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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #8581 - תָּעַב

Word Origin:
a primitive root
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to abhor, be abominable, do abominably

1a) (Niphal) to be abhorred, be detested

1a1) in the ritual sense

1a2) in the ethical sense

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to loathe, abhor, regard as an abomination

1b1a) in the ritual sense

1b1b) in the ethical sense

1b2) to cause to be an abomination

1c) (Hiphil) to make abominable, do abominably

1c1) in the ritual sense

1c2) in the ethical sense

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1937 ‑ ἐπιθυμέω (ep‑ee‑thoo‑meh'‑o);   1971 ‑ ἐπιποθέω (ep‑ee‑poth‑eh'‑o);   948 ‑ βδελύσσομαι (bdel‑oos'‑so);   2729 ‑ κατισχύω (kat‑is‑khoo'‑o);   4360 ‑ προσοχθίζω (pros‑okh‑thid'‑zo);   948 ‑ βδελύσσομαι (bdel‑oos'‑so);   3075 ‑ λυμαίνω (loo‑mah'ee‑nom‑ahee);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (22)NAS (21)HCS (21)
1 Kings1
1 Chronicles1
1 Kings1
1 Chronicles1
1 Kings1
1 Chronicles1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2897) bot (תאהב TAhB) AC: Hate CO: ? AB: Disgusting

V) bot (תאהב TAhB) - Hate: To hate something that is disgusting. KJV (22): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) abhor, abominable - Strongs: H8581 (תָּעַב)

gf1) eboft (תואהבה TWAhBH) - Disgusting: KJV (117): abomination, abominable - Strongs: H8441 (תּוֹעֵבָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ [תָּעַב] verb denominative Niph`al Pi`el: Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִתְעַב 1 Chronicles 21:6; Participle נִתְעָב Isaiah 14:19; Job 15:16; — be abhorred:

1 ritual sense:נֵצֶר נִתְעָב Isaiah 14:19 an abhorred (rejected) branch ( < נֵץ vulture, the unclean scavenger bird); נִתְעָב וֶנֶאֱלָךְ֑ Job 15:16 abhorred and corrupt, from disease (נאלח elsewhere Psalm 14:3 = Psalm 53:4 "" התעיב).

2 ethically: David's census, according to 1 Chronicles 21:6.

Pi`el Perfect 3 plural sf תִּעֲבוּנִי Job 9:31 2t.; Imperfect יְתָעֵב Psalm 106:40; Psalm 5:7 (read 2 masculine singular תְּתַעֵב); 3 feminine singular תְּתַעֵב Psalm 107:18; 2 masculine singular תְּתַעֵב Deuteronomy 23:8 (twice in verse), etc.; Infinitive absolute תַּעֵב Deuteronomy 7:26; Participle מְתָעֵב Isaiah 49:7 (but see infra), + Amos 6:8 (so read for מְתָאֵב Gei Urschrift 349 We Now Marti Harper); plural מְתַעֲבִים Micah 3:9; —

1 regard as an abomination abhor:

a. ritual sense: (1) of God; with accusative of Israel, because of idols Psalm 106:40. (2) of man: with accusative, of abomination Deuteronomy 7:26 (twice in verse), compare Deuteronomy 23:8 (twice in verse); Job Job 19:19; Job 30:10.

b. ethically: (1) of God; "" שׂנא, with accusative: אישׁ דמים ומרמה Psalm 5:7 ( Amos 6:8 see II. תאב). (2) of man; with accusative מִשְׁמָּט Micah 3:9, דֹּבֵר תָּמִים Amos 5:10 ("" שׂנא), שֶׁקֶר Psalm 119:163 ("" שׂנא).

c. physically: with accusativeכָּלאֹֿכֶל Psalm 107:18.

2 cause to be an abomination: with accusative, ritual sense Ezekiel 16:25; Job , from filthy garments Job 9:31; מְתָעֵב גּוֺי Isaiah 49:7 ("" בְּזִה נֶפֶשׁ) (read probably

Pu`alמְתִעַב, as Oort SS Bu Du).

