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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #3637 - כָּלַם

Transliteration:
kâlam
Phonetics:
kaw-lawm'  
Word Origin:
a primitive root
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TWOT:
987
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs' | Strong's ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition
  1. to insult, shame, humiliate, blush, be ashamed, be put to shame, be reproached, be put to confusion, be humiliated
    1. (Niphal)
      1. to be humiliated, be ashamed
      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded
    2. (Hiphil)
      1. to put to shame, insult, humiliate, cause shame to
      2. to exhibit shame
    3. (Hophal)
      1. to be insulted, be humiliated
      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 819 ‑ ἀτιμία (at‑ee‑mee'‑ah);   2635 ‑ καταλαλέω (kat‑al‑al‑eh'‑o);   3679 ‑ ὀνειδίζω (on‑i‑did'‑zo);   818 ‑ ἀτιμάζω (at‑im‑ad'‑zo);   2617 ‑ καταισχύνω (kat‑ahee‑skhoo'‑no);   153 ‑ αἰσχύνομαι (ahee‑skhoo'‑nom‑ahee);   821 ‑ ἀτιμόω (at‑ee‑mo'‑o);   1578 ‑ ἐκκλίνω (ek‑klee'‑no);   1788 ‑ ἐντρέπω (en‑trep'‑o);   2851 ‑ κόλασις (kol'‑as‑is);   2869 ‑ κοπάζω (kop‑ad'‑zo);   3837 ‑ πανταχοῦ (pan‑takh‑oo');  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (38)NAS (40)HCS (38)
Numbers1
Judges1
Ruth1
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
Ezra1
Job2
Psalms6
Proverbs2
Isaiah5
Jeremiah6
Ezekiel6
Numbers1
Judges1
Ruth1
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
Ezra1
Job2
Psalms6
Proverbs2
Isaiah5
Jeremiah6
Ezekiel6
Numbers1
Judges1
Ruth1
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles1
Ezra1
Job2
Psalms6
Proverbs2
Isaiah5
Jeremiah6
Ezekiel6
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2261) mlk (כלמ KLM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Shame

V) mlk (כלמ KLM) - Shame: KJV (38): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) ashamed, confound, shame, blush, hurt, reproach, confusion - Strongs: H3637 (כָּלַם)

bf1) emilk (כלימה KLYMH) - Shame: KJV (30): shame, confusion, dishonour, reproach - Strongs: H3639 (כְּלִמָּה)

bf3) tfmilk (כלימות KLYMWT) - Shame: KJV (1): shame - Strongs: H3640 (כְּלִמּוּת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [כָּלַם] verb only

Niph`al, Hoph`al be humiliated,

Hiph`il humiliate (Late Hebrew Hiph`il, id.; Aramaic כְּלַם Aph`el, Ithpe`el; Arabic is wound; also speak to, converse with); —

Niph`al Perfect 2 feminine singular וְנִכְלַמְתְּ consecutive Jeremiah 22:22 2t.; 1 singular נִכְלַמְתִּי Jeremiah 31:19; Ezra 9:6, נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי Isaiah 50:7; 3 plural נִכְלְמוּ Isaiah 45:16 2t.; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּכָּלֵם Numbers 12:14; 2 feminine singular תִּכָּֽלְמִי Isaiah 54:4; 3 masculine plural יִכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 41:11 5t.; 2 masculine plural תִּכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 45:17; Imperative masculine plural הִכָּֽלְמוּ Ezekiel 36:32; Infinitive construct הִכָּלֵם Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 8:12; Participle נִכְלָם Psalm 74:21; masculine plural נִכְלָמִים 2 Samuel 10:5 2t.; feminine plural נִכְלָמוֺת Ezekiel 16:27>; — be humiliated, ashamed, put to shame, dishonoured, confounded:

1 be humiliated, ashamed, before men Numbers 12:14 (E), 2 Samuel 10:5 = 1 Chronicles 19:5; 2 Samuel 19:4, compare Psalm 74:21; before enemies (by defeat, etc.) Isaiah 45:17 ("" בושׁ), Isaiah 50:7; Isaiah 54:4 ("" בושׁ, חפר); before God, followed by לְ infinitive, וְנִכְלַמְתִּיאֱלֹהַי לְהָרִים מָּנַי אֵלֶיךָ Ezra 9:6 ("" בושׁ); Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:27,54 ("" נָשָׂא כְלִמָּה), Ezekiel 43:10,11 (all + מִן causative) Ezekiel 16:61, so probably Levites, at Hezekiah's reforms 2 Chronicles 30:5.

