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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #7819 - שָׁחַט

Word Origin:
a primitive root
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to kill, slaughter, beat (verb)

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to slaughter

1a1a) beast for food

1a1b) sacrifice

1a1c) person in human sacrifice

1a1d) beaten, hammered (of shekels)

1b) (Niphal) to be slaughtered, be slain (of food or sacrifice)

2) (BDB) slaughtering (noun feminine)

2a) word doubtful

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4969 ‑ σφάζω (sfad'‑zo);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (81)NAS (85)HCS (80)
1 Samuel3
1 Kings1
2 Kings3
2 Chronicles6
1 Samuel3
1 Kings3
2 Kings3
2 Chronicles8
1 Samuel4
1 Kings1
2 Kings3
2 Chronicles8
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2823) uhs (סהההתה ShHhTh) AC: Strike CO: ? AB: ?: The striking of a knife (or other weapon) for slaughtering or a hammer to pound out metal. [from: hs- destruction by striking]

V) uhs (סהההתה ShHhTh) - Strike: To pound with a hammer or to strike to kill. KJV (86): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) kill, slay, offer, shoot, slaughter - Strongs: H7819 (שָׁחַט), H7820 (שָׁחַט)

bf1) euihs (סהההיתהה ShHhYThH) - Striking: A slaughtering with a knife. KJV (1): killing - Strongs: H7821 (שְׁחִיטָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ שָׁחַט verb slaughter, beat (originally beat, flay? compare Assyrian ša—â‰u, flay, take off dress; Arabic slay (but = ; is this loan-word in Arabic ?); Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew, especially in ritual); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Jeremiah 39:6 +, suffix וּשְׁחָטוֺ consecutive Leviticus 3:2, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁחַט Leviticus 4:24 +, 2 feminine singular וַתִּשְׁחֲטִי Ezekiel 16:21,3masculine plural suffix וַיִּשְׁחָט֫וּהוּ Judges 12:6; Imperative masculine plural שַׁחֲטוּ Exodus 12:21; 2 Chronicles 35:6; Infinitive absolute שָׁחֹט Isaiah 22:13; construct לִשְׁחֹט Genesis 22:10, וֺט- Ezekiel 40:39, suffix שַׁחֲטָם (Ges§ 64 a) Ezekiel 23:39; Participle active שׁוֺחֵט Isaiah 66:3, etc.; passive שָׁחוּט 1 Kings 10:16 +, etc.; — slaughter:

1 beast for food 1 Samuel 14:32,34 (twice in verse); Isaiah 22:13 ("" הָרַג), compare Leviticus 17:3 (twice in verse), for blood Genesis 37:31 (E).

2 usually (51t.; Hexateuch only P, 38t.) technical term of killing sacrifice (BJacob ZAW xvii (1897), 5i), 1 Samuel 1:25; Exodus 29:11; Leviticus 1:5,11; Leviticus 4:24; Leviticus 9:8; Numbers 19:3; 2 Chronicles 29:22 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 29:24 +; absolute Ezekiel 40:41 (אֶל location); bird Leviticus 14:5,6,50,51; beast in illicit sacrifice Isaiah 66:3; with accusative of sacrifice (עוֺלָה, אָשָׁם, חַטָאת, etc.) Ezekiel 40:39 (אֶל location), Ezekiel 40:42; Ezekiel 44:11; Leviticus 4:24; Leviticus 7:2; Leviticus 14:13 +; passover lamb Exodus 12:6, accusative הַמֶּסַח Exodus 12:21; 2 Chronicles 30:15; 35:1,6,11; Ezra 6:20.

3 slaughter person Judges 12:6; 1 Kings 18:40; 2 Kings 10:7,14 (אֶל location), 2 Kings 25:7 = Jeremiah 39:6a = Jeremiah 52:10a, Jeremiah 39:6b = Jeremiah 52:10b, 41:7; ׳י subject Numbers 14:16 (JE); in human sacrifice Genesis 22:10 (E), to false gods Ezekiel 16:21; Ezekiel 23:39; Isaiah 57:5.

