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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #8478 - תַּחַת

Transliteration:
tachath
Phonetics:
takh'-ath  
Word Origin:
from the same as (08430)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
TWOT:
2504
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs' | Strong's ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition
  1. the under part, beneath, instead of, as, for, for the sake of, flat, unto, where, whereas n m
    1. the under part adv accus
    2. beneath prep
    3. under, beneath
      1. at the foot of (idiom)
      2. sweetness, subjection, woman, being burdened or oppressed (fig)
      3. of subjection or conquest
    4. what is under one, the place in which one stands
      1. in one's place, the place in which one stands (idiom with reflexive pronoun)
      2. in place of, instead of (in transferred sense)
      3. in place of, in exchange or return for (of things mutually interchanged) conj
    5. instead of, instead of that
    6. in return for that, because that in compounds
    7. in, under, into the place of (after verbs of motion)
    8. from under, from beneath, from under the hand of, from his place, under, beneath
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2945 ‑ κύκλῳ (koo'‑klo);   243 ‑ ἄλλος (al'‑los);   3624 ‑ οἶκος (oy'‑kos);   3694 ‑ ὀπίσω (op‑is'‑o);   5117 ‑ τόπος (top'‑os);   5270 ‑ ὑποκάτω (hoop‑ok‑at'‑o);   5561 ‑ χώρα (kho'‑rah);   5220 ‑ ὕπανδρος (hoop'‑an‑dros);   2736 ‑ κατωτέρω (kat'‑o, kat‑o‑ter'‑o);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (24)NAS (313)HCS (490)
Genesis6
Exodus2
Leviticus1
Deuteronomy1
Joshua1
2 Samuel2
1 Kings1
1 Chronicles1
Job3
Psalms1
Isaiah1
Jeremiah3
Ezekiel1
Genesis28
Exodus28
Leviticus7
Numbers13
Deuteronomy26
Joshua13
Judges9
Ruth1
1 Samuel8
2 Samuel15
1 Kings37
2 Kings40
1 Chronicles16
2 Chronicles27
Esther2
Job21
Psalms16
Proverbs7
Ecclesiastes31
Song of Solomon4
Isaiah19
Jeremiah14
Lamentations2
Ezekiel19
Daniel3
Hosea1
Joel1
Amos2
Jonah1
Micah2
Habakkuk2
Zephaniah1
Zechariah4
Malachi1
Genesis31
Exodus51
Leviticus12
Numbers15
Deuteronomy27
Joshua11
Judges9
Ruth1
1 Samuel12
2 Samuel16
1 Kings41
2 Kings40
1 Chronicles16
2 Chronicles28
Nehemiah1
Esther2
Job21
Psalms22
Proverbs7
Ecclesiastes34
Song of Solomon4
Isaiah33
Jeremiah14
Lamentations2
Ezekiel20
Daniel3
Hosea2
Joel1
Amos2
Obadiah1
Micah3
Habakkuk2
Zephaniah1
Zechariah4
Malachi1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2892) tht (תההת THhT) AC: ? CO: Under AB: ?: The lower or bottom part of something. [from: ht- as the under part is divided from what is above]

Nm ) tht (תההת THhT) - Under: Under or underneath. Also to be underneath in the sense of being in place of something else. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (25): instead, under, for, as, with, from, flat, same - Strongs: H8478 (תַּחַת), H8479 (תְּחֹת)

cm) tfht (תההות THhWT) - Under: KJV (4): under - Strongs: H8460 (תְּחֹת)

fm) itht (תההתי THhTY) - Low: A low place. KJV (19): nether, lowest, lower - Strongs: H8482 (תַּחְתִּי)

jm) nftht (תההתונ THhTWN) - Lower: KJV (13): nether, lower, lowest, nethermost - Strongs: H8481 (תַּחְתֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 תַּחַת noun [masculine] the under part (Arabic id.), hence as

adverb accusative and

preposition underneath, below, instead of (so Arabic , Sabean תחת, Ethiopic Phoenician תחת (Lzb385); Biblical Aramaic ᵑ7, תְּחוֺת, Palmyrene in מן לתחת Tariff Genesis 1:4 (Cooke320), Syriac ); — 1 as

adverb accusative Genesis 49:25 (= Deuteronomy 33:13) the deep רֹבֶצֶת תָּ֑חַת that coucheth beneath; more usually with מִן, מִתָּחַת literally off (מִן

1 c) the under part = beneath, Exodus 20:4 (= Deuteronomy 5:8) בָּאָרֶץ מִתָּ֑חַת (so Deuteronomy 4:39; Joshua 2: 1 Kings 8:23 [both D2], Isaiah 51:6), Deuteronomy 33:27; Judges 7:8; Amos 2:9; Isaiah 14:9; Job 18:16; Ezekiel 47:1 b

