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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #2637 - חָסֵר

Word Origin:
a primitive root
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to lack, be without, decrease, be lacking, have a need

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to lack

1a2) to be lacking

1a3) to diminish, decrease

1b) (Piel) to cause to lack

1c) (Hiphil) to cause to be lacking

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 639 ‑ ἀπορέω (ap‑or‑eh'‑o);   4326 ‑ προσδέομαι (pros‑deh'‑om‑ahee);   2756 ‑ κενός (ken‑os');   1641 ‑ ἐλαττονέω (el‑at‑ton‑eh'‑o);   1642 ‑ ἐλαττόω (el‑at‑to'‑o);   1729 ‑ ἐνδεής (en‑deh‑ace');   5302 ‑ ὑστερέω (hoos‑ter‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (21)NAS (23)HCS (21)
1 Kings1
Song of Solomon1
1 Kings2
Song of Solomon1
1 Kings2
Song of Solomon1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2187) rxh (ההסר HhSR) AC: Diminish CO: ? AB: Lacking: Something or someone that is lacking or diminished in quantity or quality. [from: xh- needing support]

V) rxh (ההסר HhSR) - Diminish: To be lacking or decrease. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) want, lack, fail, decrease, abate, lower, bereave - Strongs: H2637 (חָסֵר)

Nm) rxh (ההסר HhSR) - Lacking: KJV (21): void, want, lack, fail, destitute, need, poverty - Strongs: H2638 (חָסֵר), H2639 (חֶסֶר)

bm) rixh (ההסיר HhSYR) - Lacking: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): wanting - Strongs: H2627 (חַסִּיר)

gm) rxfh (ההוסר HhWSR) - Lacking: KJV (3): want - Strongs: H2640 (חֹסֶר)

jm) nfrxh (ההסרונ HhSRWN) - Lacking: KJV (1): wanting - Strongs: H2642 (חֶסְרוֹן)

acm) rfxhm (מההסור MHhSWR) - Lacking: KJV (13): want, lack, need, poor, poverty, penury - Strongs: H4270 (מַחְסֹר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ חָסֵר verb lack, need, be lacking, decrease (see Lag BN 143; Late Hebrew חִסֵּר cause to lack or fail, diminish (active), and derivatives; Aramaic חֲסַר, , want, lack, and derivatives, compare Phoenician מחסר, see מחסור below; Arabic remove, strip off; disappear, retire (of water), fail (of sight), etc.; perhaps also Ethiopic be inferior, worthless, diminished Di590and derivatives) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ח 1 Kings 17:16; 2 masculine singular חָסַרְתָּ Deuteronomy 2:7; 3 plural חָסֵ֑רוּ Nehemiah 9:21; 1 plural חָסַרְנוּ Jeremiah 44:18; Imperfect יֶחְסַר Deuteronomy 15:8 2t.; יֶחְסָ֑ר Proverbs 31:11; Ecclesiastes 9:8; 3 feminine singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר 1 Kings 17:14; Proverbs 13:25; 2 masculine singular תֶּחְסַר Deuteronomy 8:9; 1 singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר Psalm 23:1; plural יַחְסְרוּ Psalm 34:11; Ezekiel 4:17; וַיַּחְסְרוּ Genesis 8:3; יַחְסְרוּן Genesis 18:28; Infinitive construct חֲסַר Proverbs 10:21 Ew§ 238 a, compare Ges§ 45. 1 a; absolute חָסוֺר Genesis 8:5; Participle חָסֵר 1 Kings 11:22; Ecclesiastes 10:3 (see חָסֵר below); — 1 lack:

a. with accusative Genesis 18:28 (J) perchance the fifty righteous lack five, Deuteronomy 2:7 thou hast not lacked anything, Deuteronomy 8:9; Jeremiah 44:18; 1 Kings 11:22; Ezekiel 4:17; Psalm 34:11; Proverbs 31:11, compare also בַּחֲסַרלֵֿב Proverbs 10:21 by lacking intelligence (sense), (Di puts here Deuteronomy 15:8, see below)

b. absolute be in want, want Psalm 23:1; Proverbs 13:25; Nehemiah 9:21.

2 be lacking, לוֺ׳מַחְסֹרוֺ אֲשֶׁר יֶח Deuteronomy 15:8 his lack (i.e. thing needed), which is lacking to him (possible also Isaiah , which he lacks for himself, so Di, see above); שֶׁמֶן׳עַלרֹֿאְשְׁךָ אַליֶֿח Ecclesiastes 9:8 oil on thy head let it not be lacking; see also absolute Isaiah 51:14; Song of Solomon 7:3, and לִבּוֺ חָסֵר Ecclesiastes 10:3 his sense is lacking; of jar of oil 1 Kings 17:14,16 (absolute) by meton. for the oil itself (compare "" כלה be consumed, exhausted).

