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Contemporary English Version
Mark 2:28

So the Son of Man is Lord over the Sabbath."

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- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Church Pulpit Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   Jones on Mark;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Sermon Bible;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   The Gospels Compared;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  


- Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Sabbath;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   Sabbath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Sabbath, the;  


- Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Daniel;   Jesus christ;   Son of man;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Sabbath;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Sabbath;   Son of Man;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Clean, Cleanness;   Sabbath;   Shewbread;   Son of Man;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gospels;   Law;   Lord's Day;   Mark, Gospel According to;   Person of Christ;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Caesarea Philippi;   Common Life;   Consciousness;   Creator (Christ as);   Discourse;   Dominion (2);   Endurance;   Incarnation (2);   Law of God;   Man (2);   Mark, Gospel According to;   Miracles (2);   Names and Titles of Christ;   Obedience (2);   Originality;   Paradox;   Reality;   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sabbath ;   Son of Man;   Trinity (2);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Son of man;  


- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Sabbath;   Son of Man, the;   Ten Commandments, the;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Christianity in Its Relation to Judaism;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.

The Complete Jewish Bible
So the Son of Man is Lord even of Shabbat."

American Standard Version
so that the Son of man is lord even of the sabbath.

Bible in Basic English
So that the Son of man is lord even of the Sabbath.

English Revised Version
so that the Son of man is lord even of the sabbath.

English Standard Version
So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath."

Easy-to-Read Version
So the Son of Man is Lord (master) of every day, even the Sabbath."

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Wherefore the Sonne of man is Lorde, euen of the Sabbath.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
The Son of man therefore is the Lord also of the sabbath.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Therfore is the sonne of man, Lorde also of the Sabboth.

Darby's Translation
so that the Son of man is lord of the sabbath also.

King James Version (1611)
Therefore the Sonne of man is Lord also of the Sabbath.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Therfore is the sonne of man LORDE euen ouer the Sabbath.

New Revised Standard
so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath."

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
Therefore also the Son of man is lord of the sabbath.

Weymouth New Testament
so that the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."

Good News Translation
So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.>>

Holman Christian Standard
Therefore the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."

Mace New Testament (1729)
therefore the son of man has a power of dispensing with the law of the sabbath.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
So then the Son of Man is Lord of the sabbath also.

New King James
Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."

New Living Translation
And I, the Son of Man, am master even of the Sabbath!"

New International Version
So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

King James Version
Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

New Century Version
So then, the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath day."

New Life Version
The Son of Man is Lord of the Day of Rest also."

Hebrew Names Version
Therefore the Son of Man is lord even of the Shabbat."

International Standard Version
Therefore, the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
The Son of man, therefore, is the Lord also of the shabath.

New American Standard Version
"So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."

The Emphasised Bible
So that the Son of Man is, Lord, even of the Sabbath.

Revised Standard Version
so the Son of man is lord even of the sabbath."

Tyndale Bible
Wherfore the sonne of man is Lorde eve of the Saboth daye.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
so that the Son of man is lord even of the Sabbath.

The Webster Bible
Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

World English Bible
Therefore the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath."

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Moreover the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
and so mannus sone is lord also of the sabat.

Young's Literal Translation
so that the son of man is lord also of the sabbath.'

The Message
The Son of Man is no lackey to the Sabbath. He's in charge!"

Lexham English Bible
So then, the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath."

Contextual Overview

18The followers of John the Baptist and the Pharisees often went without eating. Some people came and asked Jesus, "Why do the followers of John and those of the Pharisees often go without eating, while your disciples never do?" 19Jesus answered: The friends of a bridegroom don't go without eating while he is still with them. 20But the time will come when he will be taken from them. Then they will go without eating. 21No one patches old clothes by sewing on a piece of new cloth. The new piece would shrink and tear a bigger hole. 22No one pours new wine into old wineskins. The wine would swell and burst the old skins. Then the wine would be lost, and the skins would be ruined. New wine must be put into new wineskins. 23One Sabbath Jesus and his disciples were walking through some wheat fields. His disciples were picking grains of wheat as they went along. 24Some Pharisees asked Jesus, "Why are your disciples picking grain on the Sabbath? They are not supposed to do that!" 25Jesus answered, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his followers were hungry and in need? 26It was during the time of Abiathar the high priest. David went into the house of God and ate the sacred loaves of bread that only priests are allowed to eat. He also gave some to his followers." 27Jesus finished by saying, "People were not made for the good of the Sabbath. The Sabbath was made for the good of people.

Verse Review

Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
3:4; Matthew 12:8; Luke 6:5; 13:15,16; John 5:9-11,17; 9:5-11,14,16; Ephesians 1:22; Revelation 1:10

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Therefore the son of man is Lord also of the sabbath. Meaning himself, who had a power not only to dispense with it, but to abrogate it as he did, with the rest of the rituals of the ceremonial law; See Gill on Matthew 12:8. So that it did not become them to find fault with what his disciples did, with his leave and approbation.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

See Matthew 12:1-8.

The cornfields - The fields sown with wheat or barley. The word “corn,” in the Bible, refers only to grain of that kind, and never to “maize” or “Indian corn.”

