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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 21

 

 


Introduction
1Job shews that even in the judgment of man he has reason to be grieved.
7Sometimes the wicked prosper, though they despise God.
16Sometimes their destruction is manifest.
21The happy and unhappy are alike in death.
27The judgment of the wicked is in another world.

Verse 2
Hear diligently my speech, and let this be your consolations.
Hear
13:3,4; 18:2; 33:1,31-33; 34:2; Judges 9:7; Isaiah 55:2; Hebrews 2:1
let this be
15:11; 16:2

Verse 3
Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I have spoken, mock on.
that I may
13:13; 33:31-33
mock on
12:4,5; 13:9; 16:10,20; 17:2

Verse 4
As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?
is my complaint
7:11-21; 10:1,2; 1 Samuel 1:16; Psalms 22:1-3; 77:3-9; 102:1; *title; Psalms 142:2,3; Matthew 26:38
if it were
2 Kings 6:26,27; Psalms 42:11
troubled
Heb. shortened.
Exodus 6:9; *marg:

Verse 5
Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth.
Mark me
Heb. Look unto me. be astonished.
2:12; 17:8; 19:20,21
lay your
29:9; 40:4; Judges 18:19; Psalms 39:9; Proverbs 30:32; Amos 5:13; Micah 7:16; Romans 11:33

Verse 6
Even when I remember I am afraid, and trembling taketh hold on my flesh.
Even when
Psalms 77:3; 88:15; 119:120; Lamentations 3:19,20; Habakkuk 3:16

Verse 7
Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power?
Wherefore
12:6; Psalms 17:10; 73:3-12; Jeremiah 12:1-3; Habakkuk 1:15,16
mighty
Psalms 37:35; Daniel 4:17; Revelation 13:2-7; 17:2-4

Verse 8
Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes.
5:3,4; 18:19; 20:10,28; Proverbs 17:6

Verse 9
Their houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them.
safe from fear
Heb. peace from fear.
15:21; 18:11; Psalms 73:19; Isaiah 57:19-21
the rod
9:34; Psalms 73:5

Verse 10
Their bull gendereth, and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf.
their cow
Exodus 23:26; Deuteronomy 7:13,14; 28:11; Psalms 144:13,14; Ecclesiastes 9:1,2; Luke 12:16-21; Luke 16:19

Verse 11
They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance.
Psalms 107:41; 127:3-5

Verse 12
They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.
Genesis 4:21; 31:27; Isaiah 5:12; 22:13; Amos 6:4-6

Verse 13
They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.
They
36:11; Psalms 73:4; Matthew 24:38,39; Luke 12:19,20; 17:28,29
wealth
or, mirth.

Verse 14
Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways.
they say
22:17; Psalms 10:4,11; Luke 8:28,37; Habakkuk 1:15; John 15:23,24; Romans 8:7
for we
Proverbs 1:7,22,29; John 3:19,20; 8:45-47; Romans 1:28; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12; 2 Timothy 4:3,4

Verse 15
What is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
What is
Exodus 5:2; Psalms 12:4; Proverbs 30:9; Hosea 13:6
and what
34:9; 35:3; Isaiah 30:11; Malachi 1:13,14
if we
Isaiah 45:19; Matthew 7:7; John 16:24

Verse 16
Lo, their good is not in their hand: the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
Lo
1:21; 12:9,10; Psalms 49:6,7; 52:5-7; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Luke 16:2,25
the counsel
22:18; Genesis 49:6; Psalms 1:1; Proverbs 1:10; 5:8

Verse 17
How oft is the candle of the wicked put out! and how oft cometh their destruction upon them! God distributeth sorrows in his anger.
oft
18:5,6,18; Proverbs 13:9; 20:20; 24:20; Matthew 25:8
candle
or, lamp. distributeth.
Psalms 32:10; 90:7-9; Luke 12:46; Romans 2:8,9

Verse 18
They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.
as stubble
13:25; Exodus 15:7; Psalms 1:4; 35:5; 83:13; Isaiah 5:24; 17:13; 29:5; 40:24; Isaiah 41:15,16; Jeremiah 13:24; Hosea 13:3; Nahum 1:10; Matthew 3:12
carrieth
Heb. stealeth.

