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Bible Dictionaries

People's Dictionary of the Bible

Concise Chronological Table of Bible History

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Note.—Most of the dates in Bible History, before the dedication of Solomon's temple, are very uncertain. There are two chief systems of chronology: one based upon the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and the other upon the Septuagint, or Greek text, and called the "short" and the "long" chronology. The dates in the margin of our English Bibles were computed by Archbishop Ussher (born 1580, died 1656), and based on the Hebrew or short chronology. Hales made a similar computation, based on the Greek text. The Septuagint text appears to make the patriarchal period 1466 years longer than the computations based on the Hebrew text, The following table shows the different dates according to Ussher and to Hales:

Ussher, or Hebrew Dates.

Hales, or Greek Dates (nearly).

Events.

b.c.

b.c.

4004

5411

Adam.

3874

6181

Birth of Seth.

3382

4289

" " Enoch.

3317

4124

" " Methuselah.

2948

3755

" " Noah.

2348

3155

The Flood,

2233

2554

Confusion of tongues.

2165

2362

Birth of Nahor.

2126

2283

" " Terah.

1996

2153

" " Abram.

1896

2053

" " Isaac.

1836

1993

" " Jacob.

1706

1883

Jacob moves to Egypt

1671

1728

Birth of Moses.

1491

1648

The Exodus.

1151

1608

Canaan entered.

b.c.

Events.

1280

Settlement in Canaan under Joshua.

1258-1095

The Judges—to Samuel and

Saul.

1095

Saul.

1055

David.

1007

Solomon's Temple. (For table of kings of Judah and Israel, and of prophets, see next page.) Fall of Samaria.

722-721

606

Assyrian captivity began.

588-7

Jerusalem destroyed.

b.c.

Events.

536

First return of Jews—Zerubbabel.

516-5

Second temple completed.

478

Esther made queen by Xerxes I.

457

Return of Jews (second company) with Ezra.

444

Nehemiah appointed governor. Malachi, prophet.

432

Nehemiah again governor at Jerusalem.

425

Death of Artaxerxes, Xerxes II. (2 months).

Sogdianus, his half brother (7 months).

424

Darius II. (Nothus, king).

End of Old Testament history.

CHRONOLOGY BETWEEN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS

405

Artaxerxes II. (Mnemon).

359

Artaxerxes III. (Ochus)

351-331

Jaddua high priest at J.

339

Arses (king).

336

Darius III. (Codomannus).

332

Alexander the Great.

323

Alexander's death.

320

Palestine under Ptolemy Soter.

314

" " Antigonus.

311

(Era of the Seleucidæ.)

301

Palestine under Ptolemies.

280

Hebrew O. T. translated into Greek about this time.

205

Palestine under Antiochus.

170

Temple plundered by Antiochus Epiphanes.

167

Mattathias, the Jewish patriot; father of the Maccabæans.

165

Judas Maecabæus recovers Jerusalem.

141

Simon Maccabæus frees the Jews.

Pompey conquers Judæa.

Temple plundered by Crassus.

Antipater made governor of Judæa by Cæsar.

Parthians capture Jerusalem.

Herod retakes Jerusalem.

Herod begins to rebuild the temple.

Birth of Christ. (The common Christian era was fixed four years too late.)


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Concise Chronological Table of Bible History'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/rpd/c/concise-chronological-table-of-bible-history.html. 1893.

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