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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #3157 - יִזְרְעֶאל

Word Origin:
from (02232) and (0410)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

Jezreel = “God sows”

1) a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah (noun proper masculine)

2) first son of Hosea the prophet (noun proper masculine)

3) a city in the Nekeb of Judah (noun proper locative)

4) a city in Issachar on the northwest spur of Mount Gilboa (noun proper locative)

Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (36)NAS (36)HCS (36)
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Kings5
2 Kings12
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Kings5
2 Kings12
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Kings5
2 Kings14
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles2
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ יִזְרְעֶאל 1. proper name, of a location ( God soweth; Sabean אלדֿרא Mordt ZMG 1879,489; see Lag BN 131) — ׳י Joshua 15:56; 2 Samuel 2:9 +; יִזְרְעֶ֑אל 1 Samuel 25:43; Joshua 17:16 +; יִזְרְעֶ֫אלָה Joshua 19:18 6t.:

a. city in the Negeb of Judah Joshua 15:56; 1 Samuel 25:43 (home of Ahinoam, one of David's wives), site unknown; compare proper name, masculine 1 Chronicles 4:3.

b. city in Issachar Joshua 19:18 on northwest spur of Mt. Gilboa 2 Samuel 4:4 (compare 1 Samuel 31:1,8) 1 Kings 4:12 (compare 1 Samuel 31:10,12), modern Zer`în (Rob BR ii. 318 ff. Bd Pal 244), close to scene of great battle with Philistines 1 Samuel 29:1 (׳בְּעַיִן אשׁר בְיִז, compare Rob BR ii. 323) 1 Samuel 29:11; subject to Ishbosheth 2 Samuel 2:9 (yet see below), residence of Ahab and Jehoram of Israel 1 Kings 18:45,46; 1 Kings 21:1 (Naboth) 2 Kings 8:29 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 22:6 (twice in verse), 2 Kings 9:15 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 9:16,17,30; 2 Kings 10:11 compare דְּמֵי׳יִז Hosea 1:4, and symbolical name of Hosea's son Hosea 1:4 (compare Che); — in 2 Kings 10:1 for ׳שָׂרֵי יִז read שָׂרֵישֹׁמְרוֺן so ᵐ5. Used by Hosea as representing Israel, with play on etymology, Hosea 2:24 (compare וּזְרַעְתִּיהָ לִּיבָּאָרֶץ Hosea 2:25), compare also ׳גָּדוֺל יוֺם יִז Hosea 1:2. Territory immediately about the city is ׳חֵלֶק יִז 2 Kings 9:10,36,37; compare ׳חֵל יִז 1 Kings 21:23 (read probably חלק, see Th Klo after ᵑ6ᵑ9; the adjacent plain is ׳עֵמֶק יִז (compare D1Joshua 17:16 Bd Pal 229) Joshua 17:16; Judges 6:33; Hosea 1:5 (perhaps also = ׳יִז 2 Samuel 2:9 above, "" Gilead, Ephraim, Benjamin, etc.)

2. proper name, masculine a. Hosea's son Hosea 1:4, compare 1 b above

b. Judahite name 1 Chronicles 4:3, compare 1 a above


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

יִזְרְעֶאל & יִזְרְעֵאל (“that which God planted”), pr.n. [Jezreel].

(1) of a town in the tribe of Issachar (Joshua 19:18), where stood the palace of Ahab and his successors, 1 Kings 18:46, 21:1 2 Kings 9:15 whence דְּמֵי יִזְרְעֵאל Hosea 1:4, the blood of Jezreel is used of the blood there shed by the dynasties of Ahab and Jehu. Near the city there was a great valley עֵמֶק יִזְרְעֵאל Joshua 17:16; Judges 6:33 (afterwards called Ἐσδρήλωμ, now مرج ابن عامر, Burckhardt’s Travels, p. 334, Germ. ed. vol. ii. p. 579), in which Hosea 1:5, predicts that there shall be a great slaughter (יוֹם יִזְרְעֵאל Hosea 2:2). The same prophet gives to his eldest son, then newly born, the name of Jezreel (1:4 ), and he afterwards with his brother Lo-Ammi and his sister Lo-Ruhamah (2:24, 25 ) are made types of the people, when after their punishments and dispersions they are brought back to their own land (2:2 ), and endowed with new blessings. It is thus that the words are to be understood, which have been so much twisted by expositors, 2:24 : “the earth shall answer the corn and new wine and oil, and these (gifts of the earth) shall answer Jezreel;” i.e. the earth, made fruitful by Heaven (verse 23 ), shall again render its produce to Jezreel. The prophet goes on with the allusion made to Jezreel, verse 25 וּזְרַעְתִּיהָ בָּאָרֶץ “I will sow him again in the land, and I will again love Lo-Ruhamah (not beloved), and a people will I call Lo-Ammi (not a people);” i.e. the whole people of Israel, who were typified by the three children of the prophet, I will again plant, love, and appropriate as my own. יִזְרְעֵאל in this passage is construed as fem. being taken collectively, so Ephraim, Isaiah 17:10, 11 Isaiah 17:11, etc. [In this passage, the force of my people, and not my people, must also be remembered.]-The Gentile noun is יִזְרְעֵאלִי 1 Kings 21:1, f. יִזְרְעֵאלִית, יִזְרְעֵלִית 1 Samuel 27:3, 30:5.

(2) a town in the mountains of Judah, Joshua 15:56; 1 Samuel 29:1.

(3) pr.n. m.

(a) of a son of Hosea; comp. No. 1, Hosea 1:4.

(b) 1 Chronicles 4:3.

[“יְחֻבָּה (‘hidden,’ i.e. ‘protected,’ verbal of Pual), [Jehubbah], pr.n. of a man, 1 Chronicles 7:34. Root הָבָה.”]

List of Word Forms
בְּיִזְרְעֶ֑אל בְּיִזְרְעֶ֔אל בְּיִזְרְעֶ֖אל בְּיִזְרְעֶ֗אל בְּיִזְרְעֶֽאל׃ בְיִזְרְעֶ֗אל בִיְזְרְעֶ֗אל ביזרעאל ביזרעאל׃ וְיִזְרְעֶ֥אל ויזרעאל יִזְרְעֶ֑אל יִזְרְעֶ֑אלָה יִזְרְעֶ֔אל יִזְרְעֶ֔אלָה יִזְרְעֶ֖אל יִזְרְעֶ֥אל יִזְרְעֶ֥אלָה יִזְרְעֶֽאלָה׃ יִזְרְעֶֽאל׃ יִזְרְעֶאל֙ יזרעאל יזרעאל׃ יזרעאלה יזרעאלה׃ לְיִזְרְעֶ֗אל ליזרעאל מִֽיִּזְרְעֶ֑אל מִֽיִּזְרְעֶ֗אל מיזרעאל bə·yiz·rə·‘el ḇə·yiz·rə·‘el bəyizrə‘el ḇəyizrə‘el beyizreEl ḇiy·zə·rə·‘el ḇiyzərə‘el lə·yiz·rə·‘el ləyizrə‘el leyizreEl mî·yiz·rə·‘el mîyizrə‘el miyizreEl veyizreEl viyzereEl wə·yiz·rə·‘el wəyizrə‘el yiz·rə·‘e·lāh yiz·rə·‘el yizrə‘el yizrə‘elāh yizreEl yizreElah

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