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ver. 2.0.19.12.09
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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged
2 Peter

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3

Book Overview - 2 Peter

INTRODUCTION

AUTHENTICITY AND GENUINENESS.--If not a gross imposture, its own internal witness is unequivocal in its favor. It has Peter's name and apostleship in its heading: not only his surname, but his original name Simon, or Simeon, he thus, at the close of his life, reminding his readers who he originally was before his call. Again, in 2 Peter 1:16-18 his presence at the Transfiguration, and Christ's prophecy of his death! and in 2 Peter 3:15 his brotherhood with Paul. Again, in 2 Peter 3:1 of himself as author of the former Epistle: it is, moreover, addressed so as to include (but not to be restricted to) the same persons as the first, whom he presupposes to be acquainted with the writings of Paul, by that time recognized as "Scripture" ( 2 Peter 3:15 long-suffering of God," compare Romans 2:4 a late date, when Paul's Epistles (including Romans) already had become generally diffused and accepted as Scripture in the Church. The Church of the fourth century had, besides the testimony which we have of the doubts of the earlier Christians, other external evidence which we have not, and which, doubtless, under God's overruling providence, caused them to accept it. It is hard to understand how a book palpably false (as it would be if Peter be not the author) could have been accepted in the Canon as finally established in the Councils of Laodicea, A.D. 360 (if the fifty-ninth article be genuine), Hippo, and Carthage in the fourth century (393 and 397). The whole tone and spirit of the Epistle disprove its being an imposture. He writes as one not speaking of himself, but moved by the Holy Ghost ( 2 Peter 1:21 An attempt at such a fraud in the first ages would have brought only shame and suffering, alike from Christians and heathen, on the perpetrator: there was then no temptation to pious frauds as in later times. That it must have been written in the earliest age is plain from the wide gulf in style which separates it and the other New Testament Scriptures from even the earliest and best of the post-apostolic period. DAILLE well says, "God has allowed a fosse to be drawn by human weakness around the sacred canon to protect it from all invasion."

Traces of acquaintance with it appear in the earliest Fathers. HERMAS [Similitudes, 6.4] (compare 2 Peter 2:13 [Shepherd, Vision 3.7], "They have left their true way" (compare 2 Peter 2:15 [Shepherd, Vision 4.3], "Thou hast escaped this world" (compare 2 Peter 2:20 ROME, [Epistle to the Corinthians, 7.9; 10], as to Noah's preaching and Lot's deliverance, "the Lord making it known that He does not abandon those that trust in Him, but appoints those otherwise inclined to judgment" (compare 2 Peter 2:5, 2 Peter 2:6, 2 Peter 2:7, 2 Peter 2:9 IREN

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, December 9th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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