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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Psalms 83



Verses 1-18

Psalm 83

Psalm 83:1-8 — A Cry for Help from God - In Psalm 83:1-8 the psalmist cries out to God for help (83:1) because Israel's enemies have gathered against this nation (83:2-5). He then lists the people who have taken counsel and made a confederate against them (83:6-8).

Grant Jeffrey interprets Psalm 83to refer prophetically to the same event that will take place in Ezekiel 38, in which the prophet Ezekiel includes ancient Persia (Iran), the Islamic states of North Africa and Russia. 88]

88] Grant R. Jeffrey, The Next World War (Colorado Springs, Colorado: WaterBrook Press, 2006), 12-13.

Psalm 83:3 They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.

Word Study on "hidden ones"- Strong says the Hebrew word "hidden ones" "tsaphan" ( צָפַן) (H 6845) literally means, "to hide." It is used figuratively in this psalm to mean "protect." The NIV translates this word "(those) you cherish."

Psalm 83:4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.

Psalm 83:5 For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:

Psalm 83:5 — "they are confederate against thee" - Comments- Note how the psalmist says in 83:5 that this confederacy of nations has come against God. This is covenant language. Since the nation of Israel is in covenant with Jehovah God, then anyone who comes against Israel is essentially also coming against God.

Psalm 83:6 The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;

Psalm 83:7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;

Psalm 83:8 Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.

Psalm 83:6-8Comments- The Confederacy of Arab Nations - Grant Jeffrey identifies this confederacy of nations using their modern names. 89] He points out that they are all "modern Islamic nations."

89] Grant R. Jeffrey, The Next World War (Colorado Springs, Colorado: WaterBrook Press, 2006), 12-13.


descendents of Esau, Jacob's brother



descendents of Ishmael, Isaac's half brother

the Arabs


descendents of Moab, Lot's son

Jordan east of Dead Sea


descendents of one of Hagar's 12sons


ancient Byblus

north of Beirut


descendents of Ammon, Lot's son

capital of Jordan


descendents from Esau

southern Jordan


descendents from Ham

in Palestine, Syria


a Phoenician city



founded Assyria

Iraq and Iran

Children of Lot

Moab and Ammon


Psalm 83:9-12 — A Reminder of God's Past Deliverance of Israel- In Psalm 83:9-12 the psalmist refers to the ancient victories that are recorded in Judges 4thru 7, when God miraculously delivered Israel from overwhelming odds created by a similar loose knit confederacy of Canaanite city-states and their kings. In other words, the psalmist is inspired by the Holy Spirit and reminded of a time when Israel stood in this exact same position, surrounded by her immediate neighbours who had taken counsel together and formed a similar confederacy.


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Psalms 83:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

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Monday, January 20th, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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