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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #3478 - יִשְׂרָאֵל

Transliteration:
yiśrâ'êl
Phonetics:
yis-raw-ale'  
Word Origin:
from (08280) and (0410)
Parts of Speech:
Proper Name Masculine
TWOT:
None
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs' | Strong's ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition
Israel = "God prevails"
  1. the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel
  2. the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob
    1. the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split
    2. the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah
    3. the name of the nation after the return from exile
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2474 ‑ Ἰσραήλ (is‑rah‑ale');  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (2505)NAS (2499)HCS (2492)
Genesis39
Exodus160
Leviticus59
Numbers208
Deuteronomy65
Joshua139
Judges154
Ruth4
1 Samuel130
2 Samuel101
1 Kings171
2 Kings146
1 Chronicles97
2 Chronicles162
Ezra29
Nehemiah19
Psalms60
Proverbs1
Ecclesiastes1
Song of Solomon1
Isaiah87
Jeremiah122
Lamentations3
Ezekiel169
Daniel4
Hosea41
Joel3
Amos26
Obadiah1
Micah12
Nahum1
Zephaniah4
Zechariah5
Malachi5
Genesis39
Exodus160
Leviticus59
Numbers209
Deuteronomy65
Joshua139
Judges154
Ruth4
1 Samuel130
2 Samuel101
1 Kings171
2 Kings146
1 Chronicles97
2 Chronicles162
Ezra29
Nehemiah19
Psalms60
Proverbs1
Ecclesiastes1
Song of Solomon1
Isaiah87
Jeremiah122
Lamentations3
Ezekiel169
Daniel4
Hosea41
Joel3
Amos26
Obadiah1
Micah12
Nahum1
Zephaniah4
Zechariah5
Malachi5
Genesis43
Exodus169
Leviticus65
Numbers236
Deuteronomy71
Joshua160
Judges182
Ruth5
1 Samuel149
2 Samuel116
1 Kings203
2 Kings163
1 Chronicles113
2 Chronicles184
Ezra32
Nehemiah21
Psalms62
Proverbs1
Ecclesiastes1
Song of Solomon1
Isaiah92
Jeremiah125
Lamentations3
Ezekiel186
Daniel4
Hosea44
Joel3
Amos30
Obadiah1
Micah12
Nahum1
Zephaniah4
Zechariah5
Malachi5
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 יִשְׂרָאֵל proper name and derivatives, see below I. שׂרה.

יִשְׂרָאֵל2507 proper name, masculine and of a people Israel ( El persisteth, persevereth (or jussive Let El persist) [usually contendeth (Nes Eg.60 ff.) or Let El contend (Gray Prop. N. 218), but see Dr Hast. DB JACOB 530]; on vocalization see Lag BN 131f. Kit 1 Chronicles 4:16 (Hpt); MI5, + 5t. ישראל; in Egyptian Y- Sirach -r-'l Steind ZAW xvi (1896), 331, compare Breasted Bib. World ix (1897), 62ff. Paton Syr. and Pal. 134; Assyrian Sirach -'-lai (= יִשְׂרְאֵלִי) Schr KG 356 ff., 364; COT Genesis 36:31; 1 Kings 16:29. — On a possibly relation of ׳יִשׂ to proper name שָׂרַי, שָׂרָה see RS K 257,2nd ed. 34; — compare שְׂרָיָה(וּׅ; — Ισραηλ:

1. proper name, masculine second name of Jacob Genesis 32:29 28t. Genesis (JE), Exodus 32:13 (JE), Hosea 12:13; Judges 18:29; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:20; Numbers 26:5 (all P), 2 Kings 17:34; 1 Chronicles 1:34 8t. Chronicles, Psalm 105:23; ׳בֵּית יִשׂ Ruth 4:11; ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ (literal) Genesis 42:5 3t. E, 2t. P + Exodus 1:7 (P; transition to wider use), 1 Kings 18:31; 1 Chronicles 2:1 +; = 12tribes Exodus 28:9 7t. P; ׳אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיִשׂ 1 Kings 18:36; 1 Chronicles 29:18; 2 Chronicles 30:6.

2. proper name, of a people (usually masculine Judges 11:17 f. but feminine 1 Samuel 17:21; 2 Samuel 24:9 [not "" 1 Chronicles 21:5], compare Dr on the passage Albr ZAW xvi (1896), 57f.): name of Hebrew nation; usually derived from

1, but ׳יִשׂ more common in early usage than ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ (see בֵּן p. 120:b):

