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New King James
Acts 1:25

to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place."

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Box's Commentaries on Selected Books;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Dunagan Commentary;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Gary Hampton Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   Gray's Commentary;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Commentary on Acts;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Scofield's Notes;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Hell;   Judas (Jude);   Matthias;   Minister, Christian;   Prayer;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Bible Prayers;   Inspiration;   Thompson Chain Reference - Eternal;   Everlasting;   Future State of the Wicked;   Future, the;   Punishment;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Death of the Wicked, the;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Barsabas;   Judas;   Matthias;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Elder;   Prayer;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Elect, Election;   Mission;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Commentary;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Judas;   Lot;   Peter;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Judas Iscariot;   Matthias;   Prayer;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Acts;   Church;   Matthias;   Ordination, Ordain;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Church;   Decision;   Mark, Gospel According to;   Peter;   Prayer;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apostle;   Atonement (2);   Judas Iscariot;   Lots;   Obedience (2);   Ordination;   Place (His Own);   Seventy (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Judas Iscariot ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Matthias;   Rebels;   Theophilus;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Apostle;   Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Matthias;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ju'das Iscar'iot;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Fell;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Authority in Religion;   Bishop;   Decision;   James;   Joseph Barsabbas;   Matthias;   Ministry;   Peter, Simon;   Spiritual Gifts;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Apostle;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Apostle and Apostleship;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
To take the place in this ministry and receive the position of an apostle, from which Judas fell away and went astray to go [where he belonged] to his own [proper] place.

The Complete Jewish Bible
to take over the work and the office of emissary that Y'hudah abandoned to go where he belongs."

American Standard Version
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas fell away, that he might go to his own place.

Bible in Basic English
To take that position as a servant and Apostle, from which Judas by his sin was shut out, so that he might go to his place.

English Revised Version
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas fell away, that he might go to his own place.

Contemporary English Version
to be an apostle and to serve in place of Judas, who got what he deserved."

English Standard Version
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place."

Easy-to-Read Version
The apostles prayed, "Lord, you know the minds of all people. Show us which one of these two men you choose to do this work. Judas turned away from it and went where he belongs. Lord, show us which man should take his place as an apostle!"

The Geneva Bible (1587)
That he may take the roume of this ministration and Apostleship, from which Iudas hath gone astray, to goe to his owne place.

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
That he may receive the lot to the ministry and apostleship, from which Judas has been relieved to go his own way.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
That he may take the rowme of this ministerie and Apostleship, from which Iudas by transgression fell, that he myght go to his owne place.

Darby's Translation
to receive the lot of this service and apostleship, from which Judas transgressing fell to go to his own place.

King James Version (1611)
That hee may take part of this ministerie and Apostleship, from which Iudas by transgression fell, that hee might goe to his owne place.

New Revised Standard
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place."

Douay-Rheims Bible
To take the place of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas hath by transgression fallen, that he might go to his own place.

New Century Version
The apostles prayed, "Lord, you know the thoughts of everyone. Show us which one of these two you have chosen to do this work. Show us who should be an apostle in place of Judas, who turned away and went where he belongs."

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
that he should take part in this ministry and legateship, from which Judas broke away, that he might go to his own place.

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
To take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, to go to his own place.

Good News Translation
to serve as an apostle in the place of Judas, who left to go to the place where he belongs.>>

Holman Christian Standard
to take the place in this apostolic service that Judas left to go to his own place."

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
that the one maye take the rowme of this mynistracion and Apostelshippe, from the which Iudas by transgression fell, that he might go awaye in to his awne place.

Mace New Testament (1729)
that he may be admitted to this apostolick ministry which Judas abandoned, to go to his own place."

J.P. Green Literal Translation
to take the share of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas fell, to go to his own place.

New Living Translation
as an apostle to replace Judas the traitor in this ministry, for he has deserted us and gone where he belongs."

New International Version
to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs.”

King James Version
That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.

New American Standard Version
to occupy this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place."

New Life Version
He is to take the place of Judas in this work and be a missionary. Judas lost his place and went where he belonged because of sin."

Hebrew Names Version
to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Yehudah fell away, that he might go to his own place."

International Standard Version
to serve in this office of apostle, from which Judas fell away to go to his own place."

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
that he may receive the part in the ministry and the apostleship from which Jihuda separated, to go unto his place.

The Emphasised Bible
To take the place of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas went aside, to go his way unto his own place.

Revised Standard Version
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside, to go to his own place."

Tyndale Bible
that the one maye take the roume of this ministracion and apostleshippe from the which Iudas by transgression fell that he myght go to his awne place.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
to take the place in this service and apostleship from which Judas fell away, that he might go to his own place.

