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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Chronicles 20

 

 

Introduction
1Rabbah is besieged by Joab, spoiled by David, and the people thereof tortured.
4Three giants are slain in three several overthrows of the Philistines.

Verse 1
And it came to pass, that after the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle, Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And Joab smote Rabbah, and destroyed it.
A. M. 2969. B.C. 1035. An. Ex. Is. 456. And it came
2 Samuel 11:1
after the year was expired
Heb. at the return of the year.
1 Kings 20:22,26; 2 Kings 13:20
wasted
Isaiah 6:11; 54:16
Rabbah
Deuteronomy 3:11; 2 Samuel 12:26; 17:27; Jeremiah 49:2,3; Ezekiel 21:20; 25:5; Amos 1:14
Joab smote
2 Samuel 11:16-25; 12:26-31

Verse 2
And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it; and it was set upon David's head: and he brought also exceeding much spoil out of the city.
it
Heb. the weight of it. and he brought.
18:11; 2 Samuel 8:11,12

Verse 3
And he brought out the people that were in it, and cut them with saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David with all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.
And he
19:2-5; Psalms 21:8,9
and cut
Instead of wyyasar, "and he cut," the parallel passage is wyyasem, "and he put them;" which is also the reading here of seven MSS. collated by Dr. Kennicott. Sawing asunder, etc., of human beings, have no more place in the text, than they had in David's conduct towards the Ammonites.
with saws
Exodus 1:14; Joshua 9:23; Judges 8:6,7,16,17; 1 Kings 9:21

Verse 4
And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.
A. M. 2986. B.C. 1018. An. Ex. Is. 473. there arose. or, there continued. Heb. there stood
2 Samuel 21:15
Gezer
or, Gob.
Joshua 12:12; 16:3; 2 Samuel 21:18-22
Sibbechai
11:29
Sippai
2 Samuel 21:18
Saph
the giant. or, Rapha.

Verse 5
And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.
Jair
2 Samuel 21:19
Jaare-oregim
Goliath.
1 Samuel 17:4; 21:9; 22:10; 2 Samuel 21:19

Verse 6
And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot: and he also was the son of the giant.
of great stature
Heb. of measure.
2 Samuel 21:20
the son of the giant
Heb. born to the giant. or Rapha.

Verse 7
But when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea David's brother slew him.
defied
or, reproached.
1 Samuel 17:10,26,36; Isaiah 37:23
Shimea
2:13
Shimma
1 Samuel 16:9
Shammah

Verse 8
These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
they fell
Joshua 14:12; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Jeremiah 9:23; Romans 8:31

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 20:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-20.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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