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The Amplified Bible
Exodus 3:14

And God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM and WHAT I AM, and I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE; and He said, You shall say this to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you!

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Mackintosh's Notes;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Sermon Bible;   Horae Homileticae;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - God Continued...;   I Am That I Am;   Israel;   Moses;   Prophets;   Religion;   Revelation;   Scofield Reference Index - Deity;   Thompson Chain Reference - I Am;   Names;   Titles and Names;   The Topic Concordance - God;   Name;   Sending and Those Sent;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Titles and Names of Christ;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Angel of the Lord;   God;   Jehovah;   Sinai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Exodus, book of;   God;   Jesus christ;   Moses;   Name;   Priest;   Yahweh;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Covenant;   God;   God, Name of;   God, Names of;   Jeremiah, Theology of;   Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of;   Magic;   Memorial;   Miracle;   Proverbs, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Eternity of God;   Frugality;   God;   Jesus Christ;   Name of God;   CARM Theological Dictionary - God;   Immutability;   Jehovah;   Tetragrammaton (yhwh);   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehovah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Genesis, the Book of;   God;   Jehovah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Call, Calling;   Christ, Christology;   Divine Freedom;   Godhead;   I Am;   Image of God;   Immutability of God;   Incarnation;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Enosh;   Greek Versions of Ot;   Israel;   Prayer;   Sinai;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Alpha and Omega;   Alpha and Omega (2);   First and Last ;   Necessity;   Numbers (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Angels;   God;   1910 New Catholic Dictionary - god, names of;   alpha and omega;   names of god;   omega, alpha and;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   Rod;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehovah;   Names titles and offices of christ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Angels;   God;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Law;   Moses;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Exodus, the;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Faithful;   Genesis;   God;   God, Names of;   Israel, Religion of;   Law in the Old Testament;   Moses;   Name;   Unchangeable;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abba Bar Memel;   Didascalia;   Elohist;   God;   Jabez, Joseph ben ḥ;   Judaism;   Names of God;   Sinai, Mount;   Tetragrammaton;   Yiẓ;  

Devotionals:

- Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for November 3;  

Parallel Translations

American Standard Version
And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

Darby's Translation
And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM. And he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel: I AM hath sent me unto you.

Bible in Basic English
And God said to him, I AM WHAT I AM: and he said, Say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me to you.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And God aunswered Moyses: I am that I am. And he said: This shalt thou say vnto the chyldren of Israel, I am, hath sent me vnto you.

Contemporary English Version
God said to Moses: I am the eternal God. So tell them that the LORD, whose name is "I Am," has sent you. This is my name forever, and it is the name that people must use from now on.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And God answered Moses, I Am That I Am. Also he said, Thus shalt thou say vnto the children of Israel, I Am hath sent me vnto you.

Easy-to-Read Version
Then God said to Moses, "{Tell them,} 'I AM WHO I AM.' When you go to the people of Israel, tell them, 'I AM' sent me to you."

English Standard Version
God said to Moses, "I am who I am." And he said, "Say this to the people of Israel, 'I am has sent me to you.'"

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And God said to Moses, I am AHIAH ASHAR HIGH (that is, THE LIVING GOD); and he said, Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: AHIAH has sent me to you.

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
And God spoke to Moses, saying, I am THE BEING; and he said, Thus shall ye say to the children of Israel, THE BEING has sent me to you.

English Revised Version
And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

The Complete Jewish Bible
God said to Moshe, "Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh [I am/will be what I am/will be]," and added, "Here is what to say to the people of Isra'el: 'Ehyeh [I Am or I Will Be] has sent me to you.'"

Good News Translation
God said, <

Holman Christian Standard
God replied to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you."

Hebrew Names Version
God said to Moshe, "I AM WHO I AM," and he said, "You shall tell the children of Yisra'el this: "I AM has sent me to you."

New American Standard Version
God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM"; and He said, "Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, `I AM has sent me to you.' "

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM; and He said, You shall say this to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
God saide vnto Moses: I wyl be what I wyll be. And he sayde: Thus shalt thou saye vnto ye children of Israel: I wyl he hath sent me vnto you.

New Living Translation
God replied, "I AM THE ONE WHO ALWAYS IS. Just tell them, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"

New Life Version
And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Say to the Israelites, 'I AM has sent me to you.' "

New International Version
God said to Moses, “I am who I am.[c] This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ”

New King James
And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, "I AM has sent me to you."'

JPS Old Testament
And God said unto Moses: 'I AM THAT I AM'; and He said: 'Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel: I AM hath sent me unto you.'

King James Version (1611)
And God saide vnto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: And he said, Thus shalt thou say vnto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me vnto you.

New Century Version
Then God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. When you go to the people of Israel, tell them, 'I AM sent me to you.' "

New Revised Standard
God said to Moses, "I am who I am." He said further, "Thus you shall say to the Israelites, "I am has sent me to you.' "

King James Version
And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

The Emphasised Bible
And God said unto Moses, I Will Become whatsoever I please, And he said - Thus, shalt thou say to the sons of Israel, I Will Become hath sent me unto you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.

Revised Standard Version
God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And he said, "Say this to the people of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"

Updated Bible Version 1.9
And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you.

The Webster Bible
And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM: And he said, Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me to you.

World English Bible
God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM," and he said, "You shall tell the children of Israel this: "I AM has sent me to you."

