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ver. 2.0.17.09.24
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JPS Old Testament
2 Kings 25:18

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door;

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Ironside's Notes;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Doorkeepers;   Nebuzaradan (Nebuzar-Adan);   Priest;   Prophecy;   Seraiah;   Zephaniah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Door-Keepers;   Zephaniah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Babylon;   High Priest, the;   Jerusalem;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Jeremiah, the Book of;   Seraiah;   Zedekiah;   Zephaniah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Egypt;   Exile;   Gedaliah;   Jeremiah;   Lamentations;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Worship;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bramble;   Ezra;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Nebuzaradan;   Seraiah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Azariah;   Captain;   High Priest;   Jehoiada;   Jehozadak;   Kings, the Books of;   Nebuzaradan;   Seraiah;   Zadok;   Zechariah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Babylon, History and Religion of;   Exile;   Guard;   High Priest;   People of the Land;   Seraiah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Lamentations, Book of;   Nebuzaradan;   Seraiah;   Zephaniah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon ;   Nebuzaradan ;   Seraiah ;   Zephaniah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho-I'ada;   Jehoz'adak;   Nebuzar-A'dan;   Sera'iah;   Zephani'ah;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Thistle;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Doorkeeper;   Ezekiel;   Ezra;   Joshua (3);   Order;   Priest, High;   Priests and Levites;   Seraiah;   Zephaniah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ezra the Scribe;   High Priest;   Sanhedrin;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold.

American Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

Holman Christian Standard
The commander of the guards also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers.

Hebrew Names Version
The captain of the guard took Serayah the chief Kohen, and Tzefanyah the second Kohen, and the three keepers of the threshold:

Easy-to-Read Version
{From the temple,} Nebuzaradan took Seraiah the high priest, Zephaniah the second priest, the three men who guarded the entrance.

English Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest and the three keepers of the threshold,

Darby's Translation
And the captain of the body-guard took Seraiah the high priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
And the chiefe steward tooke Seraiah the chiefe Priest, and Zephaniah the second Priest, and the three keepers of the doore.

Contemporary English Version
Next, Nebuzaradan arrested Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah his assistant, and three temple officials.

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
And the captain of the guard took Saraias the high-priest, and Sophonias the second in order, and the three doorkeepers.

English Revised Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Bible in Basic English
And the captain of the armed men took Seraiah, the chief priest, and Zephaniah, the second priest, and the three door-keepers;

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
And the chiefe captayne of the men of warre toke Saraia the chiefe priest, and Zephoniah the highest priest saue one, and the three kepers of the holy things:

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
And the commander of the guard took Sheriah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest and the three keepers of the door;

Good News Translation
In addition, Nebuzaradan, the commanding officer, took away as prisoners Seraiah the High Priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank, and the three other important Temple officials.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
And the chief of the executioners took Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the gate;

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
And the chefe captayne toke Seraia the prest of the first course, & Sophony the prest of the seconde course, and thre dorekepers,

New American Standard Version
Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.

New Century Version
The commander of the guards took some prisoners - Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank, and the three doorkeepers.

The Complete Jewish Bible
The commander of the guard took [prisoner] S'rayah the chief cohen, Z'kharyah the second-ranking cohen and three doorkeepers.

New King James
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.

New Living Translation
The captain of the guard took with him as prisoners Seraiah the chief priest, his assistant Zephaniah, and the three chief gatekeepers.

New Life Version
Then the captain of the soldiers took Seraiah the head religious leader, and Zephaniah the religious leader next in power. And he took the three men who were keepers of the door.

King James Version (1611)
And the captaine of the guard, tooke Seraiah the chiefe Priest, and Zephaniah the second Priest, and the three keepers of the doore.

New Revised Standard
The captain of the guard took the chief priest Seraiah, the second priest Zephaniah, and the three guardians of the threshold;

New International Version
The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.

