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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #2091 - זָהָב

Transliteration:
zâhâb
Phonetics:
zaw-hawb'  
Word Origin:
from an unused root meaning to shimmer
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
TWOT:
529a
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs' | Strong's ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition
  1. gold
    1. as precious metal
    2. as a measure of weight
    3. of brilliance, splendour (fig.)
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3509 ‑ νέφος (nef'‑os);   5552 ‑ χρύσεος (khroo'‑seh‑os);   5553 ‑ χρυσίον (khroo‑see'‑on);   5557 ‑ χρυσός (khroo‑sos');  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (389)NAS (387)HCS (383)
Genesis8
Exodus88
Leviticus1
Numbers23
Deuteronomy4
Joshua5
Judges2
1 Samuel6
2 Samuel6
1 Kings33
2 Kings13
1 Chronicles17
2 Chronicles41
Ezra12
Nehemiah3
Esther6
Job8
Psalms8
Proverbs7
Ecclesiastes2
Song of Solomon3
Isaiah11
Jeremiah5
Lamentations1
Ezekiel7
Daniel3
Hosea2
Joel1
Nahum1
Habakkuk1
Zephaniah1
Haggai1
Zechariah5
Malachi1
Genesis8
Exodus88
Leviticus1
Numbers23
Deuteronomy4
Joshua5
Judges2
1 Samuel6
2 Samuel6
1 Kings33
2 Kings13
1 Chronicles17
2 Chronicles41
Ezra12
Nehemiah3
Esther6
Job8
Psalms8
Proverbs7
Ecclesiastes2
Song of Solomon3
Isaiah11
Jeremiah5
Lamentations1
Ezekiel7
Daniel3
Hosea2
Joel1
Nahum1
Habakkuk1
Zephaniah1
Haggai1
Zechariah5
Malachi1
Genesis9
Exodus103
Leviticus1
Numbers24
Deuteronomy4
Joshua5
Judges3
1 Samuel7
2 Samuel6
1 Kings42
2 Kings15
1 Chronicles23
2 Chronicles48
Ezra13
Nehemiah3
Esther6
Job8
Psalms8
Proverbs7
Ecclesiastes2
Song of Solomon3
Isaiah11
Jeremiah6
Lamentations1
Ezekiel8
Daniel3
Hosea2
Joel1
Nahum1
Habakkuk1
Zephaniah1
Haggai1
Zechariah6
Malachi1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1140) bz (זב ZB) AC: Issue CO: Yellow AB: ?: The pictograph z is an agricultural implement representing the idea of harvest or food. The b is a representation of the house. Combined these pictures mean "the food of the house". The main staple of the Hebrews was grain and is yellow in color. This grain was usually ground into a meal for making breads.

C) bza (אזב AZB) AC: ? CO: Hyssop AB: ?

cm ) bfza (אזוב AZWB) - Hyssop: From its yellowish color. KJV (10): hyssop - Strongs: H231 (אֵזוֹב)

D) baz (זאב ZAB) AC: ? CO: Wolf AB: ?

Nm ) baz (זאב ZAB) - Wolf: A yellowish colored animal. KJV (7): wolf - Strongs: H2061 (זְאֵב)

G) bez (זהב ZHB) AC: Gleam CO: Gold AB: ?

V) bez (זהב ZHB) - Gleam: The shine of gold. [df: bhu] KJV (1): (vf: Hophal) fine - Strongs: H6668 (צָהַב)

Nm ) bez (זהב ZHB) - Gold: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: bhd] KJV (412): gold, golden - Strongs: H1722 (דְּהַב), H2091 (זָהָב)

af1 ) ebezm (מזהבה MZHBH) - Gold: [df: hbhdm] KJV (1): golden city - Strongs: H4062 (מַדְהֵבָה)

cm ) bfez (זהוב ZHWB) - Yellow: [df: bhu] KJV (3): yellow - Strongs: H6669 (צָהֹב)

J) bfz (זוב ZWB) AC: Issue CO: Puss AB: ?: A yellow discharge.