II. as

preposition; so construct, and with suffix (usually in the plural, and so literally in the parts underneath) תַּחְתַּי Habakkuk 3:16+, חַתֵּנִי (compare בַּעֲדֵנִי, עוֺדֶנִּי: Ges§ 103 d) 2 Samuel 22:37,40,48 ( Psalm 18:37; 18:40; 18:48 תַּחְתָּ֑י); תַּחְתֶּיךָ; תַּחְתָּיו (Kt תַּחְתּוֺ 2 Samuel 2:23; 2 Samuel 3:12; 2 Samuel 16:8; Job 9:13), תֵּחְתֶּיהָ Leviticus 13:23 16t., תַּחְתֶּ֫נָּה (compare אֵינֶנָּה, עוֺדֶנָּה) Genesis 2:21; תַּחְתֵּינוּ 1 Samuel 14:9; Psalm 47:4; תַּחְתֵּיהֶם Joshua 2:14; Amos 2:13; תַּחְתֵּיהֶם Numbers 16:31; 1 Kings 20:24; 1 Chronicles 4:41; 1 Chronicles 5:22; 2 Chronicles 12:10 (for תַּחְתָּם 1 Kings 14:27), תַּחְתָּם Deuteronomy 2:12 10t., תַּחְתֵּקהֶן Jeremiah 28:13; —

1 under, beneath, Genesis 7:19 הַשָּׁמַיִם תַּחַת כָּלֿ under the whole heaven (so Deuteronomy 2:25; Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 28:24; Job 37:3; Job 41:3; Daniel 9:12), Daniel 18:4 הָעֵץ׳ת, Daniel 21:15; Daniel 24:2+ often; Job 30:14 שׁוֺאָה׳תּ under the crash they roll themselves against me; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ׳ת Ecclesiastes 1:3,9,13 #NAME? Ecclesiastes (so in Phoenician, Cooke4. 7; 5. 12). With לְ 2 Chronicles 4:3 תַּחַת לוֺ, Song of Solomon 2:6 = Song of Solomon 8:3 לְראֹשִׁי׳ת. Idiomatic

a. תַּחַת הָהָר at the foot of the mountain, Exodus 24:4; Deuteronomy 4:11, so Deuteronomy 3:17 ׳אַשְׁדֹּת הַמִּסְגָּה ת Joshua 11:3,17 +; figurative Psalm 18:37 תַּחְתָּ֑י תַּרְחִיד אְעָדַי thou broadenest mysteps under me, Job 36:15 רַחַב לאֹ מוּצָק תַּחְתֶּיךָ (so read for תחתיה, Di Bu) breadth unstraitened is beneath thee.

b.׳הַלָּשׁוֺן ת, of something held there as a dainty morsel, and ready, when needed, to be brought out, figurative of sweetness Song of Solomon 4:11, of evil Psalm 10:7 ׳לְשֹׁנוֺ עָמָל וָאָוֶן ת, Job 20:12 (so שְׁפָתֵימוֺ׳ת Psalm 140:4), of praise Psalm 66:17 לְשֹׁנוֺ׳וְרוֺמַם ת (synonym בִּגְרוֺנָם Psalm 149:6).

c.׳תַּחַת פ: ( a) of subjection, Psalm 18:40 תַּחְתָּ֑י תַּכְּ רִיעַ קָמַי, Psalm 18:48 (compare Psalm 47:4; Psalm 144:2), Psalm 45:6; Job 9:13. ( b) of a woman, אִישָׁתּ׳ת, i.e. under his authority, Numbers 5:19,20,29, so Ezekiel 23:5 תַּחְתַּי being under me = being mine (figurative of Israel as ׳י s spouse), compare ὕπανδρος Romans 7:2, and Qor 66:10. ( c) of being burdened or oppressed under, Isaiah 24:5 the earth יָֽשְׁבֶיהָ׳הָֽנְפָה ת, Proverbs 30:21 שָׁלוֺשׁ רָגְזָה אֶרֶץ׳ת, Proverbs 30:22; Proverbs 30:23; Habakkuk 3:7 אָיֶן׳ת i.e. (si vera 1.) suffering under calamity.

d. ׳יַד פ׳ת, of authority or control, Genesis 41:35 יַד מַּרְעֹה׳וְיִצְבְּרוּ בָר ת; Judges 3:30 (compare Psalm 106:42), 1 Samuel 21:4; 1 Samuel 21:5 (strike out אֶל; dittograph חֹל), v. 1 Samuel 21:9; Isaiah 3:6.

e.׳רַגְלֵי פ ׳ת, of subjection or conquest, Psalm 8:7 רַגְלָיו כֹּל׳שַׁתָּה ת, Psalm 18:39; Psalm 47:4; Lamentations 3:34, compare Malachi 3:31.

