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ver. 2.0.19.11.16
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George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
John 1:13

Those who are not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but born of God.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Abbott's New Testament;   A.W. Pinks's Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Lapide's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Golden Chain Commentary;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Mahan's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Lightfoot's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Ryle's Exposiory Thougths;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Horae Homileticae;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Fourfold Gospel;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Burkitt's Notes;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Adoption;   Jesus, the Christ;   Regeneration;   Scofield Reference Index - Faith;   Flesh;   Thompson Chain Reference - Holy Spirit;   Life-Death;   New;   Regeneration;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   John the Baptist;   Power;   Rebirth/being Born Again;   Receiving;   Witness;   Word of God;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Adoption;   New Birth, the;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Word;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Assurance;   Baptism;   Child;   Father;   Life;   Regeneration;   Sin;   Son of god;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Anthropomorphism;   Denial;   Hospitality;   Life;   Light;   Miracle;   New Birth;   Old Testament in the New Testament, the;   Virgin Birth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Regeneration;   Universalists;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Hypostatic union;   Predestine, predestination;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Adoption;   Regeneration;   Son of God;   Word, the;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Adoption;   Birth;   Birthright;   Jesus Christ;   Peter;   Son of God;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Christ, Christology;   John, the Gospel of;   John, the Letters of;   New Birth;   Regeneration;   Truth;   Word;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Atonement;   Children (Sons) of God;   Flesh;   John, Gospel of;   Logos;   Regeneration;   Trinity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Above and below;   Atonement (2);   Begetting;   Blood ;   Children of God;   Dependence;   Fall (2);   Flesh (2);   Gospel (2);   Grace;   Immanence ;   James Epistle of;   John, Gospel of (Ii. Contents);   Light;   Man;   Manuscripts;   Mission;   Personality;   Philo;   Power;   Pre-Existence;   Providence;   Regeneration;   Virgin Birth;   Will;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Begotten;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Genealogy;   Jesus christ;   Scripture;   Word;   Smith Bible Dictionary - John, Gospel of;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Blood;   Flesh;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Regeneration;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Law of Moses, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Baptism (Non-Immersionist View);   Baptismal Regeneration;   Bear;   Begotten;   Between the Testaments;   Comparative, Religion;   Father, God the;   Flesh;   Johannine Theology, the;   John, Gospel of;   Justification;   Prologue;   Will;  

Devotionals:

- Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for October 31;   Every Day Light - Devotion for November 30;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
Who owe their birth neither to bloods nor to the will of the flesh [that of physical impulse] nor to the will of man [that of a natural father], but to God. [They are born of God!]

The Complete Jewish Bible
not because of bloodline, physical impulse or human intention, but because of God.

American Standard Version
who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Bible in Basic English
Whose birth was from God and not from blood, or from an impulse of the flesh and man's desire.

English Revised Version
which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Contemporary English Version
They were not God's children by nature or because of any human desires. God himself was the one who made them his children.

English Standard Version
who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

Easy-to-Read Version
These children were not born like little babies are born. They were not born from the wish or plan of a {mother and} father. These children were born from God.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Which are borne not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of ye wil of man, but of God.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Which were borne, not of blood, nor of the wyll of the fleshe, nor yet of the wyll of man, but of God.

Darby's Translation
who have been born, not of blood, nor of flesh's will, nor of man's will, but of God.

King James Version (1611)
Which were borne, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

New Revised Standard
who were born, not of blood or of the will of the flesh or of the will of man, but of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

New Century Version
They did not become his children in any human way - by any human parents or human desire. They were born of God.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
who are born, not of blood, nor of the pleasure of the flesh, nor of the pleasure of man, but of God.

Good News Translation
They did not become God's children by natural means, that is, by being born as the children of a human father; God himself was their Father.

Holman Christian Standard
who were born, not of blood, or of the will of the flesh, or of the will of man, but of God.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Which are not borne of bloude, ner of the wyl of the flesh, ner of the wyl of man, but of God.

Mace New Testament (1729)
a birth which they had not from circumcision, nor from the constitution of the body, nor the institution of man, but from God.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but were born of God.

New King James
who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

New Living Translation
They are reborn! This is not a physical birth resulting from human passion or plan – this rebirth comes from God.

New International Version
children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.

King James Version
Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

New Life Version
These children of God were not born of blood and of flesh and of man's desires, but they were born of God.

Hebrew Names Version
who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

International Standard Version
who were born, not merely in a physical sense, or from a fleshly impulse, or from man's desire, but of God.

