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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Cause

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A — 1: αἰτία
(Strong's #156 — Noun Feminine — aitia — ahee-tee'-a )

"a cause:" see ACCUSATION , A, No. 1.

A — 2: αἴτιον
(Strong's #158 — Noun Neuter — aition — ah'ee-tee-on )

"a fault" (synonymous with No. 1, but more limited in scope), is translated "cause (of death)" in Luke 23:22 ; "cause" in Acts 19:40 (of a riot); "fault" in Luke 23:4,14 . See FAULT.

A — 3: λόγος
(Strong's #3056 — Noun Masculine — logos — log'-os )

"a word spoken for any purpose," denotes, in one place, a cause or reason assigned, Matthew 5:32 .

*The following phrases are rendered by an English phrase containing the word "cause" (see WHEREFORE):

*"For this cause."

A — 4: ἀντί
(Strong's #473 5127 — Preposition — anti toutou — an-tee' )

lit., "instead of this," i.e., "for this cause," signifying the principle or motive, Ephesians 5:31 .

A — 5: διά
(Strong's #1223 5124 — Preposition — dia touto — dee-ah' )

lit., "on account of this, for this cause," signifying the ground or reason, e.g., RV in Mark 12:24 ; John 1:31 ; 5:16,18 ; 6:65 ; 7:22 ; 8:47 ; 12:18,27,39 ; Romans 1:26 ; 4:16 ; 13:6 ; 1 Corinthians 4:17 ; 11:10,30 ; Ephesians 1:15 ; Colossians 1:9 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:13 ; 3:5,7 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:11 ; 1 Timothy 1:16 ; Hebrews 9:15 ; 1 John 3:1 .

A — 6: εἱεκεν
(Strong's #1752 5127 — Preposition — heneken toutou — hen'-ek-ah, hen'-ek-en, hi'-nek-en )

lit., "for the sake of this," therefore, "as a reason for," Matthew 19:5 ; Mark 10:7 ; heneka touton, "for the sake of these things," Acts 26:21 ; and heneken tou, "for the cause of the (one), etc. 2 Corinthians 7:12 (twice).

A — 7: ἀντί
(Strong's #473 5484 — Preposition — charin toutou | toutou charin — an-tee' )

"for this cause," not simply as a reason, as in the preceding phrase, but in favor of, Ephesians 3:1,14 ; Titus 1:5 .

*"For this very cause."

A — 8: αὐτός
(Strong's #846 5124 — pronoun — auto touto — ow-tos' )

lit., "(as to) this very thing," 2 Peter 1:5 .

Notes: (1) This phrase often represents one containing aitia (see above).

(2) In John 18:37 , eis touto, "unto this," denotes "unto this end," RV (AV, "for this cause").

(3) For the phrase "for which cause" (dio), Romans 15:22 ; 2 Corinthians 4:16 , see WHEREFORE , Note (2) (RV).

(4) In Philippians 2:18 , to auto, is rendered "for the same cause," AV; RV, "in the same manner."

*"without a cause."

A — 9: δωρεάν
(Strong's #1432 — Adjective — dorean — do-reh-an' )

lit., "as a gift, gratis," (connected with doron, "a gift"), is rendered "without a cause," John 15:25 ; "for nought," 2 Corinthians 11:7 ; Galatians 2:21 ; 2 Thessalonians 3:8 ; "freely," Matthew 10:8 ; Romans 3:24 ; Revelation 21:6 ; 22:17 .

Notes: (1) Eike, "in vain," "without a cuase," Matthew 5:22 (AV), is absent from the most authentic mss.

(2) For "cause," in Acts 25:14 , AV, see CASE.

(3) In 2 Corinthians 5:13 (RV, "unto you"), the AV has "for your cause."

B — 1: ποιέω
(Strong's #4160 — Verb — poieo — poy-eh'-o )

"to do," is translated by the verb "to cause" in John 11:37 ; Acts 15:3 ; Romans 16:17 ; Colossians 4:16 ; Revelation 13:15,16 . See Do.

B — 2: δίδωμι
(Strong's #1325 — Verb — didomi — did'-o-mee )

"to give," is translated "cause" in 1 Corinthians 9:12 , RV, for AV, "(lest we) should."

Notes: (1) In Matthew 5:32 the RV translates poieo "maketh," for AV, "causeth."

(2) In 2 Corinthians 9:11 , katergazomai, "to work," is translated "causeth" in the AV; RV, "worketh."

(3) In 2 Corinthians 2:14 , thriambeuo is rendered "causeth us to triumph," AV; RV, "leadeth us in triumph," the metaphor being taken from the circumstances of the procession of a Roman "triumph."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Cause'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/cause.html. 1940.

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Wednesday, May 27th, 2020
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