V) bfz (זוב ZWB) - Issue: A flowing out of something. KJV (42): (vf: Paal, Participle) flow, issue, gush - Strongs: H2100 (זוּב)

Nm) bfz (זוב ZWB) - Issue: KJV (13): issue - Strongs: H2101 (זוֹב)

Adopted Roots:

A3031 Bzbn

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 זָהָב385 noun masculine Genesis 2:12 gold (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic Sabean דֿהב e.g. Os29 DHM ZMG 1883,338; Aramaic דְּהַב, , Palmyrene דהבא Vog No. 23) — ׳ז absolute Genesis 2:11 364t.; construct Genesis 2:12 6t.; suffix זְהָבִי 1 Kings 20:7 2t.; זְהָֽבְךָ 1 Kings 20:3,5; זְהָבֶ֑ךָ Isaiah 30:22; זְהָבוֺ Isaiah 2:20; Isaiah 31:7; זְהָבָם Hosea 8:4 4t.; — gold,

1 = gold-ore, gold in a raw state, Genesis 2:11,12; Jeremiah 10:9; Proverbs 17:3; Proverbs 27:21; Job 28:1 +; perhaps also 1 Kings 9:28; 1 Kings 10:11; 1 Kings 22:49 etc.; compare ׳עַפְרֹת ז Job 28:6 gold-dust; see also Zechariah 13:9 (simile of tried people ׳י) and compare Malachi 3:3; likewise Job 23:10 (simile of Job's purity, as shewn by divine tests); מִצָּפוֺן זָהָב Job 37:22 is dubious ** read perhaps זֹהַר Du and Dr; Ew De and others out of the North comes gold; others, however, golden light, brightness, of sun after clouds dispersed by north wind, ᵐ5 Rabb Da and others; or golden splendour of God coming from north BöÄ 76 Hi and others; Siegf conjecture יהוה for זהב

2 gold as wealth Genesis 13:2 (J; + מִקְנֶה, כֶּסֶף) Genesis 24:34 (J; + צאֹן, בָּקָר, כֶּסֶף, עֲבָדִם, שְׁפָחֹת, גְּמַלִּים, חֲמֹרִים) compare Hosea 2:8; Isaiah 2:7; Deuteronomy 8:13; Deuteronomy 17:17; Job 3:15; Job 31:24; Zechariah 14:14; Ezra 1:4,6 +; in General, as precious: נִבְחָר שֵׁם מֵעשֶׁר רָ֑ב מִכֶּסֶף וּמִזָּהָב חֵן טוֺב Proverbs 22:1 to be chosen is a name more than great riches, and good favour more than silver and than gold; Job 28:17 (of wisdom) gold and glass do not equal it; Psalm 19:10 (ordinances of ׳י) which are more to be desired than gold; compare Psalm 119:72; Psalm 119:127; also metaphor of princes and chief men of Zion Lamentations 4:1 (compare Lamentations 4:2).

3 gold as spoil of war Joshua 6:19 (+ כֶּסֶף, כְּלֵינְֿחשֶׁת, בַּרְזֶל) so Joshua 6:24, compare Joshua 7:21,24; Joshua 22:8; 2 Kings 7:8 +.

4 gold as merchandise Ezekiel 27:22 (+ אֶבֶן יְקָרָה, ראֹשׁ כָּלבּֿשֶֹׁם), compare also gold from Ophir 1 Kings 9:28 etc. (see below 7 below)

5 gold as costly gift: to a prophet ׳מְלֹא בֵּיתוֺ כֶּסֶף וְז (hypothet.), Numbers 22:18; Numbers 24:13 (both E); brought by queen of Sheba to Song of Solomon 1Kings 10:2,10 (both + אֶבֶן יְקָרָה and בְּשָׂמִים) = 2 Chronicles 9:1,9; as tribute 2 Kings 23:35 (twice in verse) (compare 2 Kings 23:33; all + כֶּסֶף); as satisfaction for murder 2 Samuel 21:4 (+ כֶּסֶף).