4 passive participle = beaten, hammered, זָהָב שָׁחוּט 1 Kings 10:16,17 2 Chronicles 9:15a 2 Chronicles 9:16, of shekels 2 Chronicles 9:15; so also Jeremiah 9:7 Qr חֵץשָׁחוּט (> Kt שׁוֺחֵט) hammered (i.e. sharpened) arrow.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשָּׁחֵט Numbers 11:22 (J) be slaughtered for food (subject beast); 3 feminine singular תִּשָּׁחֵט Leviticus 6:18 (twice in verse) (P) be slain, of sacrifice.

שְׁחֲטָה noun feminine (

Qal Infinitive construct i. 263) doubtful word; — שֵׂטִים הֶעְמִיקוּ׳וְשׁ Hosea 5:2 RV (compare AV) the revolters are gone deep in slaughtering ['Opferschlächterei' Kö ii. 1. 590, n. 1], Ew Now (formerly), Che in corrupting (read then שַׁחֲתָה); We Now GASm Marti שַׁחַת הַשִּׁטִּים have made deep the pit of Shittim (as place of idolatry).

שְׁחִין see שׁחן. שְׁחִיף see [ שָׂחִיף]. below,

שָׁחִיס Isaiah 37:30 = סָחִישׁ (in "" 2 Kings 19:29), q. v.

שׁחל (√ of following; Dl Prol.34 compare Assyrian ša—âlu, call, proclaim; perhaps both onomatopoetic, as Arabic bray (of ass), compare Nö ZMG xi (1886), 725).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

שָׁחַט Arab. سحط

(1)  to slay animals, Genesis 37:31; Isaiah 22:13 especially a victim, Levit. 1:5, 11 and even a human victim, Genesis 22:10; Isaiah 57:5. Hosea 5:2, שַׁחֲטָה שֵׂטִים הֶעֱמִיקוּ “in slaughtering (victims) they make deep their transgression.”

(2) to kill (persons), 2 Kings 25:7 Jerem. 39:6. חֵץ שׁוֹחֵט Jeremiah 9:7, a deadly arrow. In קרי there is שָׁחוּט, the sense not being different, prop. made to kill.

(3) זָהָב שָׁחוּט 1 Kings 10:16, 17 1 Kings 10:17; 2 Chronicles 9:15, 16 2 Chronicles 9:16, prob. mixed gold, alloyed with another metal, comp. Arab. سلحط to dilute wine with water; see more in Comment. on Isaiah 1:22. The LXX. understood gold beaten out, compare שָׁטַח to spread out, the letters being transposed.

