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Passage Lookup: Matthew 13

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Matthew 13

Chapter 13

The Parable of the Sower

1 That same day Jesus went out of the house [o] For Matthew 13:1-15, see Mark 4:1-12; Luke 8:4-10 and sat beside the sea.
2 And great crowds gathered about him, [p] [Mark 3:9; Luke 5:1-3] so that he got into a boat and sat down. And the whole crowd stood on the beach.
3 And [q] Matthew 13:34 he told them many things in parables, saying: [r] [Isaiah 55:10; Amos 9:13] “A sower went out to sow.
4 And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured them.
5 Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth of soil,
6 but [s] 1:11 when the sun rose they were scorched. And since they had no root, [t] John 15:6 they withered away.
7 Other seeds fell among [u] Jeremiah 4:3 thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them.
8 Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some [v] Matthew 13:23; Genesis 26:12 a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
9  [w] See Matthew 11:15 He who has ears, [xr] to hear
let him hear.”

The Purpose of the Parables

10 Then the disciples came and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”
11 And he answered them, [x] Matthew 19:11; Colossians 1:27; [1 Corinthians 2:6-10; 1 John 2:20, 1 John 2:27]; See Matthew 11:25 “To you it has been given to know [y] See Romans 16:25 the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.
12  [z] Matthew 25:29; Mark 4:25; Luke 8:18; Luke 19:26; [John 15:2; 4:6] For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, [a] [Revelation 2:5] even what he has will be taken away.
13 This is why I speak to them in parables, because [b] Deuteronomy 29:4; Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Romans 11:8; 2 Corinthians 3:14; 2 Corinthians 4:4; [Isaiah 42:19-20] seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, [c] Matthew 13:19, Matthew 13:51; Matthew 15:10; Matthew 16:12; Mark 8:21 nor do they understand.
14 Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says:

[d] John 12:40; Acts 28:26-27; Cited from Isaiah 6:9-10 “ ‘You will indeed hear but never understand, and you will indeed see but never perceive.
15 For this people’s heart has grown dull, and with their ears [e] [Hebrews 5:11] they can barely hear, and [f] [John 9:39, John 9:41] their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and [g] [Romans 10:10] understand with their heart and [h] See Luke 22:32 turn, and I would heal them.’

16 But [i] Luke 10:23-24; [Matthew 16:17] blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear.
17  [i] [See Matthew 13:16 above] For truly, I say to you, [j] Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 1:10-12; [John 8:56] many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18  [k] For Matthew 13:18-23, see Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15 “Hear then the parable of the sower:
19 When anyone hears the word of [l] Matthew 13:38; Matthew 4:23; Matthew 8:12 the kingdom and [m] See Matthew 13:13 does not understand it, [n] John 17:15; Ephesians 6:16; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 John 2:13-14; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18-19 the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path.
20 As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately [o] [Isaiah 58:2; Ezekiel 33:31-32; Mark 6:20; John 5:35] receives it with joy,
21 yet he has no root in himself, but [p] Galatians 1:6; [Hosea 6:4; Galatians 5:7] endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately [q] See Matthew 11:6 he falls away. [fn]
22 As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but [r] See Matthew 6:25 the cares of [s] 2 Timothy 4:10 the world and [t] 1 Timothy 6:9-10, 1 Timothy 6:17; [Matthew 19:23; Mark 10:23; Acts 5:1-11; Hebrews 3:13] the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful.
23 As for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and [m] [See Matthew 13:19 above] understands it. He indeed [u] Hosea 14:8; John 15:5, John 15:16; Philippians 1:11; Colossians 1:6 bears fruit and yields, in one case [v] Matthew 13:8 a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.”

The Parable of the Weeds

24 He put another parable before them, saying, [w] Matthew 13:37-42; [Mark 4:26-29] “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field,
25 but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds [fn] among the wheat and went away.
26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also.
27 And the servants [xr]
of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’
28 He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’
29 But he said, [x] [1 Corinthians 4:5] ‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.
30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, [y] Matthew 3:12 Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.’ ”

The Mustard Seed and the Leaven

31 He put another parable before them, saying, [z] For Matthew 13:31-32, see Mark 4:30-32; Luke 13:18-19 “The kingdom of heaven is like [a] Matthew 17:20; Luke 17:6 a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field.
32 It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.”

