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Bible Dictionaries

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Disease

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Sickness and disease are among the results of sin that entered the human race when Adam sinned (Genesis 3:16-19). Jesus’ healing of disease was one evidence that the kingdom of God had come and that Jesus had power over all the evil effects of sin (Matthew 4:23; Matthew 8:17; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 12:28). The age to come will see the complete removal of all sickness and disease (Revelation 21:4; Revelation 22:2).

At times God may use sickness to punish people for their sins (Numbers 12:1-10; 2 Kings 5:25-27; Psalms 38:3-6; John 5:13-14; Acts 12:23). Other times he may use sickness to make them more reliant on his power and grace (2 Corinthians 12:7-10). In most cases, however, it is not possible to say why people suffer from sickness, disability or disease (John 9:1-3). The book of Job shows that no one should judge another with the accusation that the sufferer’s experience is because of personal sin (Job 42:7; see JOB; SUFFERING).

Among the diseases and disabilities that the Bible mentions are leprosy (2 Kings 7:3; 2 Kings 7:8; Luke 17:12; see LEPROSY), epilepsy (Matthew 4:24), dysentery (Acts 28:8), nervous disorders (1 Samuel 16:14-23; Daniel 4:33), deafness (Leviticus 19:14; Mark 7:32), dumbness (Mark 7:37; Mark 9:25), blindness (2 Samuel 5:8; Mark 10:46; John 9:1), paralysis (John 5:4; Acts 9:33), bone deformities (Luke 5:18; Luke 6:6; Luke 13:11), boils (1 Samuel 5:6; Isaiah 38:21), dropsy (Luke 14:2) and various fevers (Mark 1:30; John 4:52; Acts 28:8). (Concerning the connection between demon possession and certain diseases see UNCLEAN SPIRITS.)

The Israelite laws governing cleansing, foods and diseases provided a standard of hygiene that helped protect people from many harmful diseases (see UNCLEANNESS). Nevertheless, some sickness was inevitable. At a time when the knowledge and facilities of modern medicine were not available, physicians and common people alike used whatever skills they had (Genesis 50:2; Jeremiah 8:22; Mark 5:26) and whatever treatments were available to them (2 Kings 20:7; Jeremiah 46:11; Luke 10:34; 1 Timothy 5:23). Many of the non-Israelite physicians were actually sorcerers (2 Chronicles 16:12; see MAGIC).


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Bibliography Information
Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Disease'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/bbd/d/disease.html. 2004.

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