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
These, not from blood, nor from the will of the flesh, nor from the will of man, but from Aloha, are born.

New American Standard Version
who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

The Emphasised Bible
Who - not of bloods, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but - of God, were born.

Revised Standard Version
who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

Tyndale Bible
which were borne not of bloude nor of the will of the flesshe nor yet of the will of man: but of God.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

The Webster Bible
Who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

World English Bible
who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Who were born, not of blood, nor by the will of the flesh, nor by the will of man, but of God.

Weymouth New Testament
who were begotten as such not by human descent, nor through an impulse of their own nature, nor through the will of a human father, but from God.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
nether of the wille of fleische, nether of the wille of man, but ben borun of God.

Young's Literal Translation
who -- not of blood nor of a will of flesh, nor of a will of man but -- of God were begotten.

The Message
These are the God-begotten, not blood-begotten, not flesh-begotten, not sex-begotten.

Lexham English Bible
who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a husband, but of God.

Contextual Overview

5And the same light shines in the darkness, and the darkness does not overcome it. 6¶There was a man, sent from God, whose name was John. 7He came as a witness to testify concerning the light, so that every man might believe by means of him. 8He was not the light, but to testify concerning the light. 9He was the true light, which lighteth every man who came into the world. 10He was in the world, and the world was under his hand, and yet the world knew him not. 11He came to his own, and his own did not receive him. 12But those who received him, to them he gave power to become sons of God, especially to those who believed in his name; 13Those who are not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but born of God. 14And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw his glory, a glory like that of the firstborn of the Father, full of grace and truth.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
were
3:3,5; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:3,23; 2:2; 1 John 3:9; 4:7; 5:1,4,18
not
8:33-41; Matthew 3:9; Romans 9:7-9
nor of the will of the
Genesis 25:22,28; 27:4,33; Romans 9:10-16
nor of the will of man
Psalms 110:3; Romans 9:1-5; 10:1-3; 1 Corinthians 3:6; Philippians 2:13; James 1:18
of God
3:6-8; Titus 3:5; 1 John 2:28,29

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Which were born not of blood,.... Or bloods, in the plural number. The birth, here spoken of, is regeneration, expressed by a being born again, or from above; by a being quickened by the Spirit and grace of God; by Christ being formed in men; and by a partaking of the divine nature; and by being made new creatures, as all that believe in the name of Christ are; and which is the evidence of their being the sons of God: and now this is owing not to blood, or bloods; not to the blood of circumcision; or of the passover, which the Jews had an high opinion of, and ascribe life and salvation to, and to which notion this may be opposed: so their commentators on Ezekiel 16:6 where the word "live" is twice used, observe on the first "live", by the blood of the passover, on the second "live", by the blood of circumcision; but, alas! these contribute nothing to the life of the new creature: nor is regeneration owing to the blood of ancestors, to natural descent, as from Abraham, which the Jews valued themselves upon; for sin, and not grace, is conveyed by natural generation: all men are of one blood, and that is tainted with sin, and therefore can never have any influence on regeneration; no blood is to be valued, or any one upon it, but the blood of Christ, which cleanses from all sin,

Nor of the will of the flesh; man's free will, which is carnal and corrupt, is enmity to God, and impotent to every thing that is spiritually good: regeneration is ascribed to another will and power, even to the will and power of God, and denied of this:

nor of the will of man: of the best of men, as Abraham, David, and others; who, though ever so willing and desirous, that their children, relations, friends, and servants, should be born again, be partakers of the grace of God, and live in his sight, yet cannot effect any thing of this kind: all that they can do is to pray for them, give advice, and bring them under the means of grace; but all is ineffectual without a divine energy. So with the Jews, איש, "a man", signifies a great man, in opposition to "Adam", or "Enosh", which signify a mean, weak, frail man; and our translators have observed this distinction, in Isaiah 2:9 and the mean man (Adam) boweth down, and the great man (Ish) "humbleth himself": on which Jarchi has this note, "Adam boweth down", i.e. little men; "and a man humbleth himself", i.e. princes, and mighty men, men of power: and so Kimchi on Psalm 4:2. "O ye sons of men", observes, that the Psalmist calls them the sons of men, with respect to the great men of Israel; for there were with Absalom the sons of great men. Though sometimes the Jews say, Adam is greater than any of the names of men, as Geber, Enosh, Ish. But now our evangelist observes, let a man be ever so great, or good, or eminent, for gifts and grace, he cannot communicate grace to another, or to whom he will; none are born again of any such will:

but of God; of God, the Father of Christ, who begets to a lively hope; and of the Son, who quickens whom he will; and of the grace of the Spirit, to whom regeneration is generally ascribed,