King James Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

The Emphasised Bible
And the chief of the royal executioners took Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, - and the three keepers of the entrance hall;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the general of the army took Seraias, the chief priest, and Sophonias, the second priest, and three doorkeepers:

Revised Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Serai'ah the chief priest, and Zephani'ah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold;

Updated Bible Version 1.9
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

The Webster Bible
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

World English Bible
The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
Also the prince of the chyualrie took Saraie, the firste preest, and Sophony, the secunde prest,

Young's Literal Translation
And the chief of the executioners taketh Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold,

The Message
The king's deputy took a number of special prisoners: Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the associate priest, three wardens,

Contextual Overview

8Now in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem. 9And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every great man's house, burnt he with fire. 10And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, broke down the walls of Jerusalem round about. 11And the residue of the people that were left in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the residue of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away captive. 12But the captain of the guard left of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen. 13And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases and the brazen sea that were in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldeans break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon. 14And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the pans, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. 15And the fire-pans, and the basins, that which was of gold, in gold, and that which was of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away. 16The two pillars, the one sea, and the bases, which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight. 17The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and a capital of brass was upon it; and the height of the capital was three cubits; with network and pomegranates upon the capital round about, all of brass; and like unto these had the second pillar with network.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
captain
24,25,26
Seraiah
1 Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1; Jeremiah 52:24
Zephaniah
Jeremiah 21:1; 29:25,29
the second priest
Called by the Jews, sagan, who officiated for the high priest in case of any temporary incapacity.
door
Heb. threshold.

Cross-References

Genesis 2:11
The name of the first is Pishon; that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;

Genesis 10:7
And the sons of Cush: Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah: Sheba, and Dedan.

Genesis 10:29
and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.

Genesis 13:10
And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of the Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou goest unto Zoar.

Genesis 14:10
Now the vale of Siddim was full of slime pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell there, and they that remained fled to the mountain.

Genesis 16:12
And he shall be a wild ass of a man: his hand shall be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the face of all his brethren.'

Genesis 20:1
And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the land of the South, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar.

Genesis 21:14
And Abraham arose up early in the morning, and took bread and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away; and she departed, and strayed in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.

Genesis 21:21
And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran; and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

Genesis 25:23
And the LORD said unto her: Two nations are in thy womb, and two peoples shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest,.... The sagan, or deputy priest, who officiated for the high priest, when by any means he was rendered unfit and incapable; so Joseph, the son of Ellem, as Josephus relates, officiated for Matthias, when defiled with a nocturnal pollution; and seven days before the day of atonement they always substituted one under the high priest, lest anything of this kind should happen to him. From hence, to the end of 2 Kings 25:21 the account is the same as in Jeremiah 52:25, only here in 2 Kings 25:19 it is said, that five men that were in the king's presence were taken, there seven men; to account for which; see Gill on Jeremiah 52:25.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

It devolved on Nebuzaradan to select for exemplary punishment the persons whom he regarded as most guilty, either in respect of the original rebellion or of the protracted resistance. Instead of taking indiscriminately the first comers, he first selected those who by their offices would be likely to have had most authority - the high priest; the second priest (2 Kings 23:4 note); three of the temple Levites; the commandant of the city; five members of the king‘s Privy Council (or seven, see 2 Kings 25:19 note); and the secretary (or adjutant) of the captain of the host. To these he added sixty others, who were accounted “princes.” Compared with the many occasions on which Assyrian and Persian conquerers put to death hundreds or thousands after taking a revolted town, Nebuzaradan (and Nebuchadnezzar) must be regarded as moderate, or even merciful, in their vengeance. Compare Jeremiah 40:2-5.

The three keepers of the door - Rather, “three keepers.” The Hebrew has no article. The temple “door-keepers” in the time of Solomon numbered twenty-four 1 Chronicles 26:17-18, who were probably under six chiefs. After the captivity the chiefs are either six Ezra 2:42; Nehemiah 7:45 or four 1 Chronicles 9:17.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Seraiah the chief priest - Zephaniah - The person who is here called the second priest was what the Jews call sagan, a sort of deputy, who performed the functions of the high priest when he was prevented by any infirmity from attending the temple service. See on 2 Kings 23:4; (note).


Copyright Statement:
JPS Old Testament
The Bible text designated "JPS Old Testament (1917)" is from the Jewish Publication Society"s English transation of the Hebrew Old Testament published in 1917. The electronic text is copyright 2000 by Larry Nelson, Box 2083, Rialto, CA 92376. All rights reserved. Used by permission.


Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 24th, 2017
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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