The Webster Bible
That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.

World English Bible
to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas fell away, that he might go to his own place."

Weymouth New Testament
to occupy the place in this ministry and Apostleship from which Judas through transgression fell, in order to go to his own place."

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
that oon take the place of this seruyce and apostlehed, of which Judas trespasside, that he schulde go in to his place.

Young's Literal Translation
to receive the share of this ministration and apostleship, from which Judas, by transgression, did fall, to go on to his proper place;'

The Message
to take the place in this ministry and leadership that Judas threw away in order to go his own way."

Lexham English Bible
to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to depart to his own place."

Contextual Overview

15And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples (altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty), and said, 16"Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus; 17for he was numbered with us and obtained a part in this ministry." 18(Now this man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his entrails gushed out. 19And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20"For it is written in the Book of Psalms: "Let his dwelling place be desolate, And let no one live in it'; and, "Let another take his office.' 21"Therefore, of these men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22beginning from the baptism of John to that day when He was taken up from us, one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection." 23And they proposed two: Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. 24And they prayed and said, "You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these two You have chosen

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
he may
17,20
from
16-21; Psalms 109:7; Matthew 27:3-5
by
1 Chronicles 10:13,14; 2 Peter 2:3-6; Jude 1:6,7
go
Matthew 25:41,46; 26:24; John 6:70,71; 13:27; 17:12

Cross-References

Genesis 1:8
And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.

Genesis 1:10
And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:19
So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

Genesis 1:20
Then God said, "Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens."

Job 26:13
By His Spirit He adorned the heavens; His hand pierced the fleeing serpent.

Jeremiah 27:5
"I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are on the ground, by My great power and by My outstretched arm, and have given it to whom it seemed proper to Me.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship,.... Of the ministry of the apostles, or of the apostolical ministration; which lay in preaching the Gospel, administering ordinances, planting churches, and working miracles; and which part, lot, or inheritance, Judas had; see Acts 1:17.

And from which Judas by transgression fell; by betraying his Lord, whose apostle he was, he was turned out of his office, and had no longer part in the apostolical ministry:

that he might go to his own place; which may be understood of Judas, and of his going to hell, as the just punishment of his sin; which is commonly so called by the Jews, who often explain this phrase, "his place", by hell; as when it is said of Laban, Genesis 31:55 that he "returned to his place", it intimates, say they, that he returned to his place, which was prepared for him in hell; and so likewise when it is said of Balaam, Numbers 24:25 that he "returned to his place", they observe, that

"he did not return from his evil way, but returned to his place; and so intimates by saying, to his place, that which was prepared for him in hell, as the Rabbins of blessed memory say; "they came everyone from his own place", Job 2:11 a man from his house, a man from his country it is not written, but a man from his place, which was prepared for him in hell; and because they came to show mercy to Job, they were delivered from hell, and became worthy of the world to come; and so here, and "he returned to his place", המוכן לו בגהינם, "which was prepared for him in hell".

And another of their writers, on the same passage, has this remark, and he returned to his place, and he does not say,

"he went on his way, for he was driven out of his way, and went down to hell.

And agreeably to what is said of Job's friends, the Targumist on Job 2:11 paraphrases the words thus,

"and there came a man, or everyone from his place, and by this merit they were delivered from the place, prepared for them in hell.

And which place the same Targumist on Job 8:4 calls אתר מרדיהון, "the place of their rebellion"; that is, procured by it: and so Judas's own place was what he had merited by his sin, and was righteously appointed for him; and though it was not peculiar to him, but common to all impenitent sinners, yet very proper for him, as a betrayer; for it is a settled point with the Jews, that

"he that betrays an Israelite into the hands of the Gentiles (so Judas betrayed his master), whether in his body, or in his substance, has no part in the world to come.

This clause is by some understood not of Judas, but of Matthias, or of him that was to come in the room of Judas; and by "his own place" it is thought is meant, the "part of the ministry and apostleship", in the former clause, and which the Alexandrian copy reads, "the place of this ministry", he was to take; and now Judas by his iniquity falling from it, made way for another, for Matthias to go to his own place, which God had in his counsel and purposes designed for him; or "into his place", as the Syriac and Arabic versions render it; that is, into the place of Judas, to take his place among the apostles, in his room and stead: the Alexandrian copy reads, "into that righteous place",

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

That he may take part of this ministry - The word rendered “part” - κλῆρον klēron- is the same which in the next verse is rendered lots. It properly means a lot or portion the portion divided to a man, or assigned to him by casting lots; and also the instrument or means by which the lot is determined. The former is its meaning here; the office, or portion of apostolic work, which would fall to him by taking the place of Judas.