2 what is under one, the place in which one stands: hence as accusative,

a. with reflexive pronoun, idiomatic, in one's place, where one stands, Exodus 16:29 תַּחְתָּיו שְׁבוּ אִישׁ abide every one in his place, Leviticus 13:23,28; Joshua 5:8; Joshua 6:5,20; Judges 7:21; 1 Samuel 14:9 וְעָמַדְנוּ תַחְתֵּינוּ we will remain where we are, 2 Samuel 2:23 וַיָּמָת תַּחְתָּו he died where he was (compare Jeremiah 38:9 [read וּמֵת]), Jeremiah 7:10; Isaiah 25:10; Isaiah 46:7; Amos 2:13; Habakkuk 3:16 וְתַחְתַּי אֶרְגָּ֑ז I tremble where I stand, Zechariah 12:6; Zechariah 14:10; Job 36:20; Job 40:12 תַּחְתָּם

b. in transferred sense, in place of, instead of: (a) Genesis 2:18; Genesis 4:25 הֶבֶל׳ת instead of Abel, Genesis 22:13 בְּנוֺ׳ת, Genesis 30:2 אלהיס אנכי׳הֲת (compare Genesis 50:19), Genesis 44:33; 2 Samuel 19:1 + often; Job 16:4; Isaiah 3:24; Isaiah 55:13; Isaiah 61:3,7; of one succeeding to the place of another, תַּחְתָּיו וַיִּמְחֹ Genesis 36:33-49 1 Kings 8:20; 1 Kings 11:43; 1 Kings 14:20 + often, Deuteronomy 2:12,21 וַיֵָּֽשְׁבוּ תַחְתָּם, Leviticus 16:32; 1 Kings 2:35 +; Psalm 45:17 in place of thy fathers (whom thou mayest therefore forget) will be thy children. compare in Ph CIS i 3:9 (Cooke30). Sq. infinitive Isaiah 60:15 הֱיוֺתֵח׳ת instead of thy being . . . Peculiarly Job 34:26 (si vera lectio)= as if they were, like; but text very dubious; Bi Bu תָּחֵת חֲמָתוֺ רְשָׁעִ֑ים his wrath breaketh in pieces the wicked. (b) in particular, of things mutually interchanged, in place of, in exchange or return for: Genesis 30:15 דּוּדָאֵי בְנֵח׳ת in return, for thy son's love-apples, Exodus 21:23) גֶפְשׁ life for life, Exodus 21:24; Exodus 21:25; Exodus 21:26; Exodus 21:27; Exodus 21:36; Exodus 22:37, Joshua 2:14 נַפְשֵׁנוּ תַחְתֵּיכֶםלָמוּת, 1 Samuel 2:20; 1 Kings 20:39 נפשׁו׳נפשׁך ת, 1 Kings 20:42 (compare 2 Kings 10:24), 2 Kings 21:2; Isaiah 43:3,4; often with verbs of requiting, Genesis 44:4 טוֺבָם׳לָ֫מּה שִׁלַּמְתֶּם רָעָה ת why have ye rewarded evil in exchange for good ? 1 Samuel 25:21; 2 Samuel 16:12; 2 Samuel 19:22; Psalm 35:12 טוֺבָה׳יְשַׁלְּמוּנִי דָעָה ת, Psalm 38:21 a; Psalm 109:4; Psalm 109:5; Proverbs 17:3 +; Jeremiah 5:19 תַּחַת מֶה in return for what? (compare עַלמֶֿה Jeremiah 22:8; Deuteronomy 29:23; 1 Kings 9:8). So followed by infinitive Psalm 38:21b. 3 as

conjunction: a.תַּחַת אֲשֶׁר: ( a) instead of that (German. anstatt dass), Deuteronomy 28:62 הֱיִיתֶם׳א ׳ת instead of that ye were..., instead of your being.., Ezekiel 36:34. (b) in return for (the fact) that, because that (ᵐ5 ἀνθ’ ὧν Amos 1:3 + often), Numbers 25:13 ׳אֲשֶׁר קִנָּא לא׳ת, Deuteronomy 21:14; Deuteronomy 22:29; Deuteronomy 28:47; 1 Samuel 26:21; 2 Kings 22:17 2 Chronicles 34:25; Isaiah 53:12; Jeremiah 29:19; Jeremiah 50:7; 2 Chronicles 21:12.

b. תַּחַת כִּי Deuteronomy 4:37 (but ? read : וֶַ˜תּחִי as end of Deuteronomy 4:36), Proverbs 1:29. compare עֵקֶב אֲשֶׁר (כִּיׅ.