6 gold as material: of (nose- or ear-) ring, נֶזֶם Genesis 24:22; Exodus 32:2,3; Judges 8:24,25; Proverbs 11:22; Proverbs 25:12; Job 42:11; of chain Genesis 41:42, shields 2 Samuel 8:7, images of emerods 1 Samuel 6:4,17 and mice 1 Samuel 6:4; 1 Samuel 6:11; 1 Samuel 6:18; בְּמַשְׂכִּיּוֺת כֶּסֶף׳תַּמּוּחֵי ז Proverbs 25:11; ׳גֻּלַּת ז Exodus 12:6; ׳כְּלֵיזֿ Exodus 3:22; Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35; 1 Samuel 6:8; Psalm 105:37 etc.; כְּלֵיכֶֿסֶף וּכְלֵי זָהָב Genesis 24:53 as presents to a bride (+ בְּגָדִים); so of presents to secure king's favour 2 Samuel 8:10 (+ כְּלֵי נְחשֶׁת), and in list of yearly gifts or tribute to Song of Solomon 1Kings 10:25 2 Chronicles 9:24; as material of idols אֱלֹהֵי׳כֶסֶף וֵאלֹהֵי ז Exodus 20:23; compare Exodus 32:31; Hosea 8:4; Isaiah 2:20; Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 31:7; Deuteronomy 29:16; Psalm 115:4; Psalm 135:15; as plating of idols Deuteronomy 7:25; especially as material of the furnishings of Solomon's temple, or (oftener) the platings of temple, or parts thereof, or of its furnishings 1 Kings 6:20,21 (3t. in verse); 1 Kings 6:22 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 6:28; 1 Kings 7:48 10t. 1 Kings 6:7; also 2 Chronicles 3:5 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 3:6 14t. 2 Chronicles 3:4; cf 1 Chronicles 28:14 (twice in verse) + 14t. 1 Chronicles 28:29 (David's preparation for temple); see also 2 Kings 24:13; compare 2 Kings 14:14 2 Chronicles 25:24; 2 Kings 25:15 = Jeremiah 52:19 (in accounts of plundering temple etc.); but more often still of furnishing and utensils of tabernacle, insignia of high-priest etc., Exodus 25:3,11,24 97t. Exodus 25-40, Leviticus 8:9; Numbers 4:11; Numbers 8:4; (in case of large objects frequently of plating or sheathing, compare 12 c below) Note the expressions ליהוה׳תְּנוּפַת ז Exodus 35:22 a wave-offering of gold, זְהַב הַתְּנוּפָה Exodus 38:24; also זְהַב הַתְּרוּמָה Numbers 31:52 (all P) compare Ezra 8:25, and (of offering to heathen god) יְכַבֵּד בְּזָהָב Daniel 11:38.

7 gold described by its source, especially gold from Ophir (compare Glass: Skizze ii. 357 ff. 368) 1 Kings 9:28; 1 Kings 10:11; 1 Kings 22:49; 1 Chronicles 29:4; 2 Chronicles 8:18; 9:10; so perh Jeremiah 10:9 (read אוֺפִיר for אוּפַז Ew Klo and others); זְהַב שְׁבָא Psalm 72:15; on מַּרְוָ֑יִם׳ז 2 Chronicles 3:6 see פרוים; compare further Genesis 2:11,12.

8 gold defined by var. adjective and pts.: שָׁחוּט׳ז beaten gold (see שָׁחַט) 1 Kings 10:16,17 2 Chronicles 9:15 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 9:16; סָגוּר׳ז 1 Kings 6:20,21; also 1 Kings 7:49,50; 1 Kings 10:21 2 Chronicles 4:20,22; 9:21 (on meaning see סָגַר); especially (but only P & Chronicles) טָהוֺר׳ז pure gold Exodus 25:11,17,24 21t. Exodus 25.. 28. 30. 37. 39 (of equipments of tabernacle and high priest's insignia), 1 Chronicles 28:17; 2 Chronicles 3:4; 9:17; compare טוֺב׳ז 2 Chronicles 3:5,8; on מוּפָז׳ז 1 Kings 10:18, AV best gold, compare אוּפָז, מָּזַז.

9׳ז as measure of weight and value:

a. = gold-shekel, מִשְׁקָלָם׳עֲשָׂרָה ז Genesis 24:22; ׳כַּף אַחַת עֲשָׂרָה ז Numbers 7:14 11t. Numbers 7; אֶלֶף׳וּשְׁבַעמֵֿאוֺת ז Judges 8:26, compare 1 Kings 10:16; 2 Kings 5:5; 2 Chronicles 9:15,16; וָכָ֑סֶף׳אַלְפֵי ז Psalm 119:72; compare further Joshua 7:21; but also (only Chronicles) שֶׁקֶל expressed: מִשְׁקַל׳שִׁקְלֵי ז שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֺת 1 Chronicles 21:25 (50 shekels of silver in "" 2 Samuel 24:24); ׳וּמִשְׁקָל לְמִסְמְרוֺת לִשְׁקָלִים חֲמִשִּׁים ז 2 Chronicles 3:9.

b.׳שְׁלשֶׁת מָנִים ז 1 Kings 10:17 three minas of gold (see מָנֶה).

c.׳כִּכַּר ז talent of gold 2 Samuel 12:30; 1 Kings 9:14 + (see כִּכָּר).

d.זָהָב דַּרְכְּמוֺנִים שֵׁשׁרִֿבּאֹוֺת וָאֶלֶף Ezra 2:69 compare Nehemiah 7:69,70,71; also עֶשְׂרִים לַאֲדַרְכֹּנִים אָ֑לָף׳וּכְפֹרֵי ז Ezra 8:27 (see דַּרְכְּמוֺן); — with the above should perhaps be compared מִכִּיס׳הַזָּלִים ז Isaiah 46:6i.e. the gold used in making the god was the coin carried in the bag.

