corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

Scofield's Reference Notes
Exodus 4



Verse 1

borrow The use of little things. Cf. Judges 3:31; 1 Kings 17:12-16; John 6:9; 1 Corinthians 1:25-31

Verse 2

rod Sign of the rod = power Psalms 110:2; Psalms 2:9; Revelation 2:27. It was Moses' shepherd's crook, the tool of his calling. Cast down, it became a serpent; taken up in faith, it became "the rod of God"; Exodus 4:20; Exodus 7:12. (See Scofield "Exodus 7:12")

Verse 6

Put now thine hand

The sign of leprosy. The heart ("bosom") stands for what we are, the hand for what we do. What we are, that ultimately we do. It is a sign of Luke 6:43-45. The two signs, rod and hand, speak of preparation for service:

(1) consecration--our capacity taken up for God;

(2) the hand that holds the rod of God's power must be a cleansed hand swayed by a new heart.

Verse 14

Aaron the Levite

(Cf) Exodus 28:1. (See Scofield "Exodus 28:1").

Verse 21

harden his heart

(Cf) Exodus 8:15; Exodus 8:32; Exodus 9:34. In the face of the righteous demand of Jehovah and of the tremendous attestations by miracle that He was indeed God, and that Moses and Aaron were His representatives, Pharaoh "hardened his heart." Instrumentally God hardened Pharaoh's heart by forcing him to an issue against which he hardened his own heart in refusal. Light rejected, rightful obedience refused, inevitably hardens conscience and heart. Romans 9:17-24.

Verse 24

kill him

(Cf) Genesis 17:14 The context (Genesis 4:25) interprets Genesis 4:25. Moses was forgetful of the very foundation sign of Israel's covenant relation to Jehovah. On the eve of delivering Israel he was thus reminded that without circumcision an Israelite was cut off from the covenant. Joshua 5:3-9.


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Exodus 4:4". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 1917.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology