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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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PAVILION is formed (through Fr. pavilion ) from Lat. papilio , which meant a ‘butterfly,’ and also (from the resemblance to a butterfly’s outspread wings) a ‘tent.’ ‘Pavilion’ is the tr. [Note: translate or translation.] in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] of sôk in Psalms 27:5 , and of sukkah in 2 Samuel 22:12 , 1Ki 20:12 ; 1 Kings 20:15 , Psalms 18:11 ; Psalms 31:20 (to which RV [Note: Revised Version.] adds Job 36:29 and Isaiah 4:5 for AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ‘tabernacle’). sukkah is of frequent occurrence, and is often rendered ‘booth’ or ‘tabernacle,’ once ‘tent’ ( 2 Samuel 11:11 ). Besides these, shaphrur in its single occurrence ( Jeremiah 43:10 ) is tr. [Note: translate or translation.] ‘royal pavilion’ (RVm [Note: Revised Version margin.] ‘glittering pavilion’). RV [Note: Revised Version.] has also given ‘pavilion’ in Numbers 25:8 , with mg. ‘ alcove ’ for AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ‘tent.’ It is possible that the Heb. qubbah in this passage is a mistake for chuppah , ‘nuptial tent.’

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Pavilion'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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