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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #7934 - שָׁכֵן

Word Origin:
from (07931)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) inhabitant, neighbour

1a) inhabitant

1b) neighbour

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1069 ‑ γείτων (ghi'‑tone);   1069 ‑ γείτων (ghi'‑tone);   3941 ‑ πάροικος (par'‑oy‑kos);   4040 ‑ περίοικος (per‑ee'‑oy‑kos);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (20)NAS (20)HCS (20)
2 Kings1
2 Kings1
2 Kings1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2838) nks (סהכנ ShKN) AC: Dwell CO: Dwelling AB: ?: [from: kx]

V) nks (סהכנ ShKN) - Dwell: To stay or sit in one location. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (131): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) dwell, abide, remain, inhabit, rest, set, continue, dweller, dwelling, habitation - Strongs: H7931 (שָׁכַן), H7932 (שְׁכַן)

Nm) nks (סהכנ ShKN) - I. Dwelling:The place of residence. II. Neighbor:A fellow dweller. KJV (21): habitation, neighbour, inhabitant, thereunto - Strongs: H7933 (שָׁכַן), H7934 (שָׁכֵן)

hm) nksm (מסהכנ MShKN) - Dwelling: The place of residence. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (140): tabernacle, dwelling, habitation, dwellingplace, place, dwell, tent - Strongs: H4907 (מִשְׁכַּן), H4908 (מִשְׁכָּן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ שָׁכֵן adjective inhabitant, neighbour; — ׳שׁ Isaiah 33:24 +; construct שְׁכַן Hosea 10:5; suffix שְׁכֵנוֺ Exodus 12:4; שְׁכֵָנ֑יִכְי֯ 2 Kings 4:3 etc.; feminine suffix שְׁכֶנְתָּהּ Exodus 3:22; feminine plural שְׁכֵנוֺת Ruth 4:17; —

1 inhabitant, Isaiah 33:24; Hosea 10:5.

2 neighbour: woman Exodus 3:22 (E); plural Ruth 4:7; man Exodus 12:4 (P) Jeremiah 6:21; Proverbs 27:10, plural 2 Kings 4:3; of places Deuteronomy 1:7; nations, to Judah Ezekiel 16:26; Psalm 79:12; חֶרְמָּה לִשְׁכֵנֵי(נוּׅ Psalm 44:14; Psalm 79:4, compare Psalm 31:2; Psalm 89:42; ׳מָדוֺן לשׁ Psalm 80:7; to Edom Jeremiah 49:10; to Sodom Jeremiah 49:18; Jeremiah 50:40; to ׳י Jeremiah 11:4 (because to his people).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

שָׁכֵן fut. יִשְׁכֹּן.

(1)  to let oneself down, to settle down, e.g. the pillar of fire and cloud, Numbers 9:17, 22 10:12 Exodus 24:16.

(2) to lie down, especially to take rest, used of the lion, Deuteronomy 33:20 of a nation lying in tents, encamped, Numbers 24:2 of clouds overshadowing any day, followed by עַל Job 3:5. Hence to rest, Judges 5:17; Proverbs 7:11, בְּבֵיתָהּ לֹא יִשְׁכְּנוּ רַגְלֶיהָ “her feet rest not in her house.”

(3) to dwell, to abide (Arab. سكن id.), followed by בְּ of place, Genesis 9:27, 14:13 26:2 Judges 8:11 followed by an acc. of place, Isaiah 33:16; Psalms 68:7. Of frequent occurrence is the phrase שָׁכַן אֶרֶץ to dwell in, or inhabit the land, to possess it quietly, Proverbs 2:21, 10:30 Psalms 37:29 and without אֶרֶץ Ps. 102:29 (compare a similar ellipsis, Isaiah 57:15, “God, שֹׁכֵן עַד who inhabits (the heavens) for ever”); 2 Samuel 7:10, וְשָׁכַן תַּחְתָּיו “and (the people) shall inhabit in their own place;” Deuteronomy 33:16, שֹׁכְנִי סְנֶה “the dweller in the bush,” i.e. Jehovah, compare Exodus 3:2. With a dative pleon. Psalms 120:6, שָֽׁכְנָה לָהּ “to dwell for oneself.”-Part. pass. שָׁכוּן act. dwelling, like the French logé, Judges 8:11.-Once metaph. to dwell in any thing is used for to be familiar with it (see סָכַן and Arab. سكن to be familiar), Proverbs 8:12, “I, wisdom, עָרְמָה שָׁכַנְתִּי dwell in prudence,” am altogether acquainted with her.