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
The Lord seide to Moises, Y am that am. The Lord seide, Thus thou schalt seie to the sones of Israel, He that is sente me to you.

Young's Literal Translation
And God saith unto Moses, `I AM THAT WHICH I AM;' He saith also, `Thus dost thou say to the sons of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.'

The Message
God said to Moses, "I-AM-WHO-I-AM. Tell the People of Israel, "I-AM sent me to you.'"

Lexham English Bible
And God said to Moses, "I am that I am." And he said, "So you must say to the Israelites, ‘I am sent me to you.' "

Contextual Overview

11And Moses said to God, Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt? 12God said, I will surely be with you; and this shall be the sign to you that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain [Horeb, or Sinai]. 13And Moses said to God, Behold, when I come to the Israelites and say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you, and they say to me, What is His name? What shall I say to them? 14And God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM and WHAT I AM, and I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE; and He said, You shall say this to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you! 15God said also to Moses, This shall you say to the Israelites: The Lord, the God of your fathers, of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has sent me to you! This is My name forever, and by this name I am to be remembered to all generations.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
I AM hath
6:3; Job 11:7; Psalms 68:4; 90:2; Isaiah 44:6; Matthew 18:20; 28:20; John 8:58; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:4,8,17; 4:8

Cross-References

Genesis 3:1
NOW THE serpent was more subtle and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he [Satan] said to the woman, Can it really be that God has said, You shall not eat from every tree of the garden?

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her Offspring; He will bruise and tread your head underfoot, and you will lie in wait and bruise His heel.

Genesis 3:20
The man called his wife's name Eve [life spring], because she was the mother of all the living.

Genesis 9:6
Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God He made man.

Leviticus 20:25
You shall therefore make a distinction between the clean beast and the unclean, and between the unclean fowl and the clean; and you shall not make yourselves detestable with beast or with bird or with anything with which the ground teems or that creeps, which I have set apart from you as unclean.

Psalms 72:9
Those who dwell in the wilderness shall bow before Him and His enemies shall lick the dust.

Isaiah 29:4
And you shall be laid low [Jerusalem], speaking from beneath the ground, and your speech shall come humbly from the dust. And your voice shall be like that of a ghost [produced by a medium] coming from the earth, and your speech shall whisper and squeak as it chatters from the dust.

Isaiah 65:25
The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent's food. They shall not hurt or destroy in all My holy Mount [Zion], says the Lord.

Micah 7:17
They shall lick the dust like a serpent; like crawling things of the earth they shall come trembling out of their strongholds and close places. They shall turn and come with fear and dread to the Lord our God and shall be afraid and stand in awe because of You [O Lord].

Gill's Notes on the Bible

And God said unto Moses, I am that I am,.... This signifies the real being of God, his self-existence, and that he is the Being of beings; as also it denotes his eternity and immutability, and his constancy and faithfulness in fulfilling his promises, for it includes all time, past, present, and to come; and the sense is, not only I am what I am at present, but I am what I have been, and I am what I shall be, and shall be what I am. The Platonists and Pythagoreans seem to have borrowed their το ον from hence, which expresses with them the eternal and invariable Being; and so the Septuagint version here is ο ων: it is said, that the temple of Minerva at Sais, a city of Egypt, had this inscription on it,"I am all that exists, is, and shall be.'And on the temple of Apollo at Delphos was written ει, the contraction of ειμι, "I am". Our Lord seems to refer to this name, John 8:58, and indeed is the person that now appeared; and the words may be rendered, "I shall be what I shall be" the incarnate God, God manifest in the flesh:

thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you; or as the Targum of Jonathan has it,"I am he that is, and that shall be.'This is the name Ehjeh, or Jehovah, Moses is empowered to make use of, and to declare, as the name of the Great God by whom he was sent; and which might serve both to encourage him, and strengthen the faith of the Israelites, that they should be delivered by him.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

I am that I am - That is, “I am what I am.” The words express absolute, and therefore unchanging and eternal Being. The name, which Moses was thus commissioned to use, was at once new and old; old in its connection with previous revelations; new in its full interpretation, and in its bearing upon the covenant of which Moses was the destined mediator.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

I am that I am - אהיה אשר אהיה Eheyeh asher Eheyeh . These words have been variously understood. The Vulgate translates Ego Sum Qui Sum, I am who am. The Septuagint, Εγω ειμι ὁ Ων, I am he who exists. The Syriac, the Persic, and the Chaldee preserve the original words without any gloss. The Arabic paraphrases them, The Eternal, who passes not away; which is the same interpretation given by Abul Farajius, who also preserves the original words, and gives the above as their interpretation. The Targum of Jonathan, and the Jerusalem Targum paraphrase the words thus: "He who spake, and the world was; who spake, and all things existed." As the original words literally signify, I will be what I will be, some have supposed that God simply designed to inform Moses, that what he had been to his fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, he would be to him and the Israelites; and that he would perform the promises he had made to his fathers, by giving their descendants the promised land. It is difficult to put a meaning on the words; they seem intended to point out the eternity and self-existence of God. Plato, in his Parmenides, where he treats sublimely of the nature of God, says, Ουδ ' αρα ονομα εστιν αυτῳ, nothing can express his nature; therefore no name can be attributed to him. See the conclusion of this chapter, Exodus 3:22; (note) and on the word Jehovah, Exodus 34:6; (note), Exodus 34:7; (note).


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