Ministry and apostleship - This is an instance of the figure of speech hendiadys, when two words are used to express one thing. It means the apostolic ministry. See instances in Genesis 1:14, “Let them be for signs and for seasons,” that is, signs of seasons; Acts 23:6, “Hope and resurrection of the dead,” that is, hope of the resurrection of the dead.

From which Judas by transgression fell - Literally, went aside - παρέβη parebē- “as opposed to the idea of adhering faithfully to the character and service which his apostleship required of him” (Prof. Hackett). The transgression referred to was his treason and suicide.

That he might go to his own place - These words by different interpreters have been referred both to Matthias and Judas. Those who refer them to Matthias say that they mean that Judas fell that Matthias might go to his own place, that is, to a place for which he was suited, or well qualified. But to this there are many objections:

1. The apostolic office could with no propriety be called, in reference to Matthias, his own place, until it was actually conferred upon him.

2. There is no instance in which the expression to go to his own place is applied to a successor in office.

3. It is not true that the design or reason why Judas fell was to make way for another. He fell by his crimes; his avarice, his voluntary and enormous wickedness.

4. The former part of the sentence contains this sentiment: “Another must be appointed to this office which the death of Judas has made vacant.” If this expression, “that he might go,” etc., refers to the successor of Judas, it expresses the same sentiment, but more obscurely.

5. The obvious and natural meaning of the phrase is to refer it to Judas. But those who suppose that it refers to Judas differ greatly about its meaning. Some suppose that it refers to his own house, and that the meaning is, that he left the apostolic office to return to his own house; and they appeal to Numbers 24:25. But it is not true that Judas did this; nor is there the least proof that it was his design. Others refer it to the grave, as the place of man, where all must lie; and particularly as an ignominious place where it was proper that a traitor like Judas should lie. But there is no example where the word “place” is used in this sense, nor is there an instance where a man, by being buried, is said to return to his own or proper place. Others have supposed that the manner of his death by hanging is referred to as his own or his proper place. But this interpretation is evidently an unnatural and forced one. The word “place” cannot be applied to an act of self-murder. It denotes “habitation, abode, situation in which to remain”; not an act. These are the only interpretations of the passage which can be suggested, except the common one of referring it to the abode of Judas in the world of woe. This might be said to be his own, as he had prepared himself for it, and as it was proper that he who betrayed his Lord should dwell there. This interpretation may be defended by the following considerations:

1. It is the obvious and natural meaning of the words. It commends itself by its simplicity and its evident connection with the context. It has in all ages been the common interpretation; nor has any other been adopted, except in cases where there was a theory to be defended about future punishment. Unless people had previously made up their minds not to believe in future punishment, no one would ever have thought of any other interpretation. This fact alone throws strong light on the meaning of the passage.

2. It accords with the crimes of Judas, and with all that we know of him. What the future doom of Judas would be was not unknown to the apostles. Jesus Christ had expressly declared this - “it had been good for that man if he had not been born”; a declaration which could not be true if, after any limited period of suffering, he was at last admitted to eternal happiness. See Matthew 26:24, and the notes on that place. This declaration was made in the presence of the eleven apostles, at the institution of the Lord‘s Supper, and at a time when their attention was absorbed with deep interest in what Christ said; and it was therefore a declaration which they would not be likely to forget. As they knew the fate of Judas beforehand, nothing was more natural for them than to speak of it familiarly as a thing which had actually occurred when he betrayed his Lord and hung himself.

3. The expression “to go to his own place” is one which is used by the ancient writers to denote “going to an eternal destiny.” Thus, the Jewish Tract, Baal Turim, on Numbers 24:25, says, “Balaam went to his own place, that is, to Gehenna,” to hell. Thus, the Targum, or Chaldee Paraphrase on Ecclesiastes 6:6, says,” Although the days of a man's life were two thousand years, and he did not study the Law, and do justice, in the day of his death his soul shall descend to hell, to the one place where all sinners go.” Thus, Ignatius in the Epistle to the Magnesians says, “Because all things have an end, the two things death and life shall lie down together, and each one shall go to his own place.” The phrase his own place means the place or abode which was suited for him, which was his appropriate home.

Judas was not in a place which befitted his character when he was an apostle; he was not in such a place in the church; he would not be in heaven. Hell was the only place which was suited to the man of avarice and of treason. And if this be the true interpretation of this passage, then it follows:

1. That there will be such a thing as future, eternal punishment. There is certainly one man in hell, and ever will be. If there is one there, for the same reason there may be others. All objections to the doctrine are removed by this single fact; and it cannot be true that all people will be saved.