2 be put to shame, dishonoured, confounded, by judgments of ׳י, all "" בושׁ: Jeremiah 22:22 (מִן of cause), Ezekiel 36:32 ( id.), Jeremiah 31:19 (כִּי of cause), Jeremiah 8:12; Isaiah 41:11; Isaiah 45:16 (+ הָלַךְ בַּכְּלִמָּה), Psalm 35:4; Psalm 69:7; + חפר Psalm 40:15; Psalm 70:3.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix הִכְּלִמוֺ 1 Samuel 20:34; 3 masculine plural suffix הֶכְלַמְנוּם (Ges§ 53, 3 R. 6) 1 Samuel 25:7; Imperfect יַכְלִים Proverbs 28:7; 2 masculine singular suffix וַתַּכְלִימֵנוּ Psalm 44:10; 2 masculine plural suffix תַּכְלִימוּנִי Job 19:3, מֿוּהָ Ruth 2:15; Infinitive construct הַכְלִים Jeremiah 6:15; Proverbs 25:8; Participle מַכְלִים Judges 18:7 (but see below), מַכְלִם Job 11:3; —

1 put to shame = insult, humiliate, with accusative 1 Samuel 20:34; 1 Samuel 25:7 (compare Hoph`al 1 Samuel 25:15) Ruth 2:15; Job 19:3; humiliate by rebuke Job 11:3; humiliate by defeat Proverbs 25:8; Psalm 44:10; cause shame to Proverbs 28:7; — Judges 18:7 is corrupt (see Be VB GFM; Be proposes מַחְסוֺר כלדֿבר there was no lack of anything, for ᵑ0׳מַכְלִים ד; GFM conjectures מְכַלֵּאמִדָּבָר there is no one to restrain (us) from anything in the land).

2 exhibit shame Jeremiah 6:15 ("" בוֺשׁ).

Hoph`al Perfect

1 1 plural לֹא הָכְלַמְנוּ 1 Samuel 25:15 we were not insulted, humiliated (compare Hiph`il 1).

2 3 plural חָכְלְמוּ Jeremiah 14:3 they were put to shame, dishonoured, confounded ("" בושׁ).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בְּהַכְלִ֖ים בהכלים הִכְלִמ֖וֹ הִכָּלֵֽם׃ הֶכְלַמְנ֗וּם הַכְלִים֙ הַנִּכְלָמ֖וֹת הַנִּכְלָמִ֔ים הָכְלַ֙מְנוּ֙ הכלים הכלם׃ הכלמו הכלמנו הכלמנום הנכלמות הנכלמים וְהִכָּלְמ֛וּ וְהִכָּלֵם֙ וְהָכְלְמ֖וּ וְיִכָּ֣לְמ֔וּ וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ וְיִכָּלְמ֖וּ וְיִכָּלְמוּ֮ וְנִכְלַ֔מְתְּ וְנִכְלַ֔מְתִּי וְנִכְלַ֕מְתְּ וְנִכְלַמְתְּ֒ וַתַּכְלִימֵ֑נוּ והכלם והכלמו ויכלמו ונכלמת ונכלמתי ותכלימנו יִכָּ֣לְמוּ יַכְלִ֥ים יכלים יכלמו מַכְלִ֨ים מַכְלִֽם׃ מכלים מכלם׃ נִכְלְמ֖וּ נִכְלְמ֞וּ נִכְלְמוּ֙ נִכְלַ֔מְתִּי נִכְלָ֑ם נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי נִכְלָמִ֣ים נכלם נכלמו נכלמים נכלמתי תִּכָּלְמִ֖י תִכָּלְמ֖וּ תִכָּלֵ֖ם תַּכְלִימ֑וּנִי תַכְלִימֽוּהָ׃ תכלימוה׃ תכלימוני תכלם תכלמו תכלמי bə·haḵ·lîm behachLim bəhaḵlîm hā·ḵə·lam·nū hacheLamnu hachLim haḵ·lîm hāḵəlamnū haḵlîm han·niḵ·lā·mîm han·niḵ·lā·mō·wṯ hannichlaMim hannichlaMot hanniḵlāmîm hanniḵlāmōwṯ hechlamNum heḵ·lam·nūm heḵlamnūm hichliMo hik·kā·lêm hiḵ·li·mōw hikkaLem hikkālêm hiḵlimōw machLim maḵ·lim maḵ·lîm maḵlim maḵlîm nichLam nichLameti nichlaMim nichLamti nichleMu niḵ·lā·mə·tî niḵ·lā·mîm niḵ·lām niḵ·lam·tî niḵ·lə·mū niḵlām niḵlāmətî niḵlāmîm niḵlamtî niḵləmū tachliMuha tachliMuni ṯaḵ·lî·mū·hā taḵ·lî·mū·nî ṯaḵlîmūhā taḵlîmūnî tik·kā·lə·mî ṯik·kā·lə·mū ṯik·kā·lêm tikkaLem ṯikkālêm tikkāləmî ṯikkāləmū tikkalMi tikkalMu vattachliMenu vehacheleMu vehikkaLem vehikkalMu venichLamt venichLamti veyikkalMu wat·taḵ·lî·mê·nū wattaḵlîmênū wə·hā·ḵə·lə·mū wə·hik·kā·lə·mū wə·hik·kā·lêm wə·niḵ·lam·tî wə·niḵ·lamt wə·yik·kā·lə·mū wəhāḵələmū wəhikkālêm wəhikkāləmū wəniḵlamt wəniḵlamtî wəyikkāləmū yachLim yaḵ·lîm yaḵlîm yik·kā·lə·mū yikkāləmū yikKalmu
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