III compounds:

1אֶלתַּֿחַת, after a verb of motion:

a. ( in) under, Judges 6:19 וַיּוֺצֵא אֶלֿהָאֵלָה ׳ת, 1 Kings 8:6 ("" 2 Chronicles 5:7), Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 38:11 (on 1 Samuel 21:5 see

II:1 d); afterקָרָא Zechariah 3:10: so ׳לְ׳אֶלתֿ Ezekiel 10:2.

b. into the place of, Leviticus 14:42.

2 מִתַּחַת (= ὑπ’ ἐκ):

a. alone, from under, from beneath as מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמַיִם Genesis 1:7, and especially after such verbs as שִׁחֵת Genesis 6:17, מָחֶה Exodus 17:14; Deuteronomy 9:14; Deuteronomy 25:19; Deuteronomy 29:19; 2 Kings 14:27, הֶאֲבִיד Deuteronomy 7:24, compare Lamentations 3:66; Ezekiel 47:1 a מִמְּתַּן׳מִתּ הַבַּיִת, Proverbs 22:27 לָ֫מָּה יִקַח מִשְׁכָּֽבְּךָ מִּתַּחְתֶּיךָ; Exodus 6:6,7 סִבְלוֺת מִצְרַיִם׳מִתּ, Hosea 4:12 אֱלֹהֵיהֶם׳וַיִּזְנוּ מִתּ (compare

II:1 c a, b); ׳יַד פ׳מִתּ (compare

II:1 d) from under the hand (power) of ... Exodus 18:10; 2 Kings 8:20,22; 2 Kings 13:5; 2 Kings 17:7 +; מִתַּחְתָּיו (compare

II:2 a) from his place Exodus 10:23; Zechariah 6:12. Rarely = תַּחַת or ׳מִתַּחַת לְ, Genesis 1:9 (P) Ezekiel 1:8; Ezekiel 42:9; Ezekiel 46:23; Job 26:5.

b.׳מִתַּחַת לְ (opposed to ׳מִמַּעַל לְ) under, beneath: Genesis 1:17 ׳הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר מִתּלָרָקִיעַ, Exodus 20:4 הַמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ (so Deuteronomy 4:18; Deuteronomy 5:8), Judges 3:16 לְמַדָּיו׳מִתּ, Jeremiah 38:12 +; of locality, Genesis 35:8 לְבֵיתְאֵל׳מִתּ, 1 Samuel 7:11; 1 Kings 4:12.