10 ׳ז = golden oil, from colour, Zechariah 4:12.

11׳ז often named with כֶּסֶף, and then, in earlier and sometimes in later writings, follows it: בַּכֶּסֶף וּבַזָּהָב Genesis 13:2 (J), compare Genesis 24:35,53; Genesis 44:8 (all J) Exodus 3:22; Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35; Numbers 22:18; Numbers 24:13 (all E), Joshua 6:19,24 (JE), Deuteronomy 7:25; Deuteronomy 17:17; Deuteronomy 29:16; 2 Samuel 8:11; 2 Samuel 21:4; 1 Kings 7:51; 1 Kings 15:15,18,19; 2 Kings 7:8; 2 Kings 16:8; 2 Kings 18:14; 2 Kings 20:13; 2 Kings 23:33,35 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:10; Hosea 8:4; Isaiah 2:7; Isaiah 60:9; Jeremiah 10:4; Zephaniah 1:18; Ezekiel 7:19; Ezekiel 38:13; Zechariah 6:11; Joel 4:5, Proverbs 22:1; Psalm 105:37; Psalm 115:4; Psalm 135:15; 2 Chronicles 1:15; 5:1; Ezra 1:4; Ezra 8:25; Daniel 11:8; Ecclesiastes 2:8 +; in later writings ׳ז often precedes Ezekiel 28:4; Zechariah 14:14; Malachi 3:3; 1 Chronicles 18:10; 1 Chronicles 22:14,16; 1 Chronicles 28:15,16; 1 Chronicles 29:3,4,5,7; 2 Chronicles 9:14,21; 24:14; 25:24; Ezra 1:11; Psalm 119:72; Song of Solomon 1:11; Daniel 11:38 +, and so in P, Exodus 25:3; Exodus 31:4; Exodus 35:5,32; Numbers 31:32; yet also as early as Habakkuk 2:19; 1 Kings 10:22; 2 Kings 25:15.

12 the chief verbs used with׳ז are:

a. עָשָׂה make of (c. 2accusative) 1 Kings 7:48 (compare 1 Kings 7:49; 1 Kings 7:49; 1 Kings 7:50; 1 Kings 7:50) 1 Kings 10:16; 1 Kings 12:28; 1 Kings 14:26; 2 Chronicles 4:7,8,19; 12:9; 13:8, and especially in P (tabernacle) Exodus 25:11,17,18 35t. Exodus 25-39; also followed by בְּ work in gold, וּבַכֶּסֶף וּבַנְּחשֶׁת׳לַעֲשׂוֺת בַּזּ Exodus 31:4; Exodus 35:32, also (+ בַּבַּרְזֶל, etc.), 2 Chronicles 2:6; 2 Chronicles 2:13;

b.יָצַק (object ׳טַבְּעֹת ז) Exodus 25:12; Exodus 37:3,13 (all P);

c.צִמָּה overlay with (c. 2accusative) 1 Kings 6:20,21 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 6:22,28,30,32,35 ( 1 Kings 6:32; 1 Kings 6:35 one accusative omitted), 1 Kings 10:18; 2 Chronicles 3:4,10; 9:17, and especially P (tabernacle) Exodus 25:11,13,24,28 15t. Exodus 26-37; in same sense

d. ׳וַיְחַמֵּהוּ ז 2 Chronicles 3:5 compare 2 Chronicles 3:7; 2 Chronicles 3:8; 2 Chronicles 3:9, and

e.וָכֶסֶף ׳תָּפוּשׂ ז Habakkuk 2:19 encased in gold and silver; also

f.יְרַקְּעֶנּוּ ׳בַּזּ Isaiah 40:19;

g.רדד Hiph`il, ׳וַיָּ֫רֶב עַלהַֿכְּרוּבִים וְעַלהַֿתִּמֹּרוֺת אֶתהַֿזּ 1 Kings 6:32 and he spread upon the cherubim and upon the palm-trees the gold; further

h.בָּחַן try, Zechariah 13:9; compare

i. זִקַּק Malachi 3:3. — On דִּי זָהָב, proper name; on מֵי זָהָב proper name see below מַיִם.