Niphal, pass. of No. 1, Levit. 6:18 Numbers 11:22. Hence

List of Word Forms
הַשְּׁחֻטָ֔ה הַשְּׁחוּטָ֔ה השחוטה השחטה וְשַׁחֲט֖וּ וְשַׁחֲט֥וּ וְשַׁחֲטָ֥ה וְשָׁחֲט֣וּ וְשָׁחַ֖ט וְשָׁחַ֛ט וְשָׁחַ֞ט וְשָׁחַ֣ט וְשָׁחַ֤ט וְשָׁחַ֥ט וְשָׁחַ֨ט וְשָׁחַט֙ וְשָׁחַט֮ וְשָׁחַטְתָּ֖ וְשָׁחַטְתָּ֣ וְשָׁחַטְתָּ֥ וְשָׁחֹ֣ט וַֽיִּשְׁחֲט֖וּ וַֽיִּשְׁחֲטוּ֙ וַֽיִּשְׁחָט֞וּם וַֽתִּשְׁחֲטִ֖י וַיִּשְׁחֲט֣וּ וַיִּשְׁחֲט֤וּ וַיִּשְׁחֲטוּ־ וַיִּשְׁחַ֖ט וַיִּשְׁחַ֛ט וַיִּשְׁחַ֤ט וַיִּשְׁחַ֧ט וַיִּשְׁחַט֩ וַיִּשְׁחָ֑ט וַיִּשְׁחָ֓ט ׀ וַיִּשְׁחָ֗ט וַיִּשְׁחָט֖וּהוּ וַיִּשְׁחָטֵ֖ם וַיִּשְׁחָטֵ֞ם וַיִּשְׁחָטֵ֥הוּ וַיִּשְׁחָטוּם֙ וּֽבְשַׁחֲטָ֤ם וּשְׁחַטְתֶּ֤ם וּשְׁחָט֕וֹ ובשחטם וישחט וישחטהו וישחטו וישחטו־ וישחטוהו וישחטום וישחטם ושחט ושחטה ושחטו ושחטת ושחטתם ותשחטי יִשְׁחֲט֖וּ יִשְׁחֲט֧וּ יִשְׁחֲט֨וּ יִשְׁחֲטוּ֙ יִשְׁחַ֔ט יִשְׁחַ֖ט יִשְׁחַ֜ט יִשְׁחַ֥ט יִשְׁחַ֧ט יִשְׁחָֽטוּ׃ יִשָּׁחֵ֥ט ישחט ישחטו ישחטו׃ לִשְׁח֤וֹט לִשְׁחֹ֖ט לשחוט לשחט שָׁחֲט֖וּ שָׁחַ֖ט שָׁחַ֥ט שֹׁחֲטֵ֤י שָׁח֛וּט שׁוֹחֵ֨ט שוחט שחוט שחט שחטו שחטי תִּשָּׁחֵ֤ט תִּשָּׁחֵ֨ט תִשְׁחֲט֖וּ תִשְׁחַ֥ט תשחט תשחטו haš·šə·ḥu·ṭāh haš·šə·ḥū·ṭāh hashshechuTah haššəḥuṭāh haššəḥūṭāh liš·ḥō·wṭ liš·ḥōṭ lishChot lišḥōṭ lišḥōwṭ šā·ḥă·ṭū šā·ḥaṭ šā·ḥūṭ šāḥaṭ šāḥăṭū šāḥūṭ shaChat shachaTu shaChut shochaTei shoChet šō·ḥă·ṭê šō·w·ḥêṭ šōḥăṭê šōwḥêṭ ṯiš·ḥă·ṭū ṯiš·ḥaṭ tiš·šā·ḥêṭ ṯišḥaṭ ṯišḥăṭū tishChat tishchaTu tishshaChet tiššāḥêṭ ū·ḇə·ša·ḥă·ṭām ū·šə·ḥā·ṭōw ū·šə·ḥaṭ·tem ūḇəšaḥăṭām ūšəḥāṭōw ūšəḥaṭtem ushechaTo ushechatTem uveshachaTam vaiyishChat vaiyishchaTehu vaiyishchaTem vaiyishchaTu vaiyishchaTuhu vaiyishchaTum vattishchaTi veshaChat veshachaTah veshachatTa veshachaTu veshaChot wat·tiš·ḥă·ṭî wattišḥăṭî way·yiš·ḥā·ṭê·hū way·yiš·ḥā·ṭêm way·yiš·ḥă·ṭū way·yiš·ḥă·ṭū- way·yiš·ḥā·ṭū·hū way·yiš·ḥā·ṭūm way·yiš·ḥaṭ way·yiš·ḥāṭ wayyišḥaṭ wayyišḥāṭ wayyišḥāṭêhū wayyišḥāṭêm wayyišḥăṭū wayyišḥăṭū- wayyišḥāṭūhū wayyišḥāṭūm wə·ša·ḥă·ṭāh wə·ša·ḥă·ṭū wə·šā·ḥă·ṭū wə·šā·ḥaṭ wə·šā·ḥaṭ·tā wə·šā·ḥōṭ wəšāḥaṭ wəšaḥăṭāh wəšāḥaṭtā wəšaḥăṭū wəšāḥăṭū wəšāḥōṭ yiš·ḥă·ṭū yiš·ḥā·ṭū yiš·ḥaṭ yiš·šā·ḥêṭ yišḥaṭ yišḥăṭū yišḥāṭū yishChat yishchaTu yishshaChet yiššāḥêṭ

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