(4) pass. to be inhabited, as a place, i.q. יָשַׁב No. 4, Jeremiah 50:39, 33:16 46:26 Isaiah 13:20 used of a tent which is pitched, Joshua 22:19.

Piel, to cause to dwell, Jeremiah 7:7; Numbers 14:30. Jehovah is sometimes said שִׁכֵּן שְׁמוֹ i.e. to fix his abode any where [cause his name to dwell], Deuteronomy 12:11, 14:23 16:6, 11 Deuteronomy 16:11, 26:2, i.q. שׂוּם שְׁמוֹ under שׂוּם No. 1, f. Hence may be explained Psalms 78:60, אֹהֶל שִׁכֵּוֹ בָּאָדָם “the tent (in which) he caused (his name) to dwell amongst men,” unless it be preferred “the tent which he placed amongst men,” compare Joshua 18:1, 22:19. Also from this phrase is taken the Talmudic שְׁכִינָה “presence of God.”

Hiphil, to cause any one to dwell, Genesis 3:24; Job 11:14 to place a tent, Joshua 18:1 (compare Kal, Joshua 22:19); Psalms 7:6, כְּבוֹדִי לֶעָפָר יַשְׁכֵּן “let him make me (my honour) to dwell in the dust,” prostrate me on the dust.

Derivatives, שָׁכֵן-שְׁכַנְיָהוּ, מִשְׁכָּן.

List of Word Forms
הַשְּׁכֵנ֥וֹת השכנות וְלִשֲׁכֵנַ֨י ׀ וּשְׁכֵנ֛וֹ וּשְׁכֵנֶ֖יהָ וּשְׁכֵנָ֖יו ולשכני ושכנו ושכניה ושכניו לִשְׁכֵנֵ֑ינוּ לִשְׁכֵנֵ֣ינוּ לִשְׁכֵנָֽיו׃ לשכניו׃ לשכנינו מִשְּׁכֶנְתָּהּ֙ משכנתה שְׁכֵנֶ֖יהָ שְׁכֵנַ֖יִךְ שְׁכֵנַי֙ שְׁכֵנָיו֒ שְׁכַ֣ן שָׁכֵ֖ן שָׁכֵ֥ן שְׁכֵנָ֑יִךְ שכן שכני שכניה שכניו שכניך haš·šə·ḵê·nō·wṯ hashshecheNot haššəḵênōwṯ liš·ḵê·nāw liš·ḵê·nê·nū lishcheNav lishcheNeinu lišḵênāw lišḵênênū miš·šə·ḵen·tāh mishshechenTah miššəḵentāh šā·ḵên šāḵên šə·ḵan šə·ḵê·na·yiḵ šə·ḵê·nā·yiḵ šə·ḵê·nāw šə·ḵê·nay šə·ḵê·ne·hā šəḵan šəḵênāw šəḵênay šəḵênayiḵ šəḵênāyiḵ šəḵênehā shaChen sheChan shecheNai shecheNav shecheNayich shecheNeiha ū·šə·ḵê·nāw ū·šə·ḵê·ne·hā ū·šə·ḵê·nōw ūšəḵênāw ūšəḵênehā ūšəḵênōw ushecheNav ushecheNeiha ushecheNo velishacheNai wə·li·šă·ḵê·nay wəlišăḵênay

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