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Study the Bible

The Message
Proverbs 27:17

You use steel to sharpen steel, and one friend sharpens another.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Church Pulpit Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Ironside's Notes;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Sermon Bible;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Countenance;   Friendship;   Iron;   Thompson Chain Reference - Friendship;   Friendship-Friendlessness;   The Topic Concordance - Countenance;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Iron;   Metals;  

Dictionaries:

- Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Church;   Pardon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Greek Versions of Ot;   Proverbs, Book of;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Countenance;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Countenance;   Friend;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Metals;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens the countenance of his friend [to show rage or worthy purpose].

The Complete Jewish Bible
Just as iron sharpens iron, a person sharpens the character of his friend.

Darby's Translation
Iron is sharpened by iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Bible in Basic English
Iron makes iron sharp; so a man makes sharp his friend.

English Revised Version
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Contemporary English Version
Just as iron sharpens iron, friends sharpen the minds of each other.

English Standard Version
Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.

Easy-to-Read Version
People use pieces of iron to sharpen iron knives. In the same way, people learn from other people, making each other sharp.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Yron sharpeneth yron, so doeth man sharpen the face of his friend.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
Iron sharpens iron; so a man enlightens the face of his friend.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Like as one iron whetteth another, so doth one man comfort another.

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
Enter sparingly into thy friendís house, lest he be satiated with thy company, and hate thee.

Hebrew Names Version
Iron sharpens iron; So a man sharpens his friend's countenance.

American Standard Version
Iron sharpeneth iron; So a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

The Webster Bible
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

New King James
As iron sharpens iron, So a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

Good News Translation
People learn from one another, just as iron sharpens iron.

New American Standard Version
Iron sharpens iron, So one man sharpens another.

Holman Christian Standard
Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.

J.P. Green Literal Translation
Iron sharpens iron, so a man sharpens his friend's face.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Like as one yro whetteth another, so doth one man comforte another.

New Living Translation
As iron sharpens iron, a friend sharpens a friend.

New International Version
As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another.

JPS Old Testament
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

King James Version (1611)
Iron sharpeneth iron: so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

New Century Version
As iron sharpens iron, so people can improve each other.

New Life Version
Iron is made sharp with iron, and one man is made sharp by a friend.

New Revised Standard
Iron sharpens iron, and one person sharpens the wits of another.

King James Version
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

The Emphasised Bible
Let, iron, by iron, become sharp, and let, a man, sharpen the face of his friend.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Iron sharpeneth iron, so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Revised Standard Version
Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
Iron sharpens iron; So a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

World English Bible
Iron sharpens iron; So a man sharpens his friend's countenance.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
Yrun is whettid bi irun; and a man whettith the face of his frend.

Young's Literal Translation
Iron by iron is sharpened, And a man sharpens the face of his friend.

Lexham English Bible
As iron sharpens iron, one man sharpens another.

Contextual Overview

17You use steel to sharpen steel, and one friend sharpens another.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.
Iron
1 Samuel 13:20,21
so
9; Joshua 1:18; 2:24; 1 Samuel 11:9,10; 23:16; 2 Samuel 10:11,12; Job 4:3,4; Isaiah 35:3,4; 1 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 1:8,12; 2:3,9-13; Hebrews 10:24; James 1:2; 1 Peter 4:12,13

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Iron sharpeneth iron,.... A sword or knife made of iron is sharpened by it; so butchers sharpen their knives;

so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend; by conversation with him; thus learned men sharpen one another's minds, and excite each other to learned studies; Christians sharpen one another's graces, or stir up each other to the exercise of them, and the gifts which are bestowed on them, and to love and to good works. So Jarchi and Gersom understand it of the sharpening of men's minds to the learning of doctrine; but Aben Ezra, takes it in an ill sense, that as iron strikes iron and sharpens it, so a wrathful man irritates and provokes wrath in another. Some render the words, "as iron delighteth in iron, so a man rejoiceth the countenance of his friend",: by his company and conversation.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The proverb expresses the gain of mutual counsel as found in clear, well-defined thoughts. Two minds, thus acting on each other, become more acute. This is better than to see in “sharpening” the idea of provoking, and the point of the maxim in the fact that the quarrels of those who have been friends are bitter in proportion to their previous intimacy.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

Iron sharpeneth iron - As hard iron, viz., steel, will bring a knife to a better edge when it is properly whetted against it: so one friend may be the means of exciting another to reflect, dive deeply into, and illustrate a subject, without which whetting or excitement, this had never taken place. Had Horace seen this proverb in the Septuagint translation when he wrote to the Pisos?

Ergo fungar vice cotis, acutum

Reddere quae ferrum valet, exors ipsa secandi.

Hor. Ars. Poet., ver. 304.

"But let me sharpen others, as the hone

Gives edge to razors, though itself have none."

Francis.


Copyright Statement:
The Message
This edition issued by contractual arrangement with NavPress, a division of The Navigators, U.S.A.
Originally published by NavPress in English as THE MESSAGE: The Bible in Contemporary Language Copyright © 2002 by Eugene Peterson. All rights reserved.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, August 13th, 2020
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
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