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Which were born - This doubtless refers to the “new birth,” or to the great change in the sinner‘s mind called regeneration or conversion. It means that they did not become the children of God in virtue of their natural birth, or because they were the children of “Jews,” or because they were descended from pious parents. The term “to be born” is often used to denote this change. Compare John 3:3-8; 1 John 2:29. It illustrates clearly and beautifully this great change. The natural birth introduces us to life. The new birth is the beginning of spiritual life. Before, the sinner is “dead” in sins Ephesians 2:1; now he begins truly to live. And as the natural birth is the beginning of life, so to be born of God is to be introduced to real life, to light, to happiness, and to the favor of God. The term expresses at once the “greatness” and the “nature” of the change.

Not of blood - The Greek word is plural; not of “bloods” - that is, not of “man.” Compare Matthew 27:4. The Jews prided themselves on being the descendants of Abraham, Matthew 3:9. They supposed that it was proof of the favor of God to be descended from such an illustrious ancestry. In this passage this notion is corrected. It is not because men are descended from an illustrious or pious parentage that they are entitled to the favor of God; or perhaps the meaning may be, not because there is a union of illustrious lines of ancestry or “bloods” in them. The law of Christ‘s kingdom is different from what the Jews supposed. Compare 1 Peter 1:23. It was necessary to be “born of God” by regeneration. Possibly, however, it may mean that they did not become children of God by the bloody rite of “circumcision,” as many of the Jews supposed they did. This is agreeable to the declaration of Paul in Romans 2:28-29.

d Nor of the will of the flesh - Not by natural generation.

Nor of the will of man - This may refer, perhaps, to the will of man in adopting a child, as the former phrases do to the natural birth; and the design of using these three phrases may have been to say that they became the children of God neither in virtue of their descent from illustrious parents like Abraham, nor by their natural birth, nor by being “adopted” by a pious man. None of the ways by which we become entitled to the privileges of “children” among people can give us a title to be called the sons of God. It is not by human power or agency that men become children of the Most High.

But of God - That is, God produces the change, and confers the privilege of being cawed his children. The heart is changed by his power. No unaided effort of man, no works of ours, can produce this change. At the same time, it is true that no man is renewed who does not himself “desire” and “will” to be a believer; for the effect of the change is on his “will” Psalm 110:3, and no one is changed who does not strive to enter in at the strait gate, Philemon 2:12. This important verse, therefore, teaches us:

1.that if men are saved they must be born again.

2.that their salvation is not the result of their birth, or of any honorable or pious parentage.

3.that the children of the rich and the noble, as well as of the poor, must be born of God if they will be saved.

4.that the children of pious parents must be born again; or they cannot be saved. None will go to heaven simply because their “parents” are Christians.

5.that this work is the work of God, and “no man” can do it for us.

6.that we should forsake all human dependence, east off all confidence in the flesh, and go at once to the throne of grace, and beseech of God to adopt us into his family and save our souls from death.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Which were born, not of blood - Who were regenerated, ουκ εξ αἱματων, not of bloods - the union of father and mother, or of a distinguished or illustrious ancestry; for the Hebrew language makes use of the plural to point out the dignity or excellence of a thing: and probably by this the evangelist intended to show his countrymen, that having Abraham and Sarah for their parents would not entitle them to the blessings of the new covenant; as no man could lay claim to them, but in consequence of being born of God; therefore, neither the will of the flesh - any thing that the corrupt heart of man could purpose or determine in its own behalf; nor the will of man - any thing that another may be disposed to do in our behalf, can avail here; this new birth must come through the will of God - through; his own unlimited power and boundless mercy, prescribing salvation by Christ Jesus alone. It has been already observed that the Jews required circumcision, baptism, and sacrifice, in order to make a proselyte. They allow that the Israelites had in Egypt cast off circumcision, and were consequently out of the covenant; but at length they were circumcised, and they mingled the blood of circumcision with the blood of the paschal lamb, and from this union of bloods they were again made the children of God. See Lightfoot. This was the only way by which the Jews could be made the sons of God; but the evangelist shows them that, under the Gospel dispensation, no person could become a child of God, but by being spiritually regenerated.


Copyright Statement:
George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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