To pluck the ears of corn - They were hungry, Matthew 12:1. They therefore gathered the wheat or barley as they walked and rubbed it in their hands to shell it, and thus to satisfy their appetite. Though our Lord was with them, and though he had all things at his control, yet he suffered them to resort to this method of supplying their wants. When Jesus, thus “with” his disciples, suffered them to be “poor,” we may learn that poverty is not disgraceful; that God often suffers it for the good of his people; and that he will take care, in some way, that their wants shall be supplied. It was “lawful” for them thus to supply their needs. Though the property belonged to another, yet the law of Moses allowed the poor to satisfy their desires when hungry. See Deuteronomy 23:25.

Mark 2:24

That which is not lawful - That is, that which they esteemed to be unlawful on the “Sabbath day.” It was made lawful by Moses, without any distinction of days, but “they” had denied its lawfulness on the Sabbath. Christ shows them from their own law that it was “not” unlawful.

Mark 2:25

Have ye never read … - See the notes at Matthew 12:3.

Mark 2:26

Abiathar the priest - From 1 Samuel 21:1, it appears that Ahimelech was high priest at the time here referred to. And from 1 Samuel 23:6, it appears that “Abiathar” was the son of “Ahimelech.” Some difficulty has been felt in reconciling these accounts. The probable reason as to why Mark says it was in the days of “Abiathar” is that Abiathar was better known than Ahimelech. The son of the high priest was regarded as his successor, and was often associated with him in the duties of his office. It was not improper, therefore, to designate him as high priest even during the life of his father, especially as that was the name by which he was afterward known. “Abiathar,” moreover, in the calamitous times when David came to the throne, left the interest of Saul and fled to David, bringing with him the ephod, one of the special garments of the high priest. For a long time, during David‘s reign, he was high priest, and it became natural, therefore, to associate “his” name with that of David; to speak of David as king, and Abiathar the high priest of his time. This will account for the fact that he was spoken of rather than his father. At the same time this was strictly true, that this was done in the days of “Abiathar,” who was afterward high priest, and was familiarly spoken of as such; as we say that “General” Washington was present at the defeat of Braddock and saved his army, though the title of “General” did not belong to him until many years afterward. Compare the notes at Luke 2:2.

showbread - See the notes at Matthew 12:4.

Mark 2:27

The sabbath was made for man - For his rest from toil, his rest from the cares and anxieties of the world, to give him an opportunity to call off his attention from earthly concerns and to direct it to the affairs of eternity. It was a kind provision for man that he might refresh his body by relaxing his labors; that he might have undisturbed time to seek the consolations of religion to cheer him in the anxieties and sorrows of a troubled world; and that he might render to God that homage which is most justly due to him as the Creator, Preserver, Benefactor, and Redeemer of the world. And it is easily capable of proof that no institution has been more signally blessed to man‘s welfare than the Sabbath. To that we owe, more than to anything else, the peace and order of a civilized community. Where there is no Sabbath there is ignorance, vice, disorder, and crime. On that holy day the poor and the ignorant, as well as the learned, have undisturbed time to learn the requirements of religion, the nature of morals, the law of God, and the way of salvation. On that day man may offer his praises to the Great Giver of all good, and in the sanctuary seek the blessing of him whose favor is life. Where that day is observed in any manner as it should be, order prevails, morals are promoted, the poor are elevated in their condition, vice flies away, and the community puts on the appearance of neatness, industry, morality, and religion. The Sabbath was therefore pre-eminently intended for man‘s welfare, and the best interests of mankind demand that it should be sacredly regarded as an appointment of merciful heaven intended for our best good, and, where improved aright, infallibly resulting in our temporal and eternal peace.

Not man for the sabbath - Man was made “first,” and then the Sabbath was appointed for his welfare, Genesis 2:1-3. The Sabbath was not “first” made or contemplated, and then the man made with reference to that. Since, therefore, the Sabbath was intended for man‘s “good,” the law respecting it must not be interpreted so as to oppose his real welfare. It must be explained in consistency with a proper attention to the duties of mercy to the poor and the sick, and to those in peril. It must be, however, in accordance with man‘s “real good on the whole,” and with the law of God. The law of God contemplates man‘s “real good on the whole;” and we have no right, under the plea that the Sabbath was made for man, to do anything contrary to what the law of God admits. It would not be for our “real good,” but for our real and eternal injury, to devote the Sabbath to vice, to labor, or to amusement.

Mark 2:28

Therefore the Son of man … - See the notes at Matthew 12:8.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

The Son of man is Lord - See on Matthew 12:7, Matthew 12:8; (note). Some have understood this as applying to men in general, and not to Christ. The Son of man, any man is Lord of the Sabbath; i.e. it was made for him, for his ease, comfort, and use, and to these purposes he is to apply it. But this is a very harsh, and at the same time a very lax, mode of interpretation; for it seems to say that a man may make what use he pleases of the Sabbath; and, were this true, the moral obligation of the Sabbath would soon be annihilated.

God ordained the Sabbath not only to be a type of that rest which remains for the people of God, but to be also a mean of promoting the welfare of men in general.

The ordinances of religion should be regulated according to their end, which is the honor of God, and the salvation of men. It is the property of the true religion to contain nothing in it but what is beneficial to man. Hereby God plainly shows that it is neither out of indigence or interest that he requires men to worship and obey him; but only out of goodness, and to make them happy. God prohibited work on the Sabbath day, lest servants should be oppressed by their masters, that the laboring beasts might have necessary rest, and that men might have a proper opportunity to attend upon his ordinances, and get their souls saved. To the Sabbath, under God, we owe much of what is requisite and necessary as well for the body as the soul.

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Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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