dan. og and); Joel 1:12; Judges 5:4; Psalms 137:1. גַּםגַּם also … also, both, and, Genesis 24:25, 43:8 Exodus 12:31 that … so, Jeremiah 51:12 and even put three times, Isaiah 48:8 גַּםוְגַם Genesis 24:44.

(2) Not unfrequently it is used as an intensitive, even (see אַף No. 1 ). Proverbs 14:20, 17:26 Joel 3:2 with a particle of negation, not even, Psal. 14:3 53:4 2 Samuel 17:12, 13 2 Samuel 17:13(comp. עַד No. 3, a).

(3) It often only serves to make a sentence emphatic, and sometimes may be rendered yea, indeed, truly, or else it shews that the next word takes a considerable emphasis. Job 18:5, גַּם אוֹר רְשָׁעִים יִדְעָךְ “yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out.” 1 Samuel 24:12, רְאֵה גַּם רְאֵה see, yea, see (fiehe, fiehe doch!). Genesis 29:30, “and he loved Rachel more than Leah.” Job 2:10, “shall we receive good from the Lord, and shall we not,” etc. Hosea 9:12, “for woe to them!” Genesis 42:22; Job 13:16, 16:19 Isaiah 66:4. So גַּם שְׁנַיִם alle bende, both together, Genesis 27:45; Proverbs 17:15, 20:10, 12 Proverbs 20:12; 1 Samuel 4:17, גַּם כֹּל all together, alle zufammen; 2 Samuel 19:31; Psalms 25:3. גַּם עַתָּה Germ. nun gut, Genesis 44:10.

(4) גַּם־כִּי even if, followed by a fut. Isaiah 1:15; Hosea 8:10, 9:16 and without כִּי Isaiah 49:15; Psalms 95:9. There also occurs כִּי גַם Ecclesiastes 4:14, 8:12.

(5) advers. however, but, chiefly followed by a negative part. Psalms 129:2; Ecclesiastes 4:16; Ezekiel 16:28.

List of Word Forms
בְּשַׁגַּ֖ם בשגם גַ֤ם גַּ֕ם גַּ֖ם גַּ֗ם גַּ֚ם גַּ֛ם גַּ֝ם גַּ֞ם גַּ֠ם גַּ֣ם גַּ֣ם ׀ גַּ֤ם גַּ֤ם ׀ גַּ֥ם גַּ֧ם גַּ֭ם גַּֽם־ גַּם֩ גַּם֮ גַּם־ גַֽם־ גַם־ גם גם־ הֲ֠גַם הֲגַ֖ם הֲגַ֥ם הֲגַם־ הגם הגם־ וְ֝גַ֗ם וְ֠גַם וְגַ֕ם וְגַ֖ם וְגַ֗ם וְגַ֛ם וְגַ֡ם וְגַ֣ם וְגַ֣ם ׀ וְגַ֤ם וְגַ֥ם וְגַ֧ם וְגַ֨ם וְגַ֨ם־ וְגַֽם־ וְגַם֙ וְגַם֩ וְגַם־ וגם וגם־ שֶׁגַּם־ שגם־ bə·šag·gam bəšaggam beshagGam gam ḡam gam- ḡam- gamoSha hă·ḡam hă·ḡam- haGam hăḡam hăḡam- šeg·gam- šeggam- sheggam veGam wə·ḡam wə·ḡam- wəḡam wəḡam-

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 3rd, 2016
the First Week of Advent
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל
מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת 
Prev Entry
Next Entry
Download the Language Fonts
Below you will find links to the TrueType font(s) used in this resource. Simply right-mouse click the link and save it to your fonts

Once you have finished you might need to close all open browsers and open your fonts directory to initialized the font(s) you just installed.

SIL Ezra Hebrew font
AHL Early Hebrew font
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology