corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.11.15
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann
Psalms 31

 

 

Verses 1-13

The Believer's Humble and Confident Submission to the Hand of God.

To the chief musician, for performance in the liturgical part of the Tabernacle worship, a psalm of David, written at some time when he was in very great trouble. Luther rightly makes the application when he writes that the psalm is spoken in the person of Christ and His saints, who are plagued during their whole life, internally by trembling and alarm, externally by persecution, slander, and contempt, for the sake of the Word of God, and yet are delivered by God from them all and receive the fullness of divine comfort.

A Confident Entreaty

v. 1. In Thee, O Lord, do I put my trust, having taken refuge with Jehovah, sheltered by His almighty power; let me never be ashamed, such shame bringing disgrace also upon Him to whom he entrusted himself; deliver me in Thy righteousness, by a manifestation of His essence which would prove Him to be the righteous God.

v. 2. Bow down Thine ear to me, in the attitude of most careful attention; deliver me speedily, since the need was so urgent. Be Thou my strong Rock, a pinnacle of defense, for an house of defense, a fortress, or stronghold, to save me. This is the humble, but bold and courageous manner in which a believer may at all times approach his heavenly Father.

v. 3. For Thou art my Rock and my Fortress, it was because David knew this that he prayed so confidently; therefore for Thy name's sake lead me and guide me, rather, "Thou wilt lead me and guide me," for it expresses the strong hope and confidence that it will be done according to the believer's faith and prayer.

v. 4. Pull me out of the net, again a definite statement, "Thou wilt bring me out of the net," that they have laid privily for me, Psa_9:15; Psa_25:15; for Thou art my Strength, his Defense and Bulwark.

v. 5. Into Thine hand I commit my spirit, in all the vicissitudes of life, in all the dangers of death, he places the life of his spirit into the hands of his heavenly Father, as in the safest place of deposit, as also Jesus and Stephen did, Luk_23:36; Act_7:59; Thou hast redeemed me, from all evils and dangers that beset the path of mortals here below, O Lord God of truth, whose Word and promise is secure at all times. Note that the spirit of faith is like the spirit of prophecy, speaking of things in the future with the certainty of fulfillment.

v. 6. I have hated them that regard lying vanities, those who place their trust in vain idols; but I trust in the Lord, the emphasis being placed on the contrast, the "I" being stressed, as was the "Thou" in v. 4.

v. 7. I will be glad and rejoice in Thy mercy, with exultant joy over God's act of grace upon him; for Thou hast considered my trouble, regarding it for the sake of relieving the sufferer; Thou hast known my soul in adversities, not ignored it, but taken note of its needs,

v. 8. and hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy, to be a miserable captive, subject to every form of indignity; Thou hast set my feet in a large room, in a wide place, where he would not be hindered by the enemies. With all these evidences of God's loving-kindness in mind, the psalmist again sounds his prayer.

v. 9. Have mercy upon me, O Lord, being gracious to the unworthy, for I am in trouble, distressed and oppressed; mine eye is consumed with grief, wasted away with vexation, yea, my soul and my belly, his entire person, including both his spiritual and physical activities and experiences.

v. 10. For my life is spent, consumed, eaten up, with grief, and my years with sighing; my strength faileth because of mine iniquity, by reason of the suffering which, as a punishment, followed his transgression, and my bones are consumed, wasted away with fear and dread. Note that David, and all believers with him, regards his sin as the real cause of his troubles.

v. 11. I was a reproach among all mine enemies, rather, "Because of all mine adversaries I have become a reproach," on account of their continual nagging and jeering, but especially among my neighbors, and a fear to mine acquaintance, a burden to his nearest neighbors and a terror to all who knew him, on account of the reports spread about him, which laid every form of evil to his charge. They that did see me without fled from me, with an aversion due to the reports circulated about him.

v. 12. I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind, consigned to oblivion by men, out of sight, out of mind; I am like a broken vessel, one that is perishing, about to be discarded as unfit.

v. 13. For I have heard the slander of many, the whispering directed against his person; fear was on every side, terrors all around him; while they took counsel against me, they devised to take away my life. Thus his enemies were engaged, such intentions they harbored; that was the trouble in which David found himself, the experience of most believers, at one time or another.


Verses 14-24

Confidence and Triumph of Faith

v. 14. But I trusted in Thee, O Lord, again spoken with emphasis, "But as for me, in Thee have I confided, O Jehovah. " I said, Thou art my God, his highest Good, his safe Refuge.

v. 15. My times, the entire course of the believer's life, are in Thy hand, not subject to blind fate, but to the gracious will of the heavenly Father. Deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, always stretched out to harm him, and from them that persecute me, torturing him with their pursuit.

v. 16. Make Thy face to shine upon Thy servant, in merciful kindness; save me for Thy mercies' sake, all merit on the part of the believer being disowned.

v. 17. Let me not be ashamed, O Lord, become an object of ridicule on account of his trust in Jehovah, for I have called upon Thee; let the wicked be ashamed, all mockery being heaped upon their head, and let them be silent in the grave, cut off from the land of the living and silenced in the realm of the dead below.

v. 18. Let the lying lips be put to silence, forever become dumb in death, which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous, speaking arrogantly with pride and scorn, this attitude being characteristic of the unbelievers in their treatment of believers.

v. 19. Oh, how great is Thy goodness which Thou hast laid up, as a precious treasure, for them that fear Thee; which Thou hast wrought for them that trust in Thee before the sons of men! The love of God is manifested to the soul in secret, in a hidden manner, but altogether satisfactory to the believer.

v. 20. Thou shalt hide them, the believers, in the secret of Thy presence, in the protection which His face affords, from the pride of man, from the conspiracies of the wicked, concealing them as with a screen; Thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion, as a guest of Jehovah in the protecting shelter of His tent, from the strife of tongues, those of the wicked being engaged, as in warfare, in hurting the righteous.

v. 21. Blessed be the Lord; for He hath showed me His marvelous kindness, working miracles for the sake of the believer, in a strong city; for the believer, by placing his trust in Jehovah, enters into a fortified city, which cannot be taken by the enemies.

v. 22. For I said in my haste, while he was confused and as in a stupor from surprise, I am cut off from before Thine eyes, he had for a moment believed himself forsaken by God; nevertheless, Thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto Thee, the deliverance of the Lord putting his small faith to shame.

v. 23. O love the Lord, all ye His saints, in return for the many evidences of His loving-kindness; for the Lord preserveth the faithful, Jehovah keeps the faith which He has promised, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer, with the punishment which his pride deserves.

v. 24. Be of good courage, and He shall strengthen your heart, strong and valiant of heart they shall be in their trust in Jehovah, all ye that hope in the Lord, confidently waiting for the final manifestation of His glory, a word which applies to the believers of all times. It may often seem as though nothing but darkness surrounded us, but the light of God's countenance is always upon us, the full manifestation of His unchanging love being revealed on the Last Day.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Psalms 31:4". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/psalms-31.html. 1921-23.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology