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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Introduction Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3
Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7
Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11
Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14

Book Overview - Zechariah

The Prophet. His name means "Remembered of the Lord" and like Haggai he appears to have been among the captives who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. He was a co-laborer with Haggai, beginning his work two mouths later and continuing into the second year following him. The conditions of the times were the same as those described in Haggai.

The Prophecy. The purpose is the same as that of Haggai. The time of the first eight chapters is that of the rebuilding of the temple while the remaining chapters, 9-14, are thought to have been written thirty years later. It is distinguished for: (1) The symbolic character of its visions. (2) The richness of his Messianic predictions found in the second part. (3) The large place given to angelic mediation in the intercourse with Jehovah.

The Contents. The contents have been said to contain: (1) Encouragements to lead the people to repent and reform; (2) Discussions about keeping up the days of fasting and humiliation observed during the captivity; (3) Reflections of a moral and spiritual nature; (4) Denunciations against some contemporary nations; (5) Promises of the prosperity of God's people; (6) Various predictions concerning Christ and his kingdom.


  1. Eight Visions Encouraging the Rebuilding of the Temple, Chs. 1-6. Introduction, 1:1-6.
    1. The horseman among the myrtle trees, 1:7-17.
    2. The four horns and four carpenters, 1:18-21.
    3. The man with the measuring line, Ch. 2.
    4. Joshua, the High Priest, and Satan, Ch. 3.
    5. The Golden Candlestick, Ch. 4.
    6. The Flying Roll 5:1-4.
    7. The woman and ephah, 5:5-11 end.
    8. The four war chariots, 6:1-8.
    9. Appendix: Joshua crowned as a type of Christ, 6:9-15.

  2. Requirement of the Law and the Restoration and Enlargement of Israel, Chs. 7-8.
    1. Obedience better than fasting. 7:1-7.
    2. Disobedience the source of all their past misery, 7:8-14 end.
    3. The restoration and enlargement which prefigure Christ "The Jew," Ch.8.

  3. Visions of the Messianic Kingdom. Chs. 9-14.
    1. The Messianic King, Ch. 9-10.
    2. The rejected Shepherd, Ch. 11.
    3. The restored and penitent people, Chs. 12-13.
    4. The divine sovereignty, Ch. 14.

For Study and Discussion. (1) The symbols and figures used in the several visions. (2) The different ways of expressing or planning the success of God's people and the overthrow of their enemies. (3) The discussion of fasting, should they keep it up? What is superior to it? etc. (4) The promises of these prophesies. (5) The denunciations and judgments found in the book.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, May 25th, 2018
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
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