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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #809 - אֲשִׁישָׁה

Word Origin:
from (0808)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) raisin-cake, used in sacrificial feasts

1a) consistently translated in AV as “flagon of wine”

Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (4)NAS (6)HCS (4)
2 Samuel1
1 Chronicles1
Song of Solomon1
2 Samuel1
1 Chronicles1
Song of Solomon1
2 Samuel1
1 Chronicles1
Song of Solomon1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)

A) sa (אסה ASh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The pressing of wood together with a fire drill to produce fire through friction.

Nf) sa (אסה ASh) - Fire: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): fire, burning, fiery, flaming, hot - Strongs: H784 (אֵשׁ), H785 (אֶשָּׁא)

Nf1) esa (אסהה AShH) - Fire: A fire as well as an offering made by fire. KJV (1): fire - Strongs: H800 (אֵשׁ)

jm) nfsa (אסהונ AShWN) - Furnace: [Aramaic only] KJV (10): furnace - Strongs: H861 (אַתּוּן)

B) ssa (אסהסה AShSh) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

bf) sisa (אסהיסה AShYSh) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H808 (אָשִׁישׁ)

bf1) esisa (אסהיסהה AShYShH) - Raisin Cake: Dried raisins, a food staple, were pressed into cakes. KJV (4): flagon - Strongs: H809 (אֲשִׁישָׁה)

E) asa (אסהא AShA) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

om) asfa (אוסהא AWShA) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): foundation - Strongs: H787 (אשׁ)

H) esa (אסהה AShH) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?

em ) esia (איסהה AYShH) - Fire: A fire offering. KJV (65): offering - Strongs: H801 (אִשֶּׁה)

L) sai (יאסה YASh) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Despair: A strong pressing down on someone bringing despair or hopelessness.

V) sai (יאסה YASh) - Despair: A pressure of hopelessness. KJV (6): (vf: Niphal, Piel) despair, desperate, no hope - Strongs: H2976 (יָאַשׁ)

M) sia (איסה AYSh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The charred wood after being burned in the fire.

jm) nfsia (איסהונ AYShWN) - Black: The black of night or the pupil of the eye. In the sense of charring from a fire. KJV (6): apple, obscure, black - Strongs: H380 (אִישׁוֹן)

N) isa (אסהי AShY) AC: ? CO: Pillar AB: ?: A strong pressing down on something.

df1) eifsa (אסהויה AShWYH) - Pil KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H803 (אֲשׁוּיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ אֲשִׁישָׁה noun feminine (pressed) raisin-cake׳א 2 Samuel 6:19; 1 Chronicles 16:3 distributed, with other viands, to people; especially as stimulating, plural אֲשִׁישׁוֺת Song of Solomon 2:5; more explicitly אֲשִׁישֵׁי עֲנָבִים Hosea 3:1 used in sacrificial feasts (compare RS OTJC Lect. xi. n. 7); אֲשִׁישֵׁיקִיר חֲרֶשֶׂת Isaiah 16:7, i.e. the raisin-cakes which were an article of trade at Qir-hareseth (taken by Thes and others = foundations, i.e. foundations exposed by ruin, from [אָשִׁישׁ] with such a meaning).

אֵ֫שֶׁת see אִשָּׁה below III. אנשׁ.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

אֲשִׁישָׁה f. 2 Samuel 6:19; 1 Chronicles 16:3. Pl. אֲשִׁישִׁים Hosea 3:1 & אֲשִׁישׁוֹת, Song of Solomon 2:5 liba, cakes, specially such as were made of grapes, and dried and pressed into a certain form; see אֲשִׁשֵׁי עֲנָבִים Hos. loc. cit., from the root אָשַׁשׁ. They are mentioned as dainties, with which those who were wearied with a journey and languid were refreshed (2 Sa., Chron., Cant. l. l. c. c.), and which were offered in sacrifices to idols (Hos. loc. cit.). This word differs from צִמּוּק i.e. dried grapes, but not pressed together into a cake, and from דְּבֵלָה i.e. figs pressed together into a cake. The primary idea should be sought apparently in that of pressing together (see the root, and comp. כַּוָּן cakes, from כַּוֵּן to make firm, and צַפִּיחִית from צָפַח to spread out), and not in the idea of fire (אֵשׁ), as being cakes baked with fire. The same word is found in Pseudojon. Exodus 16:31, where אֲשִׁשְׁיָן is for the Hebr. צַפִּיחִית, and in the Mishnah (Nedarim, vi. § 10), where אֲשִׁישִׁים is used for food made of lentiles, no doubt cakes made of boiled lentiles.

List of Word Forms
אֲשִׁישֵׁ֥י אשישי בָּֽאֲשִׁישׁ֔וֹת באשישות וַאֲשִׁישָֽׁה׃ וַאֲשִׁישָׁ֖ה ואשישה ואשישה׃ ’ă·šî·šê ’ăšîšê ashiShei bā’ăšîšōwṯ bā·’ă·šî·šō·wṯ baashiShot vaashiShah wa’ăšîšāh wa·’ă·šî·šāh

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