3 diminish, decrease, of waters Genesis 8:3 (P), compare הָלוֺךְ וְחָסוֺר Genesis 8:5 (P), waters continually diminished (see הלך above).

Pi`el cause to lack, with accusative of person, Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מעט מֵאֱלהים Psalm 8:6 and thou didst make him lack little of God; Participle וּמְחַסֵּר אתנֿפשׁי מִטּוֺבָה Ecclesiastes 4:8 for whom am I labouring and depriving myself of good things?

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱסִיר Exodus 16:18; Imperfect יַחְסִיר Isaiah 32:6; — cause to be lacking, fail, with accusative of thing ׳מַשְׁקֵה צָמֵא יַח Isaiah 32:6; the drink of the thirsty he causeth to fail ("" לְהָרִיק נפשׁ רָעֵב); absolute Exodus 16:18 (P), he that gathered little caused no lack.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

חָסֵר fut. יֶחְסַר plur. יַחְסְרוּ [“to diminish, to cut short”]

(1)  to be devoid of anything, to lack, to be without, followed by an acc. (like verbs of plenty and want), Deuteronomy 2:7, 8:9 Psalms 34:11; Proverbs 31:11. Genesis 18:28, אוּלַי יַחְסְרוּן חֲמִשִּׁים הַצַּדִּקִים חֲמִשָּׁה “perhaps five shall be lacking to the fifty righteous;” properly, “perhaps the fifty righteous shall lack five.”

(2) absol. to suffer want, Psalms 23:1; Proverbs 13:25.

(3) to fail, to be lessened, Genesis 8:3, 1 Kings 17:14.

(4) to be wanting, Ecclesiastes 9:8; Deuteronomy 15:8. (Arab. خَسَرَ and خَسِرَ to suffer harm or loss.)

Piel, to cause to want. Psalms 8:6, וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מְעַט מֵאֱלֹהִים “thou hast made him to be wanting but a little of God;” that he should not be much lower than God; [but see the true meaning of this passage from the use made of it in Heb. ii. 7, 9]; followed by מִן of the thing, Ecclesiastes 4:8.


(1) causat. to make to fail (fehlen, mangeln laffen), Isaiah 32:6.

(2) intrans. to be in want, Exodus 16:18.

Derivatives, חַסִּיר, מַחְסֹר, and the following words.

חָסֵר [verbal] adj. wanting, lacking, needing, followed by acc. 1 Kings 11:22 followed by acc. מִן Ecclesiastes 6:2. חֲסַר לֶחֶם in want of bread, 2 Samuel 3:29. חֲסַר לֵב wanting understanding, Proverbs 6:32, 7:7 9:4 subst. want of understanding, 10:21.

List of Word Forms
אֶחְסָֽר׃ אחסר׃ הֶחְסִ֑יר החסיר וְחָס֔וֹר וַיַּחְסְר֣וּ וַתְּחַסְּרֵ֣הוּ וּמְחַסֵּ֤ר וחסור ויחסרו ומחסר ותחסרהו חָסֵ֑רוּ חָסַ֖רְתָּ חָסַ֣רְנוּ חסרו חסרנו חסרת יֶחְסַ֖ר יֶחְסָֽר׃ יַחְסְר֖וּ יַחְסְר֞וּן יַחְסְר֥וּ יַחְסִֽיר׃ יחסיר׃ יחסר יחסר׃ יחסרו יחסרון תֶּחְסָֽר׃ תֶחְסַ֥ר תֶחְסָ֑ר תחסר תחסר׃ ’eḥ·sār ’eḥsār chaSarnu chaSarta chaSeru echSar ḥā·sar·nū ḥā·sar·tā ḥā·sê·rū ḥāsarnū ḥāsartā ḥāsêrū hechSir heḥ·sîr heḥsîr techSar teḥ·sār ṯeḥ·sar ṯeḥ·sār teḥsār ṯeḥsar ṯeḥsār ū·mə·ḥas·sêr umechasSer ūməḥassêr vaiyachseRu vattechasseRehu vechaSor wat·tə·ḥas·sə·rê·hū wattəḥassərêhū way·yaḥ·sə·rū wayyaḥsərū wə·ḥā·sō·wr wəḥāsōwr yachseRu yachseRun yachSir yaḥ·sə·rū yaḥ·sə·rūn yaḥ·sîr yaḥsərū yaḥsərūn yaḥsîr yechSar yeḥ·sar yeḥ·sār yeḥsar yeḥsār

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