Hiph`il Perfect 2 feminine singular הִתְעַבְתְּ Ezekiel 16:52; 3 masculine plural הִתְעִיבוּ Psalm 14:1 = Psalm 53:2; Imperfect וַיַּתְעֵב 1 Kings 21:26; — make abominable, do abominably:

1 ritual sense: with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 16:52; לְ with infinitive 1 Kings 21:26.

2 ethically: with accusativeעלילה Psalm 14:1 = Psalm 53:2 (עול).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

תָּעַב not used in Kal (compare תָּאַב No. II).

Piel תִּעֵב

(1) to abhor, to abominate, Deuteronomy 7:26; Job 9:31, 19:19 Psalms 5:7; Isaiah 49:7.

(2) causat. to cause to be abhorred, to occasion horror to any one, Isaiah 49:7, מְתָעֵב גּוֹי “who causeth abhorrence to the people,” who is held in abomination by the people.

(3) to make abominable, Ezekiel 16:25, see Hiphil.

Hiphil, to make abominable, shameful, Psalms 14:1. הִתְעִיבוּ עֲלִילָה “they have basely done their deed,” they acted shamefully; hence without עֲלִילָה id. 1 Kings 21:26; Ezekiel 16:52. Compare הֵרִעַ הִשְׁחִית.

Niphal, pass. to be held in abomination, to be detestable, 1 Chronicles 21:6; Job 15:16.

Derivative, תּוֹעֵבָה.

List of Word Forms
הִֽתְעִ֥יבוּ הִתְעַ֥בְתְּ הַֽמֲתַעֲבִ֣ים המתעבים התעבת התעיבו וְ֝תִֽעֲב֗וּנִי וְהִֽתְעִ֥יבוּ וְתַעֵ֥ב ׀ וַ֝יְתָעֵ֗ב וַאֲתַעֵ֑בָה וַיַּתְעֵ֣ב וַתְּתַֽעֲבִי֙ ואתעבה והתעיבו ויתעב ותעב ותעבוני ותתעבי יְתָ֘עֵ֥ב ׀ יְתָעֵֽבוּ׃ יתעב יתעבו׃ לִמְתָ֤עֵֽב למתעב נִתְעַ֥ב נִתְעָ֔ב נִתְעָ֥ב נתעב תְּֽתַעֲבֶ֖נּוּ תְּתַעֵ֣ב תְתַעֵ֣ב תִּֽ֭עֲבוּנִי תעבוני תתעב תתעבנו ha·mă·ṯa·‘ă·ḇîm hamăṯa‘ăḇîm hamataaVim hiṯ‘aḇt hiṯ‘îḇū hiṯ·‘aḇt hiṯ·‘î·ḇū hitAvt hitIvu lim·ṯā·‘êḇ limṯā‘êḇ limTaev niṯ‘aḇ niṯ‘āḇ niṯ·‘aḇ niṯ·‘āḇ nitAv tə·ṯa·‘ă·ḇen·nū tə·ṯa·‘êḇ ṯə·ṯa·‘êḇ təṯa‘ăḇennū təṯa‘êḇ ṯəṯa‘êḇ tetaaVennu tetaEv ti‘ăḇūnî ti·‘ă·ḇū·nî Tiavuni vaataEvah vaiyatEv vattetaaVi vaytaEv vehitIvu vetaEv vetiaVuni wa’ăṯa‘êḇāh wa·’ă·ṯa·‘ê·ḇāh wat·tə·ṯa·‘ă·ḇî wattəṯa‘ăḇî way·ṯā·‘êḇ way·yaṯ·‘êḇ wayṯā‘êḇ wayyaṯ‘êḇ wə·hiṯ·‘î·ḇū wə·ṯa·‘êḇ wə·ṯi·‘ă·ḇū·nî wəhiṯ‘îḇū wəṯa‘êḇ wəṯi‘ăḇūnî yə·ṯā·‘ê·ḇū yə·ṯā·‘êḇ yəṯā‘êḇ yəṯā‘êḇū yeTaEv yetaEvu

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