a. (1) undivided kingdom; ׳יִשׂ Genesis 47:27 (J), Genesis 49:7 (poem in J) + 108t. J E, Deuteronomy 1:1; Deuteronomy 18:6; Deuteronomy 33:10 (poem) + 76t. D, Genesis 34:7; Exodus 12:15 42t. P; Judges 5:2,7 (twice in verse) + 104t. Judges; often 1,2Samuel; 1 Kings 1-12; ׳כָּליִֿשׂ of whole people 2 Samuel 8:15 +, of whole army 2 Samuel 11:1 +, opposed to Judah 2 Samuel 2:9 + (so also later). (2) ׳יִשׂ = Northern tribes, distinguished from Judah, even before disruption, 2 Samuel 2:9, compare 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 3:10; 2 Samuel 4:1; 2 Samuel 5:5; 2 Samuel 12:7; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 1:35; 1 Kings 4:20; 1 Kings 5:5 +; so at disruption 1 Kings 12:16 (3t. in verse); 1 Kings 12:18,19; then usually of Northern kingdom, till its fall, 1 Kings 12:28; 1 Kings 24:7; 1 Kings 24:10 + very often Kings, Amos 1:1; Amos 2:6; Amos 3:14 +, Hosea 1:5; Hosea 4:15 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5 +, Micah 1:13, etc. (3) ׳יִשׂ of Southern kingdom, Judah, rarely before fall of Samaria Isaiah 1:3; Isaiah 8:18; Micah 1:14,15, so ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ 1 Kings 12:17; after fall of Samaria, ׳יִשׂ (less often ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ) occurs of entire people, in reference to past or future 2 Kings 21:8; 2 Kings 23:22; Isaiah 17:9; Psalm 103:7; Jeremiah 2:3; Jeremiah 50:17,19 +; ׳יִשׂ also = Judah Jeremiah 2:14,31; Jeremiah 4:1 +, Ezekiel 13:2,4,16; Ezekiel 14:1,7,9 +, Isaiah 40:27; Isaiah 41:8; Isaiah 42:24 +, Ezra 2:59 = Nehemiah 7:61; Ezra 2:70; Ezra 3:11 +, Nehemiah 10:34; Nehemiah 10:3 +, Psalm 14:7 (twice in verse) = Psalm 53:7 (twice in verse), Psalm 147:2; Psalm 149:2 +, etc. (4) usage in Chronicles: ׳יִשׂ of whole people 1 Chronicles 2:7 110t., of Northern kingdom 2 Chronicles 11:1 16t., of Judah 2 Chronicles 12:6; 19:8 9t. (5) ׳יִשׂ personified as ׳עֶבֶד י, Isaiah 44:1,21; Isaiah 49:3.

b.׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ, (1) of undivided people Exodus 1:12 (J), Exodus 3:9 (E) + 72t. J E, Deuteronomy 3:18; Deuteronomy 10:6 25t. D, Genesis 32:33 327t. P; Judges 1:1 60t. Judges; seldom 1, 2 Samuel , 1 Kings 1-12; in 1 Kings 132 Kings 25 passive in reference to older history (rarely otherwise). (2) seldom of Northern kingdom Amos 2:11 9t. Amos , Hosea; 2 Chronicles 13:12 7t. Chronicles. (3) of Judah (late) Ezekiel 2:3; Nehemiah 1:6 (twice in verse); Ezra 3:1; Joel 4:16 +, 2 Chronicles 31:5.

c. בֵּית׳יִשׂ Exodus 16:31; Exodus 40:38 142t. (see בַּיִת 5d (δ); 81t. Ezekiel , where = Judah; see especially Exodus 37:16); ׳שְׁנֵי בָֽתֵּי יִשׂ Isaiah 8:14.

d. other phrases, see subאִישׁ, אֶרֶץ, בַּת, בְּתוּלָה, גְּבוּל, הַר, כִּסֵּא, מֶלֶךְ, (נטה) מַטֶּה, (יעד) עֵדָה, עַם, שֵׁבֶט; also (in epithet of ׳י) below אָבִיר, אוֺר, אֱלֹחִים, I. גָּוֺאל, מֶלֶךְ, מִקְוֶה (I. קוה), I. צוּר (V. צור), קָדוֺשׁ, I. רָעָה 1 d (3).

e.׳יִשׂ = the laity, opposed to priests, etc. (late): Ezra 10:25; Nehemiah 11:3; 1 Chronicles 9:2; ׳כָּליִֿשׂ Ezra 2:70; Ezra 10:5; ׳הָעָם יִשׂ Ezra 9:1; ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ Nehemiah 10:40, compare ׳שְׁאָר יִשׂ Nehemiah 11:20.

יִשְׂרָאֵל proper name, of a people Israel (Biblical Hebrew id., √ I. שָׂרָה); — ׳אֱלַהּ יִשׁ Ezra 5:1; Ezra 6:14; Ezra 7:15; ׳מֶלֶךְ לְיִשׂ Ezra 5:11; ׳בְּנֵי יִשׂ Ezra 6:16, ׳עַמָּא יִשׂ Ezra 7:13.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
בְּ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְּיִשְׂרָ֫אֵ֥ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל֒ בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ בישראל בישראל׃ וְ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִ֨שְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ וְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וּ֝בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וּבְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וּמִֽיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וּמִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל ובישראל וישראל וישראל׃ ולישראל ומישראל יִ֝שְׂרָאֵ֗ל יִ֠שְׂרָאֵל יִ֭שְׂרָאֵל יִשְׂרָ֫אֵ֥ל יִשְׂרָֽאֵל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֕ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֞ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵֽ֑ל יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יִשְׂרָאֵל֩ יִשְׂרָאֵל֮ יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל ישראל ישראל׃ כְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כישראל לְ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לישראל לישראל׃ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֗ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֜ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל֒ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל֙ מישראל מישראל׃ bə·yiś·rā·’êl ḇə·yiś·rā·’êl bəyiśrā’êl ḇəyiśrā’êl beYisraEl kə·yiś·rā·’êl kəyiśrā’êl keYisraEl lə·yiś·rā·’êl ləyiśrā’êl leYisraEl mî·yiś·rā·’êl mîyiśrā’êl miYisraEl ū·ḇə·yiś·rā·’êl ū·lə·yiś·rā·’êl ū·mî·yiś·rā·’êl ūḇəyiśrā’êl ūləyiśrā’êl uleYisraEl ūmîyiśrā’êl umiYisraEl uveYisraEl veYisraEl wə·yiś·rā·’êl wəyiśrā’êl yiś·rā·’êl yiśrā’êl YisraEl
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