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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Daughter, Daughter-in-Law

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1: θυγάτηρ
(Strong's #2364 — Noun Feminine — thugater — thoo-gat'-air )

"a daughter," (etymologically, Eng., "daughter" is connected), is used of (a) the natural relationship (frequent in the Gospels); (b) spiritual relationship to God, 2 Corinthians 6:18 , in the sense of the practical realization of acceptance with, and the approval of, God (cp. Isaiah 43:6 ), the only place in the NT where it applies to spiritual relationship; (c) the inhabitants of a city or region, Matthew 21:5 ; John 12:15 ("of Zion"); cp. Isaiah 37:22 ; Zephaniah 3:14 (Sept.); (d) the women who followed Christ to Calvary, Luke 23:28 ; (e) women of Aaron's posterity, Luke 1:5 ; (f) a female descendant of Abraham, Luke 13:16 .

2: θυγάτριον
(Strong's #2365 — Noun Neuter — thugatrion — thoo-gat'-ree-on )

a diminutive of No. 1, denotes "a little daughter," Mark 5:23 ; 7:25 .

3: παρθένος
(Strong's #3933 — Noun Feminine — parthenos — par-then'-os )

"a maiden, virgin," e.g., Matthew 1:23 , signifies a virgin-daughter in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38 (RV); in Revelation 14:4 , it is used of chaste persons. See VIRGIN.

4: νύμφη
(Strong's #3565 — Noun Feminine — numphe — noom-fay' )

Eng. "nymph", denotes "a bride," John 3:29 ; also "a daughter-in-law," Matthew 10:35 ; Luke 12:53 . See BRIDE.

Note: In 1 Peter 3:6 , teknon, "a child," is translated "daughters" (AV), "children" (RV).


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Daughter, Daughter-in-Law'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/d/daughter-daughter-in-law.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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