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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 84



1The prophet, longing for the communion of the sanctuary,
4shews how blessed they are that dwell therein.
8He prays to be restored unto it.

Verse 1
How amiable are thy tabernacles, O LORD of hosts!
A. M. 3469. B.C. 535. (Title.) Gittith
8:1; 81:1; *titles
A Psalm
Some suppose this Psalm was composed by David when driven from Jerusalem by Absalom's rebellion: but it is more probable that it was written at the foundation of the second temple.
or, of.
36:8; 27:4; 48:1,2; 87:2,3; 122:1; Hebrews 9:23,24; Revelation 21:2,3,22,23
O Lord
103:20,21; 1 Kings 22:19; Nehemiah 9:6; Isaiah 6:2,3

Verse 2
My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
42:1,2; 63:1,2; 73:26; 119:20,81; 143:6; Song of Solomon 2:4,5; 5:8
Job 23:3; Isaiah 26:9; 64:1

Verse 3
Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.
Yea, etc
Or, rather, "Even as the sparrow findeth a house, and the swallow (deror, or the ring-dove, according to some, but probably the bird which Forskal mentions among the migratory birds of Alexandria, by the name of dururi) a nest for herself where she may lay her young, (so I seek) thine altars, O Jehovah, God of hosts, my King and my God." That is, as nature inclines birds to seek and prepare their nests, so grace has taught me to desire thy altars, and to worship there.
90:1; 91:1; 116:7; Matthew 8:20; 23:37

Verse 4
Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah.
23:6; 27:4; 65:4; 134:1-3
they will
71:8,15; 145:1,2,21; Isaiah 12:4,5; Revelation 7:15

Verse 5
Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them.
28:7,8; Isaiah 45:24; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 4:13
in whose
40:8; 42:4; 55:14; Isaiah 26:9; Jeremiah 31:33; 50:4,5; Micah 4:2

Verse 6
Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools.
66:10-12; John 16:33; Acts 14:22; Romans 5:3-5; 8:37; 2 Corinthians 4:17; Revelation 7:14
Baca, etc
or, mulberry-trees, make him a well, etc. Baca is probably a large shrub, which the Arabs still call baca, (see on 2 Sa 5:23;) and this valley, as Celsius observes, seems to be one "embarrassed with [such] bushes and thorns, which could not be passed without labour and tears,"--bacah, as 7 MSS., Aquila, and Vulgate read.
2 Samuel 5:22-24
the rain
68:9; 2 Kings 3:9-20
Heb. covereth.

Verse 7
They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appeareth before God.
Job 17:9; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 40:31; John 15:2; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 2 Peter 3:18
strength to strength
Heb. company to company.
Luke 2:24
in Zion
43:3; Deuteronomy 16:16; Isaiah 46:13; Jeremiah 31:6; Zechariah 14:16; John 6:39; 14:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:17

Verse 9
Behold, O God our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed.
11; 98:1; Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 33:29
the face
2:2,6; *marg:; 89:20; 1 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 23:1; 2 Chronicles 6:42; Acts 4:27

Verse 10
For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
1,2; 27:4; 43:3,4; 63:2; Luke 2:46; Romans 8:5,6; Philippians 3:20
I had, etc
Heb. I would choose rather to sit at the threshold.
James 2:3
to dwell
17:14,15; 26:8-10; 141:4,5

Verse 11
For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
a sun
27:1; Isaiah 60:19,20; Malachi 4:2; John 1:9; 8:12; Revelation 21:23
9; 3:3; 47:9; 115:9-11; 119:114; Genesis 15:1; Proverbs 2:7
the Lord
John 1:16; Romans 8:16-18; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:17; Philippians 1:6
34:9,10; 85:12; Matthew 6:33; Philippians 4:19
15:2; Proverbs 2:7; 10:9; 28:6,18; Micah 2:7; Galatians 2:14

Verse 12
O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.
2:12; 34:8; 62:8; 146:5,6; Isaiah 30:18; 50:10; Jeremiah 17:7,8


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 84:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, January 25th, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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