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Bible Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Cloud

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The Hebrew so rendered means "a covering," because clouds cover the sky. The word is used as a symbol of the Divine presence, as indicating the splendour of that glory which it conceals (Exodus 16:10 ; 33:9 ; Numbers 11:25 ; 12:5 ; Job 22:14 ; Psalm 18:11 ). A "cloud without rain" is a proverbial saying, denoting a man who does not keep his promise (Proverbs 16:15 ; Isaiah 18:4 ; 25:5 ; Jude 1:12 ). A cloud is the figure of that which is transitory (Job 30:15 ; Hosea 6:4 ). A bright cloud is the symbolical seat of the Divine presence (Ex.29:42,43; 1 Kings 8:10 ; 2 Chronicles 5:14 ; Ezekiel 43:4 ), and was called the Shechinah (q.v.). Jehovah came down upon Sinai in a cloud (Exodus 19:9 ); and the cloud filled the court around the tabernacle in the wilderness so that Moses could not enter it (Exodus 40:34,35 ). At the dedication of the temple also the cloud "filled the house of the Lord" (1 Kings 8:10 ). Thus in like manner when Christ comes the second time he is described as coming "in the clouds" (Matthew 17:5 ; 24:30 ; Acts 1:9,11 ). False teachers are likened unto clouds carried about with a tempest (2 Peter 2:17 ). The infirmities of old age, which come one after another, are compared by Solomon to "clouds returning after the rain" (Ecclesiastes 12:2 ). The blotting out of sins is like the sudden disappearance of threatening clouds from the sky (Isaiah 44:22 ).

Cloud, the pillar of, was the glory-cloud which indicated God's presence leading the ransomed people through the wilderness (Exodus 13:22 ; 33:9,10 ). This pillar preceded the people as they marched, resting on the ark (Exodus 13:21 ; 40:36 ). By night it became a pillar of fire (Numbers 9:17-23 ).


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Cloud'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ebd/c/cloud.html. 1897.

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