2. Each individual in eternity will find his own proper place. The punishment of hell is not an arbitrary appointment. Every man will go to the place for which his character is suited. The hypocrite is not suited for heaven. The man of pride, and avarice, and pollution, and falsehood, is not suited for heaven. The place adapted to such people is hell; and the design of the judgment will be to assign to each individual his proper abode in the eternal world. It would not be fit that the holy and pure should dwell forever in the same place with the unholy and impure; and the Lord Jesus will come to assign to each his appropriate eternal habitation.

3. The sinner will have no cause of complaint. If he is assigned to his proper place, he cannot complain. If he is unfit for heaven, he cannot complain that he is excluded. And if his character and feelings are such as make it proper that he should find his eternal abode among the enemies of God, then he must expect that a God of justice and equity will assign him such a doom. But,

4. This will not alleviate his pain; it will deepen his woe. He will have the eternal consciousness that that, and that only, is his place - the abode for which he is suited. The prison is no less dreadful because a man is conscious that he deserves it. The gallows is not the less terrible because the man knows that he deserves to die. And the consciousness of the sinner that he is unfit for heaven; that there is not a solitary soul there with whom he could have sympathy or friendship; that he is fit for hell, and hell only, will be an ingredient of eternal bitterness in the cup of woe that awaits him. Let not the sinner then hope to escape; for God will assuredly appoint his residence in that world to which his character here is adapted.

The character and end of Judas is one of the most important and instructive things in history. It teaches us:

1. That Christ may employ wicked men for important purposes in his kingdom. See the notes on Acts 1:17. He does no violence to their freedom; he permits them to act as they please, but brings important ends out of their conduct. One of the most conclusive arguments for the pure character of Jesus Christ is drawn from the silent testimony of Judas.

2. The character of Judas was eminently base and wicked. He was influenced by one of the worst human passions; and yet he concealed it from all the apostles. It was remarkable that any man should have thought of making money in such a band of men; but avarice will show itself everywhere.

3. We see the effects of covetousness in the church. It led to the betraying of Jesus Christ, and to his death; and it has often betrayed the cause of pure religion since. There is no single human passion that has done so much evil in the church of God as this. It may be consistent with external decency and order, and in accordance with the principles on which the world acts, and which it approves, and it may therefore be indulged without disgrace, while open and acknowledged vices would expose their possessors to shame and ruin. And yet it paralyses and betrays religion probably more than any single propensity of man.

4. The character of an avaricious man in the church will be developed. Opportunities will occur when it will be seen and known by what principle he is influenced. So it was with Achan Joshua 7:21; so it was with Judas; and so it will be with all. Occasions will occur which will test the character, and show what manner of spirit a man is of. Every appeal to a man‘s benevolence, every call upon his charity, shows what spirit influences him - whether he is actuated by the love of gold, or by the love of Christ and his cause.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

That he may take part of this ministry, etc. - Instead of τον κληρον, the lot, which we translate part, τον τοπον, the place, is the reading of ABC*, Coptic, Vulgate, and the Itala in the Codex Bezae, and from them the verse may be read thus, That he may take the place of this ministry and apostleship, (from which Judas fell) and go to his own place; but instead of ιδιον, own, the Codex Alexandrinus, and one of Matthai's MSS., read δικαιον, just - that he might go to his just or proper place.

This verse has been variously expounded:

  1. Some suppose that the words, that he might go to his own place, are spoken of Judas, and his punishment in hell, which they say must be the own place of such a person as Judas.
  • Others refer them to the purchase of the field, made by the thirty pieces of silver for which he had sold our Lord. So he abandoned the ministry and apostolate, that he might go to his own place, viz. that which he had purchased.
  • Others, with more seeming propriety, state that his own place means his own house, or former occupation; he left this ministry and apostleship that he might resume his former employment in conjunction with his family, etc. This is primarily the meaning of it in Numbers 24:25; : And Balaam returned to His Own Place, i.e. to his own country, friends, and employment.
  • Others think it simply means the state of the dead in general, independently of either rewards or punishments; as is probably meant by Ecclesiastes 3:20; : All go unto One Place: all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. But,
  • 5. Some of the best critics assert that the words (as before hinted) belong to Matthias - his own place being the office to which he was about to be elected. Should any object, this could not be called his own place, because he was not yet appointed to it, but hell might be properly called Judas's own place, because, by treason and covetousness, he was fully prepared for that place of torment, it may be answered, that the own or proper place of a man is that for which he is eligible from being qualified for it, though he may not yet possess such a place: so St. Paul, Every man shall receive His Own reward, τον ιδιον μισθον, called there his own, not from his having it already in possession, for that was not to take place until the resurrection of the just; but from his being qualified in this life for the state of glory in the other. See the observations at the end of the chapter.


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