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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ἐπιούσιος
(Strong's #1967 — Adjective — epiousios — ep-ee-oo'-see-os )

is found in Matthew 6:11 ; Luke 11:3 . Some would derive the word from epi, "upon," and eimi, "to be," as if to signify "(bread) present," i.e., sufficient bread, but this formation is questionable. The same objection applies to the conjecture, that it is derived from epi, and ousia, and signifies "(bread) for sustenance." The more probable derivation is from epi, and eimi, "to go," (bread) for going on, i.e., for the morrow and after, or (bread) coming (for us). See the RV marg. This suits the added semeron, "to-day," i.e., the prayer is to be for bread that suffices for this day and next, so that the mind may conform to Christ's warning against anxiety for the morrow. Confirmation of this derivation is also to be found in the word epiouse, in the phrase "the next day," Acts 7:26 ; 16:11 .

2: ἐφήμερος
(Strong's #2184 — Adjective — ephemeros — ef-ay'-mer-os )

signifies "for the day" (epi, "upon, or for," hemera, "a day," Eng., "ephemeral"), James 2:15 .

3: καθημερινός
(Strong's #2522 — Adjective — kathemerinos — kath-ay-mer-ee-nos' )

means, lit., "according to" (kata) "the day" (hemera), "day by day, daily," Acts 6:1 .

Notes: The following phrases contain the word hemera, "day," and are translated "daily" or otherwise: (a) kath' hemeran, lit., "according to, or for, (the) day, or throughout the day," "day by day," e.g., Luke 11:3 ; Acts 3:2 ; 16:5 ; 1 Corinthians 15:31 ; Hebrews 7:27 ; (b) hemera kai hemera lit., "day and day," "day by day," 2 Corinthians 4:16 ; (c) hemeran ex hemeras, lit., "day from day," "from day to day," 2 Peter 2:8 ; (d) semeron, "this day," or "today," used outside the Synoptists and the Acts, in 2 Corinthians 3:14,15 , eight times in Hebrews, and in James 4:13 ; (e) tes semeron hemeras, "(unto) this very day," Romans 11:8 (RV); (f) tas hemeras, Luke 21:37 , RV, "every day," for AV, "in the daytime;" (g) pasan hemeran, Acts 5:42 , RV, "every day;" preceded by kata in Acts 17:17 , RV, "every day;" (h) kath' kekasten hemeran, lit., "according to each day," Hebrews 3:13 , "day by day," RV.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Daily'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Saturday, August 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
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