Verse 19
God layeth up his iniquity for his children: he rewardeth him, and he shall know it.
layeth
22:24; Deuteronomy 32:34; Matthew 6:19,20; Romans 2:5
iniquity
that is, the punishment of his iniquity.
Genesis 4:7; Isaiah 53:4-6; 2 Corinthians 5:21
for his
Exodus 20:5; Psalms 109:9-31; Isaiah 14:21; Ezekiel 18:14,19,20; Matthew 23:31-35
he rewardeth
Deuteronomy 32:41; 2 Samuel 3:39; Psalms 54:5; Matthew 16:27; 2 Timothy 4:14; Revelation 18:6
he shall
Malachi 3:18

Verse 20
His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
see
27:19; Luke 16:23
drink
Psalms 75:8; Isaiah 51:17; Jeremiah 25:15,16; 51:7; Revelation 14:10; 19:15

Verse 21
For what pleasure hath he in his house after him, when the number of his months is cut off in the midst?
For what
14:21; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19; Luke 16:27,28
the number
14:5; Psalms 55:23; 102:24

Verse 22
Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.
teach
40:2; Isaiah 40:13,14; 45:9; Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16
he judgeth
34:17-19; Psalms 113:5,6; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 40:22,23; 1 Corinthians 6:3; 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6; Revelation 20:1-3,12-15

Verse 23
One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet.
in his full strength
Heb. in his very perfection. or, the strength of his perfection.
20:22,23; Psalms 49:17; 73:4,5; Luke 12:19-21

Verse 24
His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow.
His breasts
or, His milk pails.
15:27; Psalms 17:10
moistened
Proverbs 3:8

Verse 25
And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.
in the bitterness
3:20; 7:11; 9:18; 10:1; 2 Samuel 17:8; *marg:; Proverbs 14:10; Isaiah 38:15-17
never
20:23; 1 Kings 17:12; Ecclesiastes 6:2; Ezekiel 4:16,17; 12:18

Verse 26
They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them.
alike
3:18,19; 20:11; Ecclesiastes 9:2
the worms
17:14; 19:26; Psalms 49:14; Isaiah 14:11

Verse 27
Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which ye wrongfully imagine against me.
I know
4:8-11; 5:3-5; 8:3-6; 15:20-35; 20:5,29; Luke 5:22
ye wrongfully
32:3; 42:7; Psalms 59:4; 119:86; 1 Peter 2:19

Verse 28
For ye say, Where is the house of the prince? and where are the dwelling places of the wicked?
Where
20:7; Psalms 37:36; 52:5,6; Habakkuk 2:9-11; Zechariah 5:4
dwelling places
Heb. tent of the tabernacles.
Numbers 16:26-34

Verse 29
Have ye not asked them that go by the way? and do ye not know their tokens,
go by
Psalms 129:8

Verse 30
That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
the wicked
Proverbs 16:4; Nahum 1:2; 2 Peter 2:9-17; 3:7; Jude 1:13
day
20:28; Psalms 110:5; Proverbs 11:4; Zephaniah 1:15; Romans 2:5; Revelation 6:17
wrath
Heb. wraths.

Verse 31
Who shall declare his way to his face? and who shall repay him what he hath done?
declare
2 Samuel 12:7-12; 1 Kings 21:19-24; Psalms 50:21; Jeremiah 2:33-35; Mark 6:18; Acts 24:25; Galatians 2:11
repay
19; 41:11; Deuteronomy 7:10; Isaiah 59:13; Romans 12:19; James 2:13

Verse 32
Yet shall he be brought to the grave, and shall remain in the tomb.
he be
Psalms 49:14; Ezekiel 32:21-32; Luke 16:22
grave
Heb. graves. remain in the tomb. Heb. watch in the heap.

Verse 33
The clods of the valley shall be sweet unto him, and every man shall draw after him, as there are innumerable before him.
sweet
3:17,18
every man
30:23; Genesis 3:19; Ecclesiastes 1:4; 8:8; 12:7; Hebrews 9:27

Verse 34
How then comfort ye me in vain, seeing in your answers there remaineth falsehood?
comfort
16:2
seeing
13:4; 32:3; 42:7
falsehood
Heb. transgression.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-21.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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