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Holman Bible Dictionary

Titus, Caesar

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(ti' tuhss) Roman emperor A.D. 79-81, eldest son of Vespasian.

Titus, like his father, was a soldier. He served in Germany and Britain and later in the Middle East. When Vespasian left his Middle East command to become emperor in A.D. 69, he left Titus in charge of crushing the Jewish revolt. In A.D. 70, his troops captured the Temple in Jerusalem. They took the last stronghold, Masada, in A.D. 73. His victory over the Jews was vividly depicted on the Triumphal Arch erected in Rome which still stands today.

Titus was deeply admired by his soldiers; when he later became emperor, the populace loved him. He was considered an honest ruler and an efficient administrator. An adherent of Stoic philosophy, he believed that the Roman emperor was the servant of the people. He and his father before him (the so-called Flavian emperors) struggled after the excesses of Nero to reestablish stability in the empire and in the government. They managed to return the empire to sound financial footing.

Titus was constantly plagued by the activities of his younger brother, Domitian. Even though he did not believe that Domitian was worthy to be his successor, he would not dispose of him. See Jerusalem ; Rome.

Gary Poulton


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Titus, Caesar'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hbd/t/titus-caesar.html. 1991.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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