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List of Word Forms
בְּזָהָ֥ב בַּזָּֽהָב־ בַּזָּהָ֛ב בַּזָּהָ֣ב בַּזָּהָ֤ב בַּזָּהָ֥ב בַּזָּהָ֨ב בזהב בזהב־ הַזָּהָ֑ב הַזָּהָ֔ב הַזָּהָ֖ב הַזָּהָ֗ב הַזָּהָ֛ב הַזָּהָ֡ב הַזָּהָ֣ב הַזָּהָ֣ב ׀ הַזָּהָ֤ב הַזָּהָ֥ב הַזָּהָ֨ב הַזָּהָֽב׃ הַזָּהָב֙ הַזָּהָב֮ הַזָּהָב־ הזהב הזהב־ הזהב׃ וְהַזָּהָ֔ב וְהַזָּהָ֖ב וְהַזָּהָ֗ב וְהַזָּהָ֜ב וְהַזָּהָ֨ב וְהַזָּהָב֙ וְזָהָ֑ב וְזָהָ֔ב וְזָהָ֖ב וְזָהָ֗ב וְזָהָ֛ב וְזָהָ֤ב וְזָהָב֒ וְזָהָב֙ וְלִזְהָבִ֔י וּ֝מִזָּהָ֗ב וּֽזְהָבְךָ֖ וּֽזֲהַ֛ב וּבְזָהָ֖ב וּבְזָהָ֜ב וּבַזָּהָ֖ב וּבַזָּהָֽב׃ וּזְהָבְךָ֛ וּזְהָבִ֖י וּזְהָבָ֖ם וּזְהָבָ֗ם וּזְהָבָ֜ם וּזְהָבָם֮ וּלְזָהָ֜ב וּלְזָהָב֙ ובזהב ובזהב׃ והזהב וזהב וזהבי וזהבך וזהבם ולזהב ולזהבי ומזהב זְהַ֣ב זְהַ֥ב זְהָב֑וֹ זְהָבֶ֑ךָ זְהָבָ֜ם זָ֠הָב זָ֭הָב זָהָ֑ב זָהָ֔ב זָהָ֕ב זָהָ֖ב זָהָ֗ב זָהָ֛ב זָהָ֜ב זָהָ֞ב זָהָ֣ב זָהָ֤ב זָהָ֥ב זָהָ֨ב זָהָֽב׃ זָהָב֒ זָהָב֙ זהב זהב׃ זהבו זהבך זהבם כַּזָּהָ֖ב כַּזָּהָ֥ב כַּזָּהָֽב׃ כזהב כזהב׃ לַ֠זָּהָב לַזָּהָ֑ב לַזָּהָ֔ב לַזָּהָ֖ב לַזָּהָ֣ב לַזָּהָ֤ב לַזָּהָ֥ב לַזָּהָב֙ לזהב מִ֭זָּהָב מִזְּהַ֣ב מִזְּהַ֪ב מִזְּהָבִ֤י מִזָּהָ֥ב מזהב מזהבי baz·zā·hāḇ baz·zā·hāḇ- bazzāhāḇ bazzāhāḇ- bazzaHav bazzahov bə·zā·hāḇ bəzāhāḇ bezaHav haz·zā·hāḇ haz·zā·hāḇ- hazzāhāḇ hazzāhāḇ- hazzaHav hazzahov kaz·zā·hāḇ kazzāhāḇ kazzaHav laz·zā·hāḇ lazzāhāḇ lazzaHav lazzaho miz·zā·hāḇ miz·zə·hā·ḇî miz·zə·haḇ mizzāhāḇ mizzaHav mizzaho mizzəhaḇ mizzəhāḇî mizzeHav mizzehaVi ū·ḇaz·zā·hāḇ ū·ḇə·zā·hāḇ ū·lə·zā·hāḇ ū·miz·zā·hāḇ ū·ză·haḇ ū·zə·hā·ḇām ū·zə·hā·ḇə·ḵā ū·zə·hā·ḇî ūḇazzāhāḇ ūḇəzāhāḇ ūləzāhāḇ ulezaHav ūmizzāhāḇ umizzaHav uvazzaHav uvezaHav ūzăhaḇ uzaHav ūzəhāḇām ūzəhāḇəḵā ūzəhāḇî uzehaVam uzehaveCha uzehaVi vehazzaHav velizhaVi vezaHav wə·haz·zā·hāḇ wə·liz·hā·ḇî wə·zā·hāḇ wəhazzāhāḇ wəlizhāḇî wəzāhāḇ zā·hāḇ zāhāḇ zaHav zaho zə·hā·ḇām zə·hā·ḇe·ḵā zə·hā·ḇōw zə·haḇ zəhaḇ zəhāḇām zəhāḇeḵā zəhāḇōw zeHav zehaVam zehaVecha zehaVo
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