c. ׳לְמִתַּחַת לְ ( compare מִן

9b), id quod ׳מִתַּחַת לְ 1 Kings 7:32.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
הֲתַ֣חַת הֲתַ֤חַת הֲתַ֥חַת התחת וְ֝תַחְתֶּ֗יהָ וְתַ֖חַת וְתַ֗חַת וְתַ֙חַת֙ וְתַ֣חַת וְתַ֤חַת וְתַ֥חַת וְתַ֧חַת וְתַ֨חַת וְתַֽחַת־ וְתַחְתַּ֣י וּמִתַּ֖חַת וּמִתַּ֙חַת֙ וּמִתַּחְתָּ֣יו וּמִתַּ֖חַת ומתחת ומתחתיו ותחת ותחת־ ותחתי ותחתיה לְמִתַּ֙חַת֙ למתחת מִ֭תַּחַת מִתַָּ֑֜חַת מִתַּ֕חַת מִתַּ֖חַת מִתַּ֗חַת מִתַּ֙חַת֙ מִתַּ֛חַת מִתַּ֜חַת מִתַּ֣חַת מִתַּ֤חַת מִתַּ֥֣חַת מִתַּ֥חַת מִתַּ֨חַת מִתַּחְתֶּֽיךָ׃ מִתַּחְתָּ֖יו מִתָּ֑֜חַת מִתָּ֑חַת מִתָּֽחַת׃ מתחת מתחת׃ מתחתיו מתחתיך׃ תַ֖חַת תַ֨חַת תַּ֖חַת תַּ֗חַת תַּ֚חַת תַּ֛חַת תַּ֠חַת תַּ֣חַת תַּ֣חַת ׀ תַּ֤חַת תַּ֥חַת תַּ֧חַת תַּ֨חַת תַּ֭חְתָּיו תַּ֭חַת תַּֽחַת־ תַּחְתֵּ֑ינוּ תַּחְתֵּ֑נִי תַּחְתֵּֽנִי׃ תַּחְתֵּיהֶ֑ם תַּחְתֵּיהֶ֔ם תַּחְתֵּיהֶֽם׃ תַּחְתֵּיכֶ֑ם תַּחְתֶּ֑יהָ תַּחְתֶּ֔יהָ תַּחְתֶּ֔יךָ תַּחְתֶּ֖יהָ תַּחְתֶּ֖יךָ תַּחְתֶּ֗יהָ תַּחְתֶּ֙יהָ֙ תַּחְתֶּ֙יךָ֙ תַּחְתֶּ֜יהָ תַּחְתֶּ֣יךָ תַּחְתֶּֽיהָ׃ תַּחְתֶּֽיךָ׃ תַּחְתֶּֽנָּה׃ תַּחְתֶּיהָ֩ תַּחְתָּ֑י תַּחְתָּ֑יו תַּחְתָּ֑ם תַּחְתָּ֔יו תַּחְתָּ֔ם תַּחְתָּ֖יו תַּחְתָּ֗יו תַּחְתָּ֛יו תַּחְתָּ֜יו תַּחְתָּ֣יו תַּחְתָּֽי׃ תַּחְתָּֽיו׃ תַּחְתָּֽם׃ תַּחְתָּיו֙ תַּחַת֩ תַּחַת־ תַֽחַת־ תַחְתֵּ֔ינוּ תַחְתֵּיהֶ֖ם תַחְתֵּיהֶ֖ן תַחְתֵּיכֶם֙ תַחְתֶּ֔יךָ תַחְתֶּ֜יהָ תַחְתָּ֑י תַחְתָּ֔יו תַחְתָּ֔ם תַחְתָּ֖יו תַחְתָּ֗יו תַחְתָּ֛ם תַחְתָּֽי׃ תַחְתָּֽם׃ תַחְתָּיו֙ תָּ֑חַת תָּֽחַת׃ תַּחְתָּ֑יו תַּחְתָּ֔יו תַּחְתָּ֥יו תחת תחת־ תחת׃ תחתי תחתי׃ תחתיה תחתיה׃ תחתיהם תחתיהם׃ תחתיהן תחתיו תחתיו׃ תחתיך תחתיך׃ תחתיכם תחתינו תחתם תחתם׃ תחתנה׃ תחתני תחתני׃ hă·ṯa·ḥaṯ haTachat hăṯaḥaṯ lə·mit·ta·ḥaṯ lemitTachat ləmittaḥaṯ mit·ta·ḥaṯ mit·tā·ḥaṯ mit·taḥ·tāw mit·taḥ·te·ḵā mitTachat mittachTav mittachTeicha mittaḥaṯ mittāḥaṯ mittaḥtāw mittaḥteḵā ta·ḥaṯ tā·ḥaṯ ṯa·ḥaṯ ta·ḥaṯ- ṯa·ḥaṯ- Tachat tachTai tachTam tachTav tachTeicha tachteiChem tachTeiha tachteiHem tachteiHen tachTeinu tachTeni tachTennah taḥ·tām ṯaḥ·tām taḥ·tāw ṯaḥ·tāw taḥ·tāy ṯaḥ·tāy taḥ·te·hā ṯaḥ·te·hā taḥ·tê·hem ṯaḥ·tê·hem ṯaḥ·tê·hen taḥ·te·ḵā ṯaḥ·te·ḵā taḥ·tê·ḵem ṯaḥ·tê·ḵem taḥ·tê·nî taḥ·tê·nū ṯaḥ·tê·nū taḥ·ten·nāh taḥaṯ tāḥaṯ ṯaḥaṯ taḥaṯ- ṯaḥaṯ- taḥtām ṯaḥtām taḥtāw ṯaḥtāw taḥtāy ṯaḥtāy taḥtehā ṯaḥtehā taḥtêhem ṯaḥtêhem ṯaḥtêhen taḥteḵā ṯaḥteḵā taḥtêḵem ṯaḥtêḵem taḥtênî taḥtennāh taḥtênū ṯaḥtênū ū·mit·ta·ḥaṯ ū·mit·taḥ·tāw umitTachat umittachTav ūmittaḥaṯ ūmittaḥtāw veTachat vetachTai vetachTeiha wə·ṯa·ḥaṯ wə·ṯa·ḥaṯ- wə·ṯaḥ·tay wə·ṯaḥ·te·hā wəṯaḥaṯ wəṯaḥaṯ- wəṯaḥtay wəṯaḥtehā
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