33 He told them another parable. [b] Luke 13:20-21 “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in [c] Genesis 18:6 three measures of flour, till it was [d] 1 Corinthians 5:6; Galatians 5:9 all leavened.”

Prophecy and Parables

34  [e] Matthew 13:3; Mark 4:33-34; [John 16:25, John 16:29] All these things Jesus said to the crowds in parables; indeed, he said nothing to them without a parable.
35 This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet: [fn]

[f] Cited from Psalms 78:2 “I will open my mouth in parables; [g] [Matthew 13:11; Romans 16:25-26; 1 Corinthians 2:7] I will utter what has been hidden [h] Matthew 25:34; Luke 11:50; [John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20] since the foundation of the world.”

The Parable of the Weeds Explained

36 Then he left the crowds and went into [i] Matthew 13:1 the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, [j] Matthew 13:24-30; [Matthew 15:15] “Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.”
37 He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man.
38 The field is the world, and the good seed is [k] [Matthew 13:43] the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are [l] John 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 John 3:10; [Matthew 23:15]; See Matthew 13:19 the sons of the evil one,
39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. [m] Joel 3:13; Revelation 14:15 The harvest is [n] Matthew 13:49; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 28:20; [Daniel 12:13; Hebrews 9:26] the close of the age, and the reapers are angels.
40 Just as the weeds [o] John 15:6; [Matthew 3:12] are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at [n] [See Matthew 13:39 above] the close of the age.
41  [p] Matthew 24:31 The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all [q] Matthew 18:7; [Zephaniah 1:3] causes of sin and [r] Matthew 7:23 all law-breakers,
42  [s] Matthew 13:50; Revelation 9:2; [Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10] and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place [t] See Matthew 8:12 there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
43 Then [u] Proverbs 4:18; Daniel 12:3; [1 Corinthians 15:41-42] the righteous will shine like the sun [v] [Matthew 13:38; Matthew 25:34; Matthew 26:29; Luke 12:32] in the kingdom of their Father. [w] See Matthew 11:15 He who has ears, let him hear.

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure

44 “The kingdom of heaven [x] Proverbs 2:4 is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up. Then in his joy [y] [Matthew 25:9; Proverbs 23:23; Philippians 3:7-8] he goes and sells all that he has and [z] [Isaiah 55:1; Revelation 3:18] buys that field.

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls,
46 who, on finding [a] Matthew 7:6 one pearl of great value, [y] [See Matthew 13:44 above] went and sold all that he had and [z] [See Matthew 13:44 above] bought it.

The Parable of the Net

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is [b] Matthew 4:19 like a net that was thrown into the sea and [c] [Matthew 13:38; Matthew 22:10; Matthew 25:2] gathered fish of every kind.
48 When it was full, [d] John 21:11 men drew it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad.
49 So it will be at [e] See Matthew 13:39 the close of the age. The angels will come out and [f] Matthew 25:32; [Matthew 13:41] separate the evil from the righteous
50  [g] See Matthew 13:42 and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place [g] See Matthew 13:42 there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

New and Old Treasures

51  [h] Matthew 13:10-16; [John 10:6; John 16:29] “Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.”
52 And he said to them, “Therefore every [i] Matthew 23:34 scribe [j] Matthew 28:19 who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house, who [k] [Matthew 12:35] brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.”

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

53 And when Jesus had finished these parables, he went away from there,
54  [l] For Matthew 13:54-58, see Mark 6:1-6; [Luke 4:16-30] and coming to [m] Matthew 2:23; Luke 4:23 his hometown [n] See Matthew 4:23 he taught them in their synagogue, so that [o] See Matthew 7:28 they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these mighty works?
55  [p] [Luke 4:22; John 6:42] Is not this [q] [Mark 6:3] the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not [r] See Matthew 12:46 his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas?
56 And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things?”
57 And [s] See Matthew 11:6 they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, [t] Luke 4:24; John 4:44; [Jeremiah 11:21; Jeremiah 12:6; John 7:5] “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his own household.”
58 And he did not do many mighty works there, [u] [Matthew 17:20] because of their unbelief.

Copyright Statement:
English Standard Version
Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, February 18th, 2019